LOG OF THE UNITED STATES SHIP USS ASHLAND LSD-1

5 June 1943 Saturday

1058 Ships crew came aboard. 1104 Visitors came aboard on presentation of invitations. 1113 Commander M. Anderson USNR came aboard.

1130 Crew formed in two ranks on deck. 1135 Commissioning officer read his orders, men directed "Face aft", "Right hand salute", "Sound off". All hands saluted. The Ensign, Jack and Commissioning Pennant were mastheaded.

1143 Commissioning Officer directed "Face inboard", stated the U.S.S. ASHLAND to be in commission and delivered the vessel to Francis J. Harris, Lieutenant Commander USNR, Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. ASHLAND, who read his orders and accepted his command with appropriate remarks. - Simon J. Seder LT(jg) USNR Navigation Officer.

1148-16 Watch

1148 Watches were set and ship's time commenced. 1152 Crew was secured from quarters. Visitors and Treasure Island band went ashore. 1300 Crew turned to taking on medical stores and hull allowances. 1305 Lee, J.P. 554-65-48, F1c, reported aboard for duty from Yerba Buena Island, California. 1350 M. Anderson, Commander, USNR left the ship.

Moored port side to Pier "C", Moore Dry Dock Company, West Yard, Oakland, California using the following lines furnished by Moore Dry Dock Company: 8 inch manila bow line; 1 1/8 inch bow spring; 8 in manila and 1 1/8 inch wire quarter spring; 8 inch manila stern line. Receiving the following services from the dock: Fresh water; Electric Power; High and Low Pressure Air; Steam.

- Chas. A. Bailey, LT(jg) USNR

16-20 Watch

Moored as before. 1745 The following named men reported aboard for duty from Receiving Ship, San Francisco, Calif.: Hall, W.C. 680-37-45 MM2c USNR, Serph, J.H. 554-14-93 MM2c USNR, Heathers, G.E. 664-71-02 F1c(MM) USNR, Robson, C (n) 576-38-42 F2c(MM) USNR, Tonn, J.R. 356-91-16 F3c(MM) USNR. 1746 The following named men reported aboard from the Receiving Ship, San Francisco, Calif: Upham, C.E. Jr. 555-75-76 MM2c USNR, Chappell, W.B. Jr. 342-73-42 F1c, Uffens, J.H. 660-59-04 S2c USNR. - C.T. Hennings ENS USNR.

20-24 Watch

Moored as before. -W.R. Keegan, ENS USNR

6 June 1943

Moored as before. 0810 Crew mustered at quarters, no absentees. 0830 Lit off port boiler. 1000 Commenced taking aboard hull, engineering and machinery allowances from Moore Dry Dock, Warehouse 16.

1800 Completed taking aboard hull, engineering and machinery allowances. 1835 Shifted from generator power to yard light and power.



7 June 1943

Moored as before. 1400 Discontinued receiving electric power from dock and switched to ships supply generator starboard. 1430 Communications Officer and armed guard left for Federal Building to secure confidential publications. 1440 Chronometers and stop watches aboard from Mare Island. 1500 Captain left ship. 1520 Cleared workman and welders from compartment #C-3076 and posted special guard. 1600 Crew mustered at quarters. No absentees.

1630 Medical stores received on board from Naval Supply Depot, San Francisco. 1715 Ships allowance confidential communications, received on board from issuing office, San Francisco. 1755 The following men reported aboard for duty from Receiving Ship, San Francisco: Higgins, Paul Vincent 202-58-46 PhmM2c, USN; Tucker, W.C. 634-97-85 SK3c, V-6, USNR, Riggs, R.H. 232-92-62 F1c USN.



8 June 1943

Moored as before. 0130 Sloan, K.G. 554-05-27 S2c, USNR V-6, reported aboard, absent over leave since 6 June 1943.

0445 Commenced receiving fresh water from dock. 0549 Completed taking on water. 0615 Lit off fires under boiler #1. 0740 Let fires die under boiler #1.

0900 Received aboard 60 gal. milk for general mess. Inspected as to quality by D. Susnow, LT.(MC) USNR and as to quantity by D. Schumacher LT(SC) USNR. 1050 Main engines spun. 1059 Commence taking on ordinance supplies, medical supplies, communication supplies.

1215 Lit off starboard boiler room, #1 boiler. 1300 Received shipment Tidewater Oil Company. Continued taking on stores, medical and ordinance equipment. 1340 Finished running test on port engine. 1410 Completed receiving canteen stores. 1432 Sixteen 20 MM guns taken from ship for ordalt changes. 1442 Welding permitted in compartment #C-3076. 1525 Four extra fire watches ported. 1550 Engineers report on running tests received and noted satisfactory.

1600 Continued taking on stores. 1715 The following men reported aboard for duty from Receiving Ship San Francisco: Cornish, A.A. 646-42-09 F2c V6 USNR, Josselyn, R.E. 606-06- 56 F1c V6 USNR.

2045 Completed taking on supplies.



9 June 1943

Moored port side to Pier "C" Moore Drydock Company, West Yard. Receiving from dock: Fresh water, high and low pressure air, steam. 0745 commenced taking fresh water aboard, 1100 gallons received. 0810 Crew mustered at Quarters. 0830 Ships stores stock received from NSD, Oakland. 1110 Received on board 16 20MM guns and spare parts. 1120 Received commissioning stores. 1315 commenced loading ammunition received from Mare Island. 1510 All ammunition stowed and locked, 57,400 rounds of 20 MM ammunition. 1530 Moored with own lines. Cast off yard lines.

1604 Received fresh fruit and vegetables listed below. Inspected as to quantity by D.L. Schumacher, Lieut., S.C., USNR, and as to quality by D.A. Susnow, Lieut., M.C. USNR. Received from Jacobs, Malcolm and Burtt, contract no. 85993: 310 lbs. squach, 161 lbs. peas, 405 lbs, cucumbers, 153 lbs onions, 165 lbs. green peppers, 103 lbs. radishes. Received from Elite Produce Co., contract no. 35991: 419 lbs. corn, 552 lbs. cantaloupes. From N.S.D. Oakland, Calif. invoice no. 605052; 616 lbs. cabbage, 300 lbs. carrots, 400 lbs celery, 390 lbs. lettuce, 600 lbs. onions, 2000 lbs potatoes (Irish), 170 lbs. turnips, 704 lbs. apples, 496 lbs. grapefruit. Invoice no. 605051 390 lbs. lemons, 1022 lbs. oranges, 297 lbs asparagus.

1745 Started Gyro. 2140 Received the following ammunition from Naval Ammunition Depot, Mare Island, California: 21,240 rounds 20 MM, 1 Signal Provector Mk. I, base for signal provector, set spare parts. Ships emergency identication signals in accordance with ord list. 15,000 30 cal. cartgs., 4500 30 cal. traces, 6600 45 cal. cartgs., 100 12 gauge shotgun shells, 180 45 cal. carts., blank. 12 lines and spindles, 30 projectiles, 8000 22 cartgs. 2240 secured from loading ammunition, magazines closed.



10 June 1943

0-4 Moored port side to east side Pier "C" Moore Dry Dock Company with the following lines, .... Receiving the following services from the dock, ..... W.R. Keegan ENS USNR

4-8 Moored as before. 0430 Steering engines tested. Test satisfactory. - Chas A. Bailey, LT(JG) USNR

8-12 0845 Received the following passengers aboard for bay trial: Lt. Wilkins, SupShips, Mr. Durham, Moore Dry Dock Engineer, Mr. Summers, Moore Dry Dock Engineer, Mr. Rogers, Moore Dry dock, Comdr. Flood Jackson E/RNR, Comdr. Waller, E/RNR, LT. Vaughn RNR, LT. Vallings, RNR, LT. Galbraith, SUSSHIP Oakland, Calif., Lt(jg) Vanover LSD-2, LT(jg) Thomas, LSD-2, Ens. Reidel, Outfitting Officer, Elect Hathaway, SUPSHIPS, Mr. Desamma, BUSHIPS, Mr. Gee, Mare Island Navy Yard, Mr. Bell, Johns-Manville, Mr. Seaman, Westinghouse Co., Mr. Nett, Skinner Eng. Co., Mr. Jagermann and Mr.Park from Skinner Eng. Co. Following from Moore Dry Dock , Mr. Brabac, Mr. Daniels, Mr. Summers, Mr. Golden, Mr. Barker, Mr. Brosterhous, Mr. Defries, Mr. Stolp, Mr. Brodesan, Mr. Ruanoj, Mr. J. Silver, Mr. G.M. Wallace and Mr. Carns from Gibbs & Cox. LT(jg) SUPSHIPS, LT(jg) Fleming, both from SUP SHIPS, San Francisco. Smith, S.B. CWT USN LSD-2, Coleman, E. CMM LSD-2.

0850 Received 4 spare lines and 2 spare shackles for anchor chain. 0845 received from Home Craft Baking Co., San Francisco, Calif., 300 lbs. bread. 0918 Received from ET?N Shipfitters Co. 52 - 15" CO2 estinguishers, 3 - 15' CO2 estinguishers spare.

0915 Lit off #2 Boiler.

0950 Following named men transferred to U.S. Naval Hospital, Oakland, Calif.: Kindre, A.L. 658-66-10 Stm1c V-6, D.O. Orethritis, Ledbetter R.E. 640-26-33 S1c V-6, DO Fract. 3rd Metacarpel.

1110 Received from Parke Daves & Co. 4 gal. Phamerol solution. 1120 Following named men reported aboard from Receiving Station Treasure Island for duty: Dimaandal, P.C. OC1c CF4D 497-70-51, DeMarcellone, G.C. Phm3c 611-63-54, Johnson, Melvin Jr. Stm3c 841-29-26, Fowler, W.S. EM1c 355-85-15. - C.T. Hennings ENS USNR

12-16 1210 Tested whitle, siren and all communications. All departments report ready for sea. 1215 Pursuant to orders 12th Naval District Lt(jg) Mayo, USNR and Lt. Wilkins, USN reported aboard this vessel for temporary duty in connection with bay trials. 1245 Hoisted boats aboard. 1300 Gangway landed.

1307 Cast off all lines. 1310 Ship underway, Captain at conn. Course and speed as per Captains orders. 1345 passed Goat Island abeam bearing 090 1441 Southampton shoal abeam bearing 090 1440 Let go port anchor. Ship brought up with 45 fathoms of chain in 8 fathoms. - Felicien Y. Lozen LT(JG) USNR

16-18 Anchored as before. Checked anchor bearings. 1705 Commenced flooding all ballast tanks.- Simmon J. Seder LT(JG) USNR

18-20 Anchored as before. Checked anchor bearings. 1913 Stern gate lowered. 1955 Water in well deck at nine foot level. - Chas. A. Bailey, LT(JG) USNR

20-24 Anchored as before. Checked anchor bearings. 2400 Secured Master Gyro. Ship in Modified Darken Condition. - W.R. Keegan ENS USNR



11 June 1943

Anchored in San Francisco Harbor at single anchor. All engines ready on half hour notice. Ship in modified darkened ship condition. Well flooded to 9 feet of water.

0428 Commenced pumping all ballast tanks. 0715 Whistle, siren, and all communications tested. 0730 Completed pumping all ballast tanks.

0807 Anchor aweigh. Gyro not in use. Underway using hand steering. Captain at conn. On various courses and speeds. 0847 Let go starboard anchor. 0940 starboard telemotor test satisfactory. 1055 Anchor aweigh. Captain at conn, on various courses and speeds on trial run.

1315 Commenced southward run over measured mile off Treasure Island at 60 RPM. Time for measured mile 12 minutes 40 seconds.

1357 Commenced southward run over measured mile at 80 RPM. Time for measured mile 11 minutes 28 seconds. 1410 Commenced three hour endurance run at 120 RPM. 1151 Commenced measured mile off Treasure Island at 120 RPM. Time for measured mile 5 minute 21 seconds. 1559 Passed under Bay Bridge. 1710 End of three hour run, 120 RPM. 1718 Commenced trial run at 180 RPM on measured mile. 1718 Completed - time 4 minutes 23 seconds.

1839 Commenced compass adjustment of magnetic compass. 1913 Let go port anchor. 1957 Weighed anchor, Captain at the conn. 2031 Completed adjustment of magnetic compass. 2038 Lowered stern gate. Ship hove to. Small boat came alongside stern gate, Lt. I.B. Crosby, USNR, LT(JG), A.E. Bubser, USNR, and Mr. Bourman left the ship. 2040 Making way on starboard engine. 2100 Let go port anchor.



12 June 1943

0-4 At single anchor with 45 fathoms in 6 fathoms. Ship in darkened condition. Both engines ready get underway at 1/2 hours notice. Master gyro still secured.

4-8 Anchored as before. 0400 Anchor bearings checked. 0525 tested whistle, siren, and communications. 0555 Commenced to weigh anchor. 0600 Anchor aweigh. 0647 South Hampton Shoal beacon bearing 090 Continued on various courses and speeds working up to 220 RPM.

8-12 Steaming as before on various courses and speeds while undergoing trials. 0831 Let go starboard anchor. Ship brought up with 30 fathoms of chain in 5 fathoms. 0907 Weighed anchor. Captain at the conn. 1059 Commenced southward run over measured mile at 190 RPM. Time for measured mile 4 minutes 20 seconds.

12-16 Steaming as before. 1221 Passed under Bay Bridge between towers "C" and "D" on course 160 PGC. Passed under Bay Bridge between towers "C" and "D" on course 323 PGC. 1249 Passed South Hampton shoals. Light abeam bearing 90 relative. 1301 passed Red Rock abeam bearing relative. 1328 Passed Red Rock abeam bearing 270 relative. 1400 Passed under Bay Bridge between towers "C" and "D" on course 160deg PGC. 1434 Closed midship gate on well deck. 1423 Passed under Bay Bridge between towers "C" and "D" on course 320 PGC. 1445 passed South Hampton shoals light abeam bearing 090 relative. 1500 Passed Red Rock abeam bearing 090 relative. 1513 Passed Red Rock abeam bearing 090 relative. 1527 Passed South Hampton shoals light abeam bearing 270

16-18 Steaming as before. Passed under Bay Bridge on course 325 deg. PGC. 1640 Completed mounting four 20 MM guns on Bridge Deck. 1647 Let go starboard anchor. 1657 Brought up on 45 fathoms in 8 fathoms. Engines ready to get underway in 1/2 hour notice. 1705 Small boat came alongside from Pier 40. 1715 Trial Board went ashore.

18-20 Anchored as before. 1820 Tested whistle and siren and all communications. All departments reported ready. 1830 Underway from anchorage. Captain at conn. Courses and speeds as per Captains orders. 1956 Moored starboard side to Eldorado Oil Dock, Moore Dry Dock Co. with the following lines in use: .......

20-24 Moored as before.



13 June 1943

0-4 Moored starboard side to Eldorado Oil Company Dock, Moore Dry Dock Company with the following lines in use: ....... 0130 Began receiving telephone service from yard.

8-12 Moored as before. 0933 Received aboard 16 large and 16 small dip pots for 20 MM guns from Moore Dry Dock Company. 1021 Received on board from Borden's Dairy Delivery Co., 2743 San Pablo Avenue, Oakland, California, 40 gals fresh milk. Inspected as to quality by D.A. Susnow LT(M.C.V.S.) USNR and as to quantity by D. Schumacher LT(SC) USNR. 1022 C.L.C. Atkeson, Commander, USN reported on board for duty. 1100 Received from Golden Gate Ice Cream Co., Oakland, California, 8 gals. brick ice cream. Inspected to quality by D.A. Susnow LT(MCVS) and as to quantity by D. Schumacher LT S.C. USNR.

12-16 Moored as before. Received from Naval Supply Depot, Oakland on invoice .........

16-20 Moored as before. 1637 Received 5 cartons of filtering compounds, Barium Hydrox and Ferrous Sulfate. 1651 Received aboard office supplies. 1747 Received aboard one carton of medical supplies. 1957 Let off No. 2 Boiler.

20-24 Moored as before. 2122 Started Master Gyro.



14 June 1943

Moored starboard side to Eldorado Dock, Oakland, Calif. 0625 R. Vanover LT(JG) USN, G.H. Thomas LT(JG) USN came aboard for trial trip. 0657 LT. Comdr. Garrells USN and D. Allison came aboard for trial trip. 0700 Cast off all lines. 0702 Commenced weighing anchor. 0713 Anchor aweigh, underway with Captain at conn. 0758 Passed under Bay Bridge between columns "A" and "B".

0800 Seven passengers aboard for trial trip.

1240 Commenced runs on measured mile. First southward run time, 2 minutes 26 seconds. Speed 15.93. Second run northward time 2 minutes 13 seconds. Third run southward 2 minutes 45 seconds. Speed 14.7. Fourth run northward 2 minutes 11 seconds. Speed 17.1 All runs at approximately --- RPM. 1343 Commenced southward run on measured mile with port engine at 180 RPM. Time 6 minutes 40 seconds.

1749 Let go port anchor. Brought up ship on 45 fathoms in 8 fathoms.



15 June 1943

1105 C.G.C. 6530 Came alongside, Photographer 2c Perine came aboard to see Commanding Officer. 1115 Photographer 2c Perine left ship. 1123 Commenced weighing anchor. 1131 Anchor aweigh, underway, Captain at conn. Courses and speeds as per Commanding Officer's order.

1222 Anchored in Oakland harbor with 15 feet of chain at waters edge, awaiting berth. 1249 Commenced heaving around. 1303 Moored portside to Pier "A" Moore Dry Dock Co., West Yard.

1337 Lt(JG) Vanover, LT(JG) J. H. Thomas, S.B. Smith, CWT, having completed temporary duty in connection with bay trials, detached from ship.



16 June 1943

Mooed port side to pier "A", Moore Drydock Company, West Yard. 0930 Exercised at fire quarters. 0933 First steam at scene of fire. 0935 Secured. 0950 Exercised at General Quarters. 0955 Secured from General Quarters. 0956 Turned on #1 Blower in #1 Fireroom. 1020 Exercised Abandon Ship Stations. 1025 Secured from Abandon Ship Stations.

F. J. Harris, Lieutenant Commander USNR read his orders and turned command of this vessel over to C.L.C. Atkeson, Commander USN who read his orders as addressed the crew on the bridge deck.

1418 Secured port boiler and generator. Commenced receiving steam and electric power from the dock. Received from Hobart Mfg. Co. one slicing machine. Received the following materials aboard from Moore Dry Dock Company invoice #A 71394 - 3 potato lockers.



17 June 1943

Moored port side to Pier "A, Moore Drydock Company, West Yard, Oakland, California. Receiving the following services from the dock: Flushing and fresh water; steam, electric power.

0700 Adamski, S. J. EM3c reported aboard 78 hours over leave. 1155 Electric light lamps taken aboard from Moore Dry Dock Warehouse. 1159 Completed mounting last 20 MM gun aboard. 1415, 3 inch 50 cal. AA gun and mount removed from bridge deck, forward amidships, along with spare part, tools, material and equipment by Moore Dry Dock Company. 1416 Went to General Quarters in accordance with aircraft warning dispatch. 1435 Secured from General Quarters. 1526 Received aboard 70 gal. milk for general mess. Inspected as to quality by D. Susnow, Lt(MC)USNR and as to quality by D. Schumacher, LT.(SC)USNR. 2300 Broke out gun crews and manned after guns in accordance with aircraft warning dispatch.



18 - 21 June 1943 - Moored as before.



22 June 1943

0630 Pursuant to verbal orders from prospective Commanding Officer of USS Belle Grove, Boatswain Cardaini, Elect. Littleton, Carpenter Brown and Chief Mach. Bewbaeur reported on board this vessel for temporary duty in connection with trials. 0735 LT. Comdr. Garrels reported aboard in line of duty. 0735 Made all preparations for getting underway.

0809 Underway from pier "A", Moore Dry Dock Company, West Yard, Oakland, California. Captain at Conn, Executive Officer and navigator on the bridge. Standing out of Oakland estuary on various courses conforming to the channel. 0855 Observation board including Lt. Tate, Lt(jg) Flemming, Ens. Rude with Captain Kell in charge came aboard. W.B. Hill and C.E. Wellon representing Babcock and Wilcox came aboard. 0856 On various courses at various speeds undergoing trials in San Francisco Bay.

1644 Commenced run on measured mile, 160 RPM. Course 160 Time 4 min. 3.8 seconds. 1714 Commenced run on measured mile, 150 RPM, course 320 Time 5 min, 19.5 sec. 1830 Commenced run on measured mile 150 RPM, course 150. Time 5 min. 23.5 sec. 1913 commenced run on measured mile 180 RPM, course 130, time 4 min. 56 sec.

2354 Let go port anchor with 45 fathoms of chain in 8 fathoms on following true bearings: Oakland harbor entrance light - 044; Goat Island light 004 30'; Alcatraz light 320 Secured main engines.



23 June 1943

0315 Made preparations to get underway. 0340 Commenced to weigh anchor. 0353 Anchor aweigh. 0355 Under way on course 018 PGC. 0819 Commenced run on measured mile. (Several runs were made in the A.M.) 1216 Pilot aboard. 1321 Moored port side to berth 21-N Mare Island, Cal. 1322 Started taking on salt water from dock. 1550 started taking electricity from dock. 1900 Yard tug streamed anti-torpedo net across stern.



24 June 1943

Moored as before. No remarks.



25 June 1943

Moored as before. No remarks.

2000 Pursuant to D-7017 BuPers Manual, Banett, J.O. PhM 3.c V-6, 616-27-30 (CN 5290) was transferred to this ship with bag and all records. 2150 Snyder, Clifford Ivan, WT2/c 385-82-59 was taken to the U.S. Naval Hospital, Mare Island, for treatment for Tonsillitis Acute.



26 - 30 June 1943

Moored as before, port side to pier 21, Mare Island, California. No remarks.



1 - 2 July 1943

Moored as before. No remarks.

3 July 1943

Moored as before. 1106 Discontinued taking all services from the dock. 1137 Pilot came on board. 1143 Tug Juanita alongside port side to assist in changing berths.

1201 Cast off lines to shift to berth 20. 1210 Moored to berth 20, starboard side to. 1255 Receiving electric power from dock.



4 - 9 July 1943 Moored as before. No remarks.



10 July 1943

Moored as before. 1240 Made preparations to get underway. 1245 G.R. Johnstone, Pilot, came aboard. 1327 Under way from berth 20 to Dry Dock Number 2, Mare Island, California, using tugs Cahoka, Navigator. #4, #10, #62. 1406 All tugs cast off and clear. 1415 In Dry Dock Number 2. 1416 Pilot left the ship. 1425 Dry Dock Gate closed. 1450 Commenced pumping out dock. 1535 Keel resting on keel blocks.



11 July 1943

In drydock #2, Mare Island, California. Receiving fresh and salt water, steam and electric power, telephone service from dock.



12 July 1943

In drydock #2, Mare Island, California, receiving services as before.

1115 Commenced flooding drydock. 1145 Ceased taking electricity from dock. 1153 Gangway removed from ship. 1155 Ship water borne.

1200 Gangway placed to ship from dock. 1201 Compartments A313A and A311M reported taking on water due to back pressure on flushing line. 1242 Ceased receiving stand and air pressure from dock. 1245 Telephone disconnected. Dry Dock completely flooded. 1351 Gate floated away from end of dry dock. 1310 Torpedo net removed from end of dry dock. 1318 Gangway removed from ship. 1322 Underway, ship being eased out of dry dock #2 by means of lines on dock. 1326 Steer clear of dry dock, all lines on starboard side cast off. 1334 Moored in berth 13 port side to. 1345 Gangway placed on port side of ship to dock. 1359 Commenced receiving salt water from dock. 1330 Commenced pumping water out of compartments A313A and A311M. 1425 Receiving electric service from dock.



13 July 1943

Moored as before. 1020 Secured taking water, steam, electric power and phone services from dock. 1015 Commenced singling up all lines. 1030 Lines singled up; Pilot aboard. 1057 Let go all lines, underway from dock, secured to four tugs.

1207 All tugs cast off and clear. 1215 Moored to Berth 23, Mare Island, California, starboard side to. Receiving the following services from the dock: Fresh and salt water, electricity, steam, air. 1315 Fresh water suspended.



14 - 15 July 1943

Moored starboard side to berth 23, Mare Island, California. No remarks.



16 July 1943

0717 Unmoored from alongside pier 23, Navy Yard, Mare Island, in two of yard tugs, Pilot F.T. Summers conning, and shifted berth to south side of pier 22 mooring starboard side to. Secured at 0748 and commenced receiving fresh and salt water, steam, electricity and telephone service from the dock.



17 - 19 July 1943

Moored as before. No remarks.



20 July 1943

Moored as before. 1530 Commenced loading ammunition. 1700 Lit off Boiler #1. At 1800 lit off boiler #2. Continued receiving ammunition. 2031 Commenced dock trials. 2044 - 2-45 Starboard engine ahead 20 RPM. Port engine astern 20 RPM. 2045-2115 Starboard engine ahead 60 RPM, port engine astern 60 RPM. 2115 - 2135 Starboard astern 60 RPM, port ahead 60 RPM. 3135 Stopped all engines. 2137 Completed dock trials. 2150 Boiler #1 secured. 2205 Boiler #2 secured.



21 July 1943

Moored starboard side to berth 22, Mare Island, California. Still receiving ammunition from ammunition depot Mare Island, California.

0535 Completed taking on ammunition and secured all magazines having received the following material from N.A.D. Mare Island, California: 28,800 rounds 40 MM, 79,020 rounds 20 MM, 600 rounds 5:38 cal., 19,000 .30 cal., 6,500 rounds .45 cal and Pyrotechnics per order list #1750.

1550 Started master gyro.

1635 Secured fresh way from the dock. 1650 Anti-submarine net removed astern. 1800 All departments except Engineering reported ready to get underway. 1810 Pilot G.R. Johnstone came aboard. 1815 Secured salt water from dock. 1816 All lines singled up. 1816 Engineering department reported ready to get underway. 1816 Yard tugs #62, #10, #4 came alongside. 1833 Underway from berth 22, Mare Island, California, on various courses and at various speeds conforming with channel. Pilot at conn. 1845 All tugs cast off. 1904 Pilot G.R. Johnstone left the ship, Captain at conn. 1935 Tested whistle and siren. Test satisfactory.

2056 Passed under San Francisco Bay Bridge, preparing to anchor. 2111 Anchored in anchorage 12 south, San Francisco Bay in 10 fathoms of water with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor. 2117 Main engines secured. 2300 Commenced swinging to the tide. 2340 Completed swinging to the tide.



22 July 1943

Anchored in San Francisco Bay, California, in anchorage 12, south, in 10 fathoms of water. 0650 Special Sea Detail set. 0703 All departments ready to get underway. 0726 Underway from anchorage, Captain at conn.

0805 Tug came along side. 0807 Pilot came aboard. 0910 Moored port side to pier 31 San Francisco, California with the following lines in use, bow and stern lines. 0915 Deperming crew came aboard and commenced rigging deperming coils. 1135 Ship breasted out to center of slip.

1639 Alongside pier 31 port side to with bow and quarter spring lines. 1803 Tug Sea Rover alongside. 1805 Pilot aboard. 1808 Underway. 1814 Tug cast loose. 1815 Pilot left ship. 1833 Let go starboard anchor. Anchored in San Francisco, California harbor in 9 fathoms of water with 45 fathoms of chain.



23 July 1943

Anchored in San Francisco Bay California, anchorage 8, South in 10 fathoms of water with 45 fathoms of chain to starboard anchor. 0447 Anchor hove short. 0500 Underway at various courses and speeds for degaussing runs. 0515 Passed under S.F. Bay bridge. 0620 K.E. Dornstretch of Degaussing Station came aboard for degassing runs. 1152 Completed degaussing runs.

1245 Commenced compensating compasses. 1250 Crew aboard to check aft gun mounts. 1441 Crew checking 40MM guns aft went ashore. 1558 Completed compensating compasses.

1621 Anchored in San Francisco Bay, California, anchorage 8 in 8 fathoms of water with 45 fathoms of chain.



24 July 1943

Anchored as before. 0726 Underway from anchorage. 0800 Steaming as before, calibrating Radio Direction Finder. 1147 Ship's number 2 boat left on ship's business.

1854 Secured from calibrating R.D.F. 1937 Anchored with 45 fathoms of chain in 10 fathoms.



25 July 1943

Anchored in berth 12, San Francisco Bay, California. 1007 Underway. 1028 U.S.S. K-25 reported for duty as escort. 1043 Passed through San Francisco Bay entrance net. On various courses conforming to channel enroute to San Diego.

1300 Started zigzaging base course 196 PGC, 194 T., Plane no. 8. 1459 General Quarters sounded. 1515 Commenced structural and test fire of all ships guns.

1605 Shifted steering control to steering engine room. 1615 Shifted steering control to pilot house. 1617 Shifted steering control to after conning station. 1627 Shifted steering to pilot house. 1825 Completed structural and test firing of guns. Excessive vibration note in 40 MM aft port side mount and aft starboard side mount. Elective firing circuit on left guns, and manual fire key on right gun of #2 40 MM guard inoperative. Ammunition expended 4 rounds 5" A.A., 120 rounds 40 MM, 960 rounds 20 MM.

2000 Steaming as before on base course 138T. Zigzagging on plan 8.



26 July 1943

Steaming independently enroute San Francisco to San Diego on course 148 T. Ship darkened. Conducting steady steaming runs.

0600 Commenced running zigzag plan #8. 0530 Sounded General Quarters. 0610 Secured from General Quarters. Continue to pump ballast tanks. 1500 Blimp sighted at 28 relative at distance of 18000 yards. Continued to zigzag on plan 8, changing base course frequently. 1757 Radar reports object 20000 yards 333 relative identified as blimp. Changed standard speed to 125 RPM and to 135 RPM. Continued to pump ballast tanks.



27 July 1943

Steaming between San Francisco and San Diego. Speed 10 knots. Ship in darkened condition 2 mike watch is set. 0057 Target reported by radar bearing 320 relative, range 16,800 yards. 0240 Radar lost contact with target. 2310 Sighted light bearing 274 (T). 2330 Passed light on our port beam at 3,000 yards. 0330 Sighted light bearing 295 (T). 2333 Target spotted on radar relative bearing 359 range 4,800 yards.

0628 Commenced sounding fog signal, s/s to stop. 0630 s/s to slow ahead. 0706 Maneuvering at various courses and speeds through heavy fog to find channel. 0745 Anchored with 60 fathoms of chain to stbd. anchor.

0900 Underway at entrance to channel San Diego. 0929 Passed through net. 0957 Pilot aboard. 1031 Moored to buoy 30.

1853 Underway from buoy #30 San Diego Harbor, California on various courses at various speeds conforming with channel. 1940 Passed through submarine next. 1947 Passed thru second submarine net. 1459 Passed channel buoy #35D abeam to starboard at 200 yards. 1954 Pilot C.T. Larson left the ship.



28 July 1943

Steaming at 75 RPM on course 305 PGC. Both boilers on the line, darkened ship. Condition 2 M set. 0020 Changed course to 315 PGC. Various small ships reported by radar. None sighted.

0620 Commenced zigzagging. 0530 General Quarters sounded. 0610 Secure from General Quarters.

Steaming various courses and speeds. 1150 Sighted Santa Catalina Island bearing 063 on north edge, distance six miles.

Steaming various courses and speeds to enter channel. 1415 Lt. H.R. Scranton, Pilot, came aboard. 1450 Anchored with 45 fathoms of chain to stbd. anchor in San Pedro Harbor, anchorage A-4.



29 July 1943

Anchored in berth Able Four, San Pedro Harbor. 0617 Underway from anchorage on various courses conforming to channel. Captain at conn. 0640 Pilot aboard. 0652 Passed through San Pedro entrance breakwater. 0701 Pilot left ship. Proceeded for standardization runs.

Various courses and speeds conforming to channel. Proceeding to run standardization runs. 0920 Commenced ballasting. 1050 Completed ballasting. Standardization runs conducted off Point Vicente.

1726 Completed standardization runs. 1820 San Pedro Harbor entrance channel abeam.

1847 Passed through San Pedro harbor entrance net. 1907 Anchored San Pedro Harbor, anchorage A6 with port anchor in use with 45 fathoms of chain in 6 fathoms .



30 July 1943

Anchored as before, berth A6, SAN PEDRO HARBOR, CALIFORNIA with 45 fathoms of chain on port anchor. Ship is darkened except for anchor lights and aircraft warning lights.

1401 Underway on various courses and speeds conforming with channel. 1422 Passed through entrance to SAN PEDRO Harbor. Passed harbor buoys.

2000 Steaming independently on course 144 true, standard speed 8 kts., 100 RPM. Ship darkened, condition watch 2 mike set. 2355 Exchanged call signals with patrol craft 1007, distance 2000 yards.



31 July 1943

Steaming independently at 8 kts. on course 144 (T) enroute to San Diego.

Various course and speed changes. 0530 General Quarters. 0602 Secured from General Quarters. 0629 Stopped all engines. 0711 Passed through anti-Torpedo next San Diego Harbor. O716 Pilot aboard. 0717 Pilot at conn. 0737 Tug YT148 alongside. 0755 Moored to Navy Pier #3, San Diego.

0811 YT148 cast off. 0822 Moored port side to Navy Pier #3. 0825 Secured special sea detail.

1500 Commenced making preparation for getting underway. 1607 Got underway from Navy Pier #3, San Diego, California to Pier 2, Destroyer Base, San Diego, California. Pilot H. Krog at con. Three tugs assisting. 1705 First tug left. 1710 Forward tug cast off. 1716 Moored to Pier #2, Des. Base, San Diego, California. 1746 Secured special sea detail.



1 August 1943

Moored as before. Receiving fresh water and telephone service.



2 August 1943

Moored starboard side to pier 2, Destroyer Base, San Diego, California. 0700 Commenced ballasting ship in preparation for receiving L.C.M.'s in dock. 0830 Completed ballasting. Mean depth of water in well deck 5'6". 0900 Commenced unballasting. 0908 LCM's 23 and 24 came into well deck under own power, stopped engines and tied up amidships. 0940 Commenced raising stern gate. 0950 Stern gate closed and secured. 1019 Keels of LCM's resting on well deck. 1020 Lit off both boilers. 1055 Tug YT 148 alongside, pilot aboard. 1120 completed unballasting.

1205 Underway at various courses and speeds out of channel. 1213 Tug cast off. 1313 Pilot ashore. 1525 Commenced ballasting. 1545 Completed ballasting.

1620 Changed standard speed to full 140 RPM, half 90 RPM, slow 60 RPM. 1657 All engines stopped. 1701 Lowered stern gate. 1710 Power boat SC came along starboard side. 1714 The following Marine Corps personnel came aboard from power boat SC: LT. Col Davis, Lt. Col. Wilson, LT. Col. Sessing, Comdr. Baster, Lt. Comdr. Lafting, Lt. Comdr. Prifold, Capt. McRaynold, Lt. Styles, Sarg. Roades, Pvt. Walker. 1720 Commenced Ballasting. 1731 First LVTA-2 came aboard. 1734 Second LVTA-2 came aboard. 1736 Second LVTA-2 disembarked. 1740 First LVTA disembarked.

1745 Manned all ballasting stations, for unballasting, closed stern gate. 1750 Power boat left ship with Marine Corps personnel. 1751 Both engines ahead slow. 1815 Commenced unballasting. 1857 Completed unballasting. 1900 Secured all engines from unballasting, draft aft 19 1/2". 1907 Both engines ahead one half. 1916 Commenced zigzag course, diagram #7. 1930 Held quarters for muster, absentees: Sloan, R.G. S2c. 2000 USS K-20, Navy Blimp secured.

Course 245 PGC. Because of lights sighted and radar contacts 2145 changed course to 180 PGC. 2205 Resumed basic course 245 PGC. Because of lights sighted and radar contact 2225 changed course to 270 2227 Resumed course 245 PGC.



3 August 1943

Record of this day missing.



4 August 1943

Steaming independently on east and west courses in Area 8MM, standard speed 90 RPM 6.8 kts., ship darkened, condition 2 Mike set.

0530 General Quarters. 0600 Secured General Quarters. 0701 Commenced ballasting. 0731 Stern gate lowered three (3) feet. 0736 Secured ballasting with 5 feet of water in well deck. 0841 Changed speed to 4.4 kts.

0800 Lowered stern gate completely. 0952 Stbd. LCM cast off from well deck. 0958 Port LCM cast off from well deck. 1005 Stbd. LCM pulled into well deck. 1009 Stbd. LCM cast off. 1011 Stbd. LCM pulled into well deck. 1012 Stbd. LCM cast off. 1014 Stbd. LCM taken into well deck and secured. 1025 Port LCM taken into well deck and secured. 1026 Commenced unballasting. 1059 Closed stern gate. 1131 Completed unballasting.

Commenced gunnery exercises. 1316 Commenced firing on sleeve towed by plane. Sixteen runs made. All 20MM, all 40MM & 5' guns were fired. 1442 Completed gunnery exercises. 1445 Full right rudder. S/S to slow. 1446 S/s to back slow. 1447 S/s to back one half. S/s to back full. Full left rudder. 1434 S/s to ahead full. 1458 S/s to ahead one half. 1459 S/s ahead slow. 1502 S/s ahead full.

Steaming as before. Various course changes and speed changes.



5 August 1943

Steaming independently on course 131 PGC, both boilers in use at 115 RPM, in area MIKE 12 off south eastern end of San Clemente Island.

0706 Commenced ballasting. 0745 Completed ballasting, 4 1/2 ft. water over stern gate. 0750 Commenced ballasting. 0755 Forward LCM cast off from well deck. 0823 Forward LCM pulled into well deck. 0830 After LCM cast off from well deck. 0842 After LCM pulled into well deck. 0843 Raised stern gate. 0853 Commenced unballasting. 0918 Changed course to 120 PGC. 0922 Ahead both engines full, standard speed 180 RPM. 0925 Secured stern gate. 1012 Secured ballast control. 1025 All sea valves secured.

(Speed and course changes made preparatory for gunnery exercises. JB) 1248 Commenced maneuvering in preparation for gunnery exercises. 1340 Sounded general quarters. 1345 Commenced gunnery exercises. 1530 completed gunnery exercises, ammunition expended 16 rounds 5", 96 rounds 40MM, no casualties. 1530 Secured general quarters.

1616 Cut in degaussing. Steaming on various courses and speeds conforming to channel, Captain at Conn. 1654 Secured radar. 1832 Secured degaussing. Tug YT-133 alongside, 1827 Tug YMT.3 alongside. 1842 Moored port side to pier #2 south side after end Destroyer Base, San Diego, Cal, with the following lines in use 1" wire bow line; 2 springs 3 parts 9" manila; 2 after springs 3 part 9" manila; 1" wire stern line. 1901 YMT3 cast off. YT133 cast off.



6 August 1943

Moored as before. Receiving steam, electricity, fresh and salt water, telephone services from the dock.



7 August 1943

Moored as before. 1900 Commenced taking ammunition aboard. 2035 Completed taking ammunition aboard. Received 40 rounds 5"/38 cal; 1260 rounds tracer 20MM, 2340 rounds incendiary 20MM, 1400 rounds 40MM AA.



8 August 1943

Moored port side to south side of pier 2, Destroyer Base, San Diego, California. No remarks.



9 August 1943

Moored as before. 1227 Received 47,722 gals. of fuel oil from barge from N.S.D. San Diego, California. 1608 Completed taking on oil. 1625 Diesel oil barge #9 left ship.



10 August 1943

Moored port side to south side of Pier #2 Destroyer Base San Diego, California. 0735 Commenced ballasting.

0834 Cast off after LCM. 0835 Ceased ballasting. 0837 Cast off after LCM. 0853 Commenced receiving the following LCM's: (Numbers of 14 LCM's listed here. JB)

0900 Steering room reported flooding from C-425-W. 1005 Waters reported pumped out of steering room. 1030 Completed receipt of LCM's. 1030 Commenced unballasting.

1600 Completed unballasting ship. Draft forward 15'5", aft 15'9".



11 August 1943

Moored port side to south side of pier 2, Destroyer Base, San Diego.

1445 Pilot Larsen came aboard. 1446 Secured all services form the dock. Draft before getting underway 15'5" forward, 16'6" aft.

1450 YMT Marquita came along starboard side. 1453 All lines singled up. 1503 Removed gangway from ship. 1505 All lines cast off. 1507 Both anchors ready for letting go. 1507 Received lines from YMT3. 1510 YMT# cast off, YMT Marquita cast off. 1510 Steaming on various courses and speeds, Pilot at conn. 1525 Buoy N10 abeam to port. 1607 Passed through anti-torpedo next. 1617 passed through anti-submarine net. 1619 Escort K20 reported for duty. 1620 Secured both anchors for sea. 1621 Pilot, J.L. Larson left ship. 1622 Secured special sea detail. 1625 Standard speed 175 RPM. 1640 Watch set on all guns. 1715 Commenced zigzagging in accordance with diagram no. 8, base course 259

1742 degaussing gear secured. 1900 Abandon ship drill. 1950 secured from abandon ship drill. 2122 Four (4) planes sighted. 2330 Escort vessel secured in accordance with plan.



12 August 1943

Steaming independently enroute from San Diego to PEARL HARBOR. Zigzagging according to plan #8, base course 259T, speed 175 RPM, 14.4 kts.

1540 Sighted ship, bearing 330 relative at 29000 yards. 1830 Set ship's clock back one half hour to conform with +7.5 zone time.



13 August 1943

Steaming independently enroute from San Diego to PEARL HARBOR using zigzag plan no. 8, base course 270 PGC and T, speed 175 RPM, 14.4 kts., ship in darkened, condition 2 Mike watches set. 0113 Starboard engine room reports port mechanical counter out of order. 0339 Changed from port telemotor to starboard telemotor.

0459 Object reported contacted by radar bearing 170 relative at 2000 yards. 0545 General quarters. 0615 Secured general quarters.

0845 Switched steering to steering engine room. 0855 Switched steering to pilot house. 0940 Sighted ship bearing 210 relative. C/c base course to 250 1048 Switched steering to steering engine room. 1106 Switched steering to pilot house. 1152 Unidentified object sighted on horizon bearing 260 relative.

1214 Sighted unidentified object bearing 045 T. 1220 Sighted unidentified object bearing 035 T. 1227 Shifted steering control to steering engine room. 1236 Shifted steering control to bridge. 1359 C/c to 210 T. 1400 C/s to stop port engine, ahead 1/2 starboard engine. 1401 C/c to 200 T. 1410 Port engine ahead 1/2. 1411 Test fired #4 20MM 5 rounds. 1412 C/s to full, c/c to 250T. 1423 Shifted steering control to steering engine room. 1436 shifted steering to bridge. 1504 C/s to 1/2. 1510 C/s to slow. 1512 C/s to stop. 1516 C/s to slow ahead, 1519 c/s to 1/2, 1523 c/c to full.

1608 Shifted to trick wheel in after steering engine room. 1615 Shifted steering to pilot house. 1618 Port mechanical counted report out of commission. 1730 All "Y" doors reported closed. 1755 Shifted steering to after steering room. 1801 Shifted steering back to pilot house. 1902 Secured power on 40MM guns. 1830 All clocks retarded 1/2 hour to +8 time zone. 1855 All hands mustered at abandon ship stations with life jackets. 1915 Secured from abandon ship. 1927 Ship darkened.

1949 Shifted steering to wheel in after steering engine room. 1956 Shifted steering to pilot house. 2217 shifted steering to after steering engine room. 2226 Shifted steering to pilot house.



14 August 1943

Steaming independently on base course 250(T) zigzag diagram number 8, speed 175 RPM, 14.4 kts. Both boilers in use. Ship blacked out. 0050 Shifted steering to steering engine room. 0100 Shifted steering to pilot house. 0245 Unidentified object reported by radar bearing 340 R. at 3000 yards. 0302 Shifted steering to steering engine room. 0315 Shifted steering to pilot house.

0405 Shifted steering control to steering engine room. 0415 Shifted steering control to bridge. 0554 Test fired #4 20 MM gun. 0625 Shifted steering control to steering engine room. 0645 Shifted steering control to bridge.

1020 Shifted to port telemotor. 1200 changed standard speed to 165 RPM. 1630 Shifted steering control to steering engine room. (Shifting of steering control continued until 2357. JB)



15 August 1943

Steaming independently using zigzag plan #8 on base course 250 PGC, 250(T), at 165 RPM, 13 knots enroute to PEARL HARBOR. Ship darkened, condition 1 Mike and Material Condition Yoke set.

0420 Shifted steering control to trick wheel. 0443 shifted steering to pilot house. 0545 Sounded General Quarters. 0547 Fired #8 - 20 MM test fire. 0600 Shifted steering control to after conn. 0605 Shifted steering control to trick wheel. 0615 shifted steering control to after conn. 0617 Secured from General Quarters. 0700 Test siren and whistle. 0717 shifted steering control to trick wheel. 0723 shifted steering control to pilot house.

0800 - 1600 (Entire day spent shifting steering control. JB)



16 August 1943

Steaming independently at 13 kts, 165 RPM, on base course 250 T, zigzag plan #8 enroute to PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Ship darkened and material condition Yoke set.

0530 Sounded General Quarters. 0531 Test fire 8 rounds on #8 20MM gun. 0600 All hands mustered at abandon ship stations. 0615 Secured from abandon ship stations. General quarters stations. 0617 Secured fro General Quarters, set condition 3 Mike.

1012 Commenced practice firing 20MM guns #11, 13, 15. 1043 Completed practice firing. Ammunition expended 340 rounds.

1440 Commenced gunnery exercises guns #5 & 7 20MM and crews of guns 5-6-7-8. 1515 Conducted gunnery exercises, rounds expended 205 - no casualties.

2309 Sighted plane on port beam on course approximately 095



17 August 1943

Steaming independently, San Diego to PEARL HARBOR using zigzag plan #1 on base course 248T & PGC. at 160 RPM, 13 kts. Ship darkened. Condition 2 Mike and material condition Yoke set.

0545 Sounded General Quarters. 0547 Fired 3 rounds #15 20MM. 0615 Secured from General Quarters.

1400 Changed zigzag plan to #4. 1444 Cut in power on #2 40MM motors for drill purposes. 1540 Secured power on #2 40MM motor.



18 August 1943

Steaming independently en route San Diego to PEARL HARBOR 150 RPM, 12.2 knots on base course 248 T. with zigzag plan 4. Ship darkened, condition 2M set.

0545 Sounded general quarters. 0546 Fired #15 20MM, 3 rounds. 0607 Secured from general quarters.

1100 Commenced practice firing 20MM #11-13. 1114 Ceased practice firing. Ammunition expended 180 rounds.

1454 Commenced gunnery exercises on #1 40MM gun. 1510 Concluded 40MM exercises. Expended 156 rounds. No casualties. 1555 Commenced practice fire 5"/38 cal. gun. 1557 Concluded 5" gun exercises. Expended 5 rounds. No casualties.



19 August 1943

Steaming independently en route San Diego to PEARL HARBOR, T.H.

0545 General Quarters. 1047 Fired #7-20MM. 0615 Sighted land (Malohi Island) bearing 300 R. 0620 Secured from General Quarters. 0637 Sighted C-597 and exchanged calls. 0712 Sighted patrol plane, 180 T.

0924 Ceased zigzaging. 0946 Commenced steering various courses to enter channel. 1102 Moored port side to berth 24 PEARL HARBOR Navy Yard.



20 August 1943

Moored port side to berth #24 PEARL HARBOR, T.H. 1255 Pilot, R.L. Green came aboard. 1257 Yard tugs 146 (Hoya) and 119 (Geroninour) came alongside. 1307 Got underway from berth 24. 1342 Moored starboard side to "Merrys' Point" dock with the following lines in use..............1355 YT 119 cast off, Pilot R.L. Green left ship. 1358 YT 146 cast off. 1440 Commenced taking fuel aboard.

1650 Finished fueling ship, Received 136,206 gals.



21 August 1943

Moored starboard side to berth M-4 Merry's Point Dock, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Port boiler in use for auxiliary purposes. Receiving telephone services from dock.

Completed taking stores aboard from US NV Supply Dept., PEARL HARBOR, T.H. under invoices #.............

The following named men under orders of temporary duty. (See affixed list).



22 August 1943

Moored starboard side to pier M-4, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. using port boiler for auxiliary purposes and receiving telephone service from the dock.



23 August 1943

Moored starboard side to Merry's Point dock, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. 0604 Commenced ballasting ship. 0809 Completed ballasting. 0825 Commenced taking LCM's. 0940 Commenced unballasting. 1035 Boats forward of gate resting on dock. 1035 13 LCM's, 2 LVP's aboard.

1300 Commenced taking diesel oil aboard. 1410 Completed taking diesel aboard. Received (132 tons) 1,011 bbls. Draft forward 15 ft, aft 19 ft. 1346 Completed unballasting.

1630 Commenced taking aboard four LCVP, one SB, one duck, one surf boat. 1930 Completed taking on above boats.



24 August 1943

Moored starboard side to Merry's Point dock, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Starboard boiler in use for auxiliary purposes.

Pursuant orders of Commandant 14th Naval District dated August 24, 1943, Pea, Rene Levi, BM1c 603-95-05 USNR reported aboard for temporary duty with records.



25 August 1943

Moored starboard side to M-4, Navy Yard, PEARL HARBOR, T.H.

0800 All departments reported ready to get underway. 0855 Underway on various courses and speeds leaving PEARL HARBOR on orders of Commander Task Group 11. 0931 Exercises all hands at general quarters. 1048 Commenced practice firing on towed sleeves. 1100 Commenced zigzagging on plan #8. 1120 Completed practice firing, expended 380 rounds 20 MM, 120 rounds 40 MM. 1140 Secured from general quarters.

(Several course and speed changes were made during the day. JB)

1356 Fired 1 round practice firing 5" gun. 1400 Time changed. Set back 1 1/2 hours. 1233 Commenced practice fire 5" gun. 1255 Completed firing - 3 rounds expended.



26 August 1943

Steaming in company with Task Force 11, standard speed 13 kts, 163 RPM. Taking guide on USS President Taylor. Ship darkened, condition 2 Mike and Yoke set. Zigzagging in accordance of zigzag diagram 11. Radar not in operation.

Steaming as before. Changed speeds and courses to keep station.

1918 Commenced watch on radar. 1925 Commenced zigzaging in accordance with diagram #8.



27 August 1943

Steaming as before with Task Force 11, enroute PEARL HARBOR to BAKER ISLAND, standard speed 13 kts, 165 RPM, on base course 220 PGC. Ship darkened, condition 2 Mike and material condition Yoke set. Zigzagging in accordance with plan #8 with adjustments of speed as necessary to keep station.

1100 Commenced using zigzag plan 39Z.



28 August 1943

Steaming as before with Task Force 11, from PEARL HARBOR to BAKER ISLAND. Standard speed 13 kts, base course 220 PGC usingzigzag plan 39Z. Ship darkened, condition 2M and material condition Y set.

At 0915 ceased zigzagging and commenced simple maneuvers using T.B.Y. equipment. At 0955 resumed zigzag.

2300 Base course changed to 210



29 August 1943

Steaming in company with Task Force 11 from PEARL HARBOR to BAKER ISLAND at 13 knots on base course 210 PGC using zigzag plan 39Z. Ship darkened, condition 2 Mike set and material condition Y.

0530 Called all hands to general quarters. 0605 Secured from general quarters.

Steaming as before. (Courses and speeds changed during the day. No other remarks. JB)



30 August 1943

At sea steaming in company with Task Force 11 enroute PEARL HARBOR, T.H. to BAKER ISLAND.

0708 Changed formation guide to U.S.S. Bellewood. 0710 Changed standard speed to 12 knots.

0847 ASHLAND designated as force guide. 0900 DD-545 Bradford alongside. Secured line to DD-545. 0921 Commenced pumping fuel. 1120 Completed pumping fuel - total 29,545 gals pumped. 1130 DD-545 cast off all lines. 1155 Line secured to DD-512 Spence.

1216 Commenced pumping fuel to Spence. 1435 Completed fueling Spence, 27,576 gals discharged. 1448 Cast off all lines from Spence. 1537 Commenced zigzagging on plan 39.



31 August 1943

Steaming in company with Task Force 11 enroute PEARL HARBOR to BAKER ISLAND, standard speed 13 kts., 170 RPM on base course 260 T. Ship darkened, 2 Mike and Y set. Cruising formation #1

0545 Called all hands to general quarters. 0623 Secured from general quarters. 0640 Sighted ship 255 (T) 27,000 yards dist. 0650 Ceased zigzagging. Changed base course to 230 (T). 0704 Commenced zigzagging on plan 5. 0727 Ceased zigzagging.

20-24 Steaming as before. 2130 changed base course to 280 T, 281 PGC. 2230 changed base course to 250 T, 251 PGC.





1 September 1943

At sea, enroute PEARL HARBOR, T.H. to BAKER ISLAND, steaming in company with Task Force 11 on base course 215 (T), 216 PGC, speed 9.5 knots, 120 RPM, zigzagging to plan number 11Z. Ships darkened with condition II Mike and material condition Yoke set.

0600 General Quarters. 0610 Ceased. 0605 Sighted BAKER ISLAND bearing 310, distance 9 miles. Various speeds and courses. 0702 Proceeding independently by orders of CTF 11. Various courses and speeds to being ship into position to ballast down. 0726 Commenced ballasting down stern. 0737 LCVP #20 hoisted out with starboard crane. 0747 Surf Boat #2 hoisted out. 0756 Whale boat hoisted out. 0808 LCVP #17 hoisted out.

0812 Stern gate opened. 0821 LCM's 1, 4 & 5 left dock. 0822 Cables on stern gate broke. 0834 LCM #2 left dock. 0847 Commenced unballasting due to load in LCM #7 shifting. 0850 Crane on LCM #7 knocked railing away on starboard side of dock between frames 90 and 95. 0857 LCM #6 left dock.

Steaming as before on various courses and speeds off BAKER ISLAND. 0940 Secured from General Quarters. 1144 Completed unballasting.



2 September 1943

Steaming at various courses and speeds off BAKER ISLAND. Standard speed 90 RPM. Ship darkened condition 2 Mike and material condition Y set.

0630 Commenced work on repairing stern gate hoisting gear. 1203 Stopped ballasting. 1208 Started unballasting. 1230 Chains on stern gate broke. 1357 Stopped unballasting.

1745 LCVP 9 hoisted out of well deck. 1750 LCVP 9 cast off. 1803 LCVP 18 hoisted out of well deck. 1808 LCVP 18 cast off. 1825 LCM 16 alongside. 1829 LCM 16 cast off. 1832 Tow line secured from stern to LCM 16. 1840 Commenced fueling LCM 16. 1900 Continued hoisting ships starboard boat. 1903. Ships starboard boat cast off.



3 September 1943

Underway in transport area west of BAKER ISLAND maintaining steerageway and position about three miles west of island, ship darkened with condition II Mike and material condition Yoke set.

0600 Dawn General Quarters. 0634 Secured from General Quarters. 0700 Commander Coleman and Lt. Comdr. Caughy returned aboard ship from Hercules. 0720 Commenced fueling #8 LCM astern.

(0750 to 1137 Fueling LCM's and LCVP's. JB)

1137 LCM cast off with load of wire mesh. 1201 Surf Boat #2 completed fueling and came alongside to port to load. 1246 SB2 completed loading and cast off. 1255 Secured gun watches to expedite undocking of remaining craft in the well deck.

1300 Enemy aircraft reported bearing 270 (T). Sounded General Quarters. 1432 Secured from General Quarters. 1435 Commenced unballasting. 1531 launched LCM #7. 1533 Launched DUWK. 1549 Launched LCM 12.

AT 1604 ceased ballasting. 1607 launched alligator #1. 1608 Launched LCM #14. 1611 Commenced unballasting ship. 1614 Launched Alligator #2. 1628 Shifted to starboard telemotor. 1819 Completed unballasting, mean draft 15'8". 1849 Sunset, darkened ship, set condition II mike and material condition Yoke. 1912 LCM #1 came alongside. 2010 LCM #1 boat cast off from alongside ship. 2027 changed standard speed to 140 RPM, changed course to 110 T. 2045 Commenced zigzagging diagram no 39.



4 September 1943

Steaming independently on base course 110 PGC, at speed 140 RPM. Ship darkened. Condition 2M. Zigzag plan 39 in use. Stern gate hoisting apparatus disabled.

0600 Exercised all hands at general quarters. Ceased zigzagging. 0602 c/c to 090 PGC. 0608 Commenced steering various courses at various speeds to lie off of island. 0633 Secured from general quarters. 0716 #16 LCM alongside. 0751 #16 LCM cast off, taking Comdr. Coleman ashore.

0825 LCM9 came alongside to take one welding machine ashore. LCM9 cast off. LCM7 came alongside. 0913 LCM3 came alongside for fueling. 0937 LCM3 finished fueling and started embarking LCM spare parts, crews and baggage for transfer. 1005 Commenced ballasting ship to give list to port. 1029 LCM 3 & 7 cast off. 1038 Secured radar. Dukw came alongside with injured man. 1044 Dukw cast off. 1045 LCM12 alongside for remaining LCM crews and material. 1100 Completed ballasting. 1118 LCM9 came alongside & delivered mail.

1322 LCM9 cast off. 1350 Set base course of 100T at 150 RPM. 1353 BAKER ISLAND light abeam to port at 3000 yards. 1430 Commenced zigzagging according to plan 11. 1431 Commenced ballasting starboard side and unballasting port side. 1433 Changed standard speed to 165 RPM. 1436 Set condition 2M, gun watches. 1501 Changed S/S to 170 RPM. 1548 Secured TBY Radioman on watch. 1554 Ceased zigzaging and resumed base course.

Steamed various courses and speeds. 1732 Commenced raising stern gate. 1736 Resumed course 100 PGC & T. 1806 Commenced zigzag in accordance with plan #11. 1809 Sighted on convey on bearing 040 T. 2 Aircrafts, cruisers, two destroyers, one tanker. 1918 Stern gate raised and in place.

2100 S/S to 125 RPM, 10 kts. 2100 Crossed equator.



5 September 1943

At sea, enroute BAKER ISLAND to Canton Island, steaming independently, using zigzag plan 11 on base course 100 PGC & T, at standard speed 10 kts, 125 RPM. Ship darkened with conditions 2M and Yoke set.

0600 General Quarters. 0630 Secured from General Quarters, set condition 2M. 0705 Changed standard speed to 150 RPM.

Steaming as before. 2130 changed course to 134 True, 135 PGC. Changed speed to 135 RPM.



6 September 1943

Steaming independently on base course 135 PGC, enroute BAKER ISLAND to Canton Island. Standard speed 10 kts, 135 RPM, zigzag plan #11 in use. Ship darkened. Condition 2 Mike and Yoke set. Radar out of commission.

0529 Sighted four lights at Canton Island. 0545 Exercised all hands at General Quarters. 0618 Secured from General Quarters. 0630 Ceased zigzagging. 0652 Commenced steering various courses at various speeds to come to anchor. 0724 Anchored with 90 fathoms of chain to port anchor in 26 fathoms of water off Canton Island.

0815 Underway. 0817 Boat alongside with Lt. Comdr. R. Murray USNR. 0837 LT. Comdr. Murray, USNR left ship. 0840 Put both engines in standby status and secured special sea detail. 0925 Went ahead at 140 RPM on course 160 PGC & T. 1007 Changed course to 340 PGC & T. 1030 Using various courses to remain in vicinity of entrance to Canton Island lagoon.

1205 Set Special Sea Detail. 1206 Pilot, Lt. Comdr. R. Murray came aboard. 1236 Entered Drugged channel. 1245 Moored put side to dock, Canton Island. 1257 Secured main engines. 1258 Secured Special Sea Detail. 1404 Pilot left ship.

1424 House, W.E. S2c, transferred to Army Dispensary Canton Island for further transfer by plane to Naval Hospital PEARL HARBOR, T.H. 1520 Commenced receiving Diesel oil from dock. 1530 Commenced receiving fuel oil from dock. 1600 Completed taking aboard diesel oil. Received 4000 gal.

1805 Received aboard one LCM. 2000 Moored as before. Continuing to receive oil aboard. Ship in modified darkened condition.



7 September 1943

Moored port side to new dock, Canton Island, with 3 parts 9" manila bow lines and 3 parts manila stern lines. Ship in modified darkened condition receiving bunker fuel from dock.

0615 Completed taking on fuel oil. Received 68,000 gal. fuel oil. Draft 14' forward, 18' aft. 0755 stationed Special Sea Detail. 0707 Lt. Comdr. R. Murry, Pilot, came aboard. 0726 Tugs #91 and Major Henery James Downer came starboard side. 0731 Underway steering various courses and speeds from clearing dredge channel. Pilot at the conn. 0751 Secured from sea detail, anchor secured for sea. 0755 Pilot left ship. 0758 Steaming on course 320 PGC at 170 RPM.

Steaming as before. 0806 commenced zigzagging, plan #11 in use. 0830 Condition 2 Mike set. (Various course & speed changes made. Steering shifted several times. JB) 1835 Darkened ship.



8 September 1943

Steaming independently on base course 288 PGC at 175 RPM, 14 kts onzigzag plan 11, enroute Canton Island to BAKER ISLAND, ship darkened condition, 2 Mike and Yoke set. Steaming on boilers #1 and #2.

0600 Dawn General Quarters. 0630 Secured from General Quarters. 0740 Sighted BAKER ISLAND light on port bow. 0745 Ceased zigzag. C/c to 295 Resumed zigzag plan 11.

0812 Ceased zigzag. 0815 Commenced ballasting. 0822 Shifted to port telemotor. 0832 Steering various courses & speeds coming into transport area BAKER ISLAND. 0837 Secured all gun watches. 1026 Completed ballasting to 23 1/2 ft. forward, 24 ft. aft. 1030 LCM #23 hoisted out. 1040 LCT 23 cast off. 1048 Secured ballast control room.

1242 DUKW alongside with LCM #1 in two. 1304 DUKW cast off. 1328 LCM #1 hoisted aboard for repairs. 1502 DUKW alongside with LCM #9 in tow. 1513 DUKW cast off. 1530 LCM #9 hoisted aboard for repairs. 1535 DUKW alongside with LCM #16 in two. 1545 Sounded General Quarters/ 1547 Cast off LCM #16.

1620 Secured from General Quarters. 1643 LCM#16 alongside. 1647 DUKW alongside. 1652 DUKW cast off. 1711 Hoisted LCM#16 into dock with port crane. 1727 Called all hands to General Quarters. 1739 Secured from general quarters. 1747 LCM#14 alongside. 1847 Hoisted LCM#14 into dock with port crane.

2000 Various headings at various speeds maintaining position about 2 miles west of BAKER ISLAND. At 2112 went ahead at 90 RPM on course 135 PGC to take station for the night.



9 September 1943

Steaming at 60 RPM on course 090 PGC and course 270 PGC alternately off BAKER ISLAND. Ballasted down 23 1/2 ft forward and 24 ft. aft. LCMs 1-9-14-16 in dock under repairs. Condition 2 Mike set on all guns. Ship darkened. Condition Yoke set. 0017 Fuel oil meter in both firerooms not working.

0600 Dawn General Quarters. 0615 Secured from General Quarters.

1045 LCVP in tow of SB2 alongside, ships #2 welding machine hoisted aboard. 1040 LT. Comdr. W.A. Caughey commenced a deck court to try the case of Foster, Q.Q. Jr., 721-65-50 StM1c USNR. 1045 Deck Court adjourned. 1114 LCM #23 alongside. 1118 P.J. Hodgetts, ??, 3916 3538, USA reported aboard for temp. duty from CTF11.

1228 SB 2 and LCM 18 cast off. 1250 LCM 23 cast off. 1359 LCM 8 alongside for mail. 1414 LCM 8 cast off. 1415 DUKW alongside to deliver batteries. 1435 DUKW cast off. 1542 YMS288 alongside for mail.

1628 YMS 228 cast off. 1700 Set condition "Y". 1837 SB #@ came along port side to receive mail. 1846 Salvage Boat #2 shoved off with mail. 1847 Darkened ship. 1932 Set condition Mike gun watches.



10 September 1943

Steaming independently at various courses and speeds to remain in transport area off BAKER ISLAND. Ship darkened, cond. 2M and Y set.

0600 Dawn General Quarters. 0621 Secured from General Quarters. Secured radar. 0753 Hoisted out LCM #4. 0834 Hoisted out LCM #9. 0845 LCM #12 came along port side to fuel. 0902 Completed fueling LCM #12. 0903 Salvage Boat #2 came along port side to fuel. 0908 Completed fueling SB#2. 0910 Shifted to port telemotor. 0947 Hoisted out LCM #1. 0942 LCM #7 came along port side to fuel. 1001 Completed fueling LCM #7. 1003 LCM #3 came alongside port side to fuel. 1023 Completed fueling LCM #3. 1049 Received LCM #10 along starboard side towed by Salvage Boat #2. 1150 Lt. Lesher, U.S. Army came aboard from LCM #10. 1112 LCM #8 came along port side to refuel. 1130 Hoisted in LCM #10. 1154 LCM #8 completed refueling.

1324 LCM #4 alongside. 1444 LCM #4 hoisted in. 1507 Steering control on bridge shifted to after steering trick wheel. 1517 Shifted steering control to bridge.

1635 SB #2 & LCVP #22 alongside. 1653 Hoisted LCVP #22 into port boat skids. 1653 P.J. Hodgettes left ship. Duty completed. SB #2 cast off. 1730 LCM #1 alongside. 1749 YMS 288 alongside, received one sack mail, YMS 288 cast off. 1823 LCM #1 cast off. 1846 Ship darkened.

2016 SB #2 came alongside and took completed repair work for YMS 103. SB#2 cast off.



11 September 1943

Maneuvering on various courses at one third speed to the southwest of BAKER ISLAND. Ship darkened. Condition Two Mike and Yoke set.

0600 Dawn General Quarters. 0620 Secured General Quarters. 0600 Starboard engine fuel oil meter out of commission. 0749 LCM #4 hoisted out. 0850 Hoisted out LCM #16. 0857 LCM #16 cast off. 1003 LCM #12 alongside. 1040 Hoisted in LCM #12. 1043 LCM #14 alongside. 1048 DUKW alongside. 1112 Hoisted in LCM #4. 1120 DUKW cast off.

1221 S.B. #2 alongside for fueling. 1240 S.B. #2 cast off taking C.O. to Hercules. 1313 S.B. #2 alongside. 1337 S.B. #2 cast off. 1433 Hoisted in LCM 23. 1457 LCM #13 alongside for fueling. 1519 LCM #13 cast off. 1530 LCM #16 alongside with relief crew. 1532 LCM #16 cast off. 1543 LCM #4 alongside, C.O. returned.

1700 Set condition Yoke. 1757 LCM #12 hoisted out. 1843 LCVP #17 hoisted into well dec. 1846 Darkened ship. 1902 LCVP 19 hoisted into well deck. 1916 Shifted LCVP #22 from port cradle to well deck. 1953 Hoisted LVP #18 aboard.



12 September

Steaming on various courses at various speeds near BAKER ISLAND. Ship darkened, condition Y set.

0600 Dawn General Quarters. 0617 Secured from General Quarters. Secured radar. 0807 Hoisted out LCM #23. 0928 Shifted to port telemotor. 1054 LCM #1 came along port side to refuel. 1121 LCM #1 completed fueling and cast off.

1425 LCM #23 alongside for fueling. 1452 Completed fueling LCM #2. 1508 LCM #3 cast off. 1514 LCM #6 alongside to be hoisted in. 1535 Commenced hoisting LCM #6. 1539 LCM #12 alongside for fueling. 1545 Completed hoisting in LCM #6.

Steaming as before. 1612 LCM #12 cast off. 1613 LCM #7 alongside. 1632 LCM #7 cast off. 1728 Hoisted out LCM #10 1739 LCM #10 cast off. 1742 LCM #13 alongside. 1803 Hoisted LCM #13 aboard. 1846 Darken ship.

13 September 1943

Steaming independently off BAKER ISLAND at two thirds speed 60 RPM, course 100 PGC north of transport area. Various courses and speeds keeping ship in position. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set.

0600 Dawn general quarters. 0615 Secured general quarters, light ship, steaming on various courses and speeds west of BAKER ISLAND.

0819 LCM#12 alongside. 0849 LCM#12 cast off. 0921 LCM#7 alongside. 0942 LCM#7 cast off. 0947 SB2 alongside, Captain W. Jennings USN came aboard. 0948 SB2 cast off. 1002 LCM#14 hoisted out. 1022 LCM#4 alongside. 1041 LCM#4 cast off. 1058 LCM#14 cast off. 1107 YMS 288 alongside to deliver mail. 1111 YMS 288 cast off. 1117 LCM#3 alongside. 1118 LCM#3 cast off. 1152 LCM#23 alongside, delivered letter, cast off.

1307 Commenced ballasting ship. 1327 Ceased ballasting, draft fwd 23', aft 23'6". 1420 hoisted out LCM#6. 1434 LCM#9 alongside, staff of C.T.F. 11 came aboard. 1436 LCM#1 alongside for hoisting in. 1519 LCM#9 cast off. 1538 LCM#1 hoisted aboard.

1700 Set condition Yoke. 1735 LCM#21 came alongside for fuel. 1841 LCVP#21 cast off after receiving 201 gal. of diesel oil.



14 September 1943

Steaming on various speeds on various courses to the north of transport area off BAKER ISLAND. Ship darkened, condition "Yoke" set.

0824 Hoisted out LCM#1. 0921 Shifted to port telemotor. 0935 LCM#6 came alongside starboard quarter. 0912 LCM#1 cast off with Lt. Schumacher, Lt(jg) Bailey and Lt. Susnow aboard. 0940 LCM#7 came along port side for fuel. 1004 LCM#7 cast off after refueling and receiving shaft and gear for Beachmasters. 1007 LCM#6 cast off after unloading half truck.

1308 SB#2 with LCM#15 in tow alongside starboard. 1325 SB#2 cast off with LT(jg) Smith. 1336 LCM#15 hoisted on board for repairs. 1350 SB#2 alongside port. Lt(jg) Smith returned aboard. 1402 SB#2 cast off. 1405 LCM#4 alongside starboard, Lt(jg) C.A. Bailey, Lt. D.A. Susnow, Lt. D.L. Schumacher returned aboard. 1425 LCM#10 alongside port with trailer to be hoisted aboard. 1515 Army trailers aboard. LCM#10 cast off. 1532 LCM#16 alongside port for fueling. 1540 Commenced fueling LCM#16.

1600 LCM#16 cast off. 1703 Condition Yoke set. 1704 LCM#8 alongside. Cargo loaded aboard. 1800 LCM#8 cast off. 1846 Darkened ship. 1907 LCM#4 cast off. 1910 YMS 288 alongside to deliver mail. 1925 YMS 288 cast off.



15 September 1943

Steaming on various speeds and courses North of BAKER ISLAND keeping ship on a bearing of 180 from lights at boat landing and a distance of 4000 yards. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set.

0600 Dawn general quarters. 1624 Secured General Quarters. Lighten ship. 0832 LCM #2 alongside. 0851 Hoisted in LCM#2. 0906 YMS 288 along-side, delivered mail, cast off. 0945 LCM 10 alongside. 1006 LCM 4 along- side. 1014 LCM 10 hoisted in. 1036 Truck from LCM 9 hoisted in. 1101 LCM 9 cast off. 1111 LCM 23 alongside. 1131 Hoisted in gear from LCM 23. LCM 23 cast off.

1325 LCVP 21 Alongside, returned ship's Pacific Pumper and took repaired pumper. 1331 Hoisted in LCM #1. 1414 LCM #23 alongside to deliver luggage. 1416 Cast off. 1453 S.B. #2 alongside for fuel. 1514 SB2 cast off taking mail for Beachmasters. 1548 YMS 118 Alongside for U.S. Mail and Official Mail for Regulus and Hercules.

1552 YMS 118 cast off. 1700 Set condition Yoke. 1809 LCM #2 hoisted out. 1845 Darkened ship.



16 September 1943

Steaming at various speeds on various courses to remain to the north and near BAKER ISLAND. Ship darkened, condition Yoke. 0630 Sabine, Hercules and Boyd departed.

1038 Manned ballasting stations. Mean draft of ship 21'2". 1047 Com- menced unballasting. 1154 Completed unballasting. Draft aft 17', fwd 21'2". 1245 Commenced hoisting out LCM #10. 1448 Completed hoisting in LCM #10. 1520 Commenced ballasting. 1537 LCM #16 cast off.

1055 LCM #14 alongside. 1720 Condition Yoke set. 1726 Hoisted in LCM 14. Ceased ballasting. Draft fwd. 20' aft 25', mean 22'6". 1846 Ship darkened.



17 September 1943

Steaming at various speeds on various courses to maintain position to the north of BAKER ISLAND. Ship darkened. Condition Yoke set.

0600 Dawn General Quarters. 0623 Secured General Quarters. Lightened ship. 0945 Hoisted out LCM 14. 1000 LCM 14 cast off. 1051 LCM 8 alongside. 1111 Hoisted in LCM 8.

1258 LCM 16 Alongside. 1512 Hoisted in LCM 16. 1601 YMS 288 came along port side for mail. 1602 YMS 288 shoved off. 1700 Set condition Yoke. 1725 LCM 4 cam alongside starboard side towed by Salvage Boat #2. 1742 Salvage Boat #2 came alongside port side and refueled.

1801 Completed fueling Salvage boat #2. 1807 Commenced hoisting in LCM 4. 1810 Salvage Boat #2 cast off. 1814 Completed hoisting in LCM #4.



18 September 1943

Steaming independently to maintain station approximately 2 miles North of BAKER ISLAND using one or both engines at 40 RPM on easterly heading, ship darkened, condition Yoke.

0600 Held morning general quarters. 0624 Secured from general quarters.

0820 Hoisted out LCM #16. 0840 LCM 16 cast off. 0850 LCM #8 hoisted out. 0859 LCM #8 cast off with Ens. Tucker aboard. 0953 LCM #2 alongside for fueling. 1020 Completed fueling LCM #2 and cast off. 1025 Salvage Boat #2 with LCM #10 in two alongside starboard. 1030 Salvage Boat #2 alongside port - Ensign Tucker returned aboard. 1044 Commenced fueling Salvage Boat #2. 1051 Completed fueling Salvage Boat #2. 1055 LCM #10 hoisted aboard. 1125 Salvage Boat #2 cast off.

1414 LCM #3 alongside. 1454 LCM ## hoisted aboard. 1506 SB#2 alongside. 1512 S.B. #2 cast off. 1712 SB #2 alongside for mail. 1713 SB2 cast off.

Steaming on slow speeds to maintain position north of BAKER ISLAND, course 090 C. 2130 Ceased working on boats in well deck.



19 September 1943

Maneuvering independently in area north of BAKER ISLAND at slow speeds (40 RPM) on one engine. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set. Work on boats in progress in well deck.

0600 Called all hands to General Quarters. 0624 Secured from General Quarters. 0818 S.B.2 alongside to deliver billet to Regulus. 0819 S.B.2 cast off.

1148 Salvage Boat #2 came along port side for fuel. 1208 Completed fueling Salvage Boat #2. 1259 Sprinkling system in #3 40MM magazine repaired. 1347 LCM #3 hoisted out. 1529 LCM #13 hoisted aboard.

1629 Salvage Boat alongside. 1630 Salvage Boat #2 cast off.



20 September 1943

Operating independently in area west of BAKER ISLAND on various headings at slow speeds keeping 2 - 3 miles offshore, ship darkened, condition Yoke set.

` 0600 Held dawn general quarters. 0623 Secured from general quarters. 0936 LCM #6 came alongside, port. Comdr. B.M. Coleman aboard LCM #6. 1012 LCM #6 Cast off. 1128 LCM#6 alongside, port. 1132 LCM#6 cast off. 1110 Salvage boat #2 alongside port for fueling. 1115 Commenced fueling salvage boat #2. 1124 Completed fueling, salvage boat #2 cast off.

1312 LCM#3 alongside. 1339 LCM#3 cast off. 1446 LCM#9 alongside, loading provisions into LCM#9. 1544 LCM#9 cast off.

1621 LCM#23 alongside to load provisions. 1736 LCM#23 cast off. 1843 Sunset, darkened ship. 1847 LCM#15 alongside with Army equipment, LCM personnel and baggage. 1953 LCM#16 cast off.

2000-2400 Steaming independently north west of BAKER ISLAND at slow speed, courses 090 PGC and 270 PGC, ship darkened.



21 September 1943

Maneuvering independently in area northwest of BAKER ISLAND at slow speed, at alternate courses of approximately 090 and 270 PGC. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set.

0600 Dawn general quarters. 0605 Secured from general quarters. 0645 LCM#23 alongside to discharge cargo. 0737 LCM#14 alongside. 0740 LCM#23 cast off.

0820 Hoisted in LCM314. 0904 LCM#23 alongside with Army material. 0907 LCM#3 alongside to be hoisted in. 0950 LCM#23 cast off. LCM#16 alongside with Army material. 1035 LCM#8 cast off. 1013 LCM#8 alongside. LCM#16 hoisted in. 1030 See attached lists of men transferred to Kaker to the USS Sirius pursuant to orders of Commander Task Force 11.

1206 Commenced hoisting in LCM#2. 1211 LCM#2 hoisted in. Manned all ballasting stations. All engines ahead full speed, "100 RPM". 1216 Changed standard speed to 140 RPM. Commenced zigzagging in accordance with zigzagging 11 on base course 200 PGC. 1220 Commenced unballasting. 1231 Set watch on #1 5" gun. 1300 Steaming various courses and speed coming into transport area. 1309 #2 Salvage boat came along port side. 1316 #2 Salvage boat cast off. 1350 BAKER ISLAND light abeam to port at 3500 yards. 1415 Port pump room secured from unballasting. 1430 Commenced zigzagging in accordance with diagram 11Z. 1455 Crossed equator and entered southern hemisphere. 1530 USS Hasting departed to return to transport area.

1600 ceased unballasting. 1635 Changed speed to 180 RPM. 1700 Set condition Yoke.



22 September 1943

Steaming independently reroute BAKER ISLAND to PEARL HARBOR, T.H. on course 046 T, at 14.5 knots, 185 RPM, ship darkened, condition Yoke set, 5" gun manned. At 0100 commenced zigzagging using Plan 11. At 0128 observed moonrise. N.E. Atkinson, Bosn. USN

0640 Commenced zigzagging according to Plan #8. 0600 Held dawn general quarters. 0622 Secured from general quarters. C.T. Henninger ENS



23 September 1943

Steaming as before. 0545 Dawn General Quarters. 0615 Secured from General Quarters.

1342 Commenced firing #3 & 4 40MM guns for practice. 1350 Ceased firing #3 & 4 40MM guns. 164 Rounds 40MM ammunition expended.

1400 Advanced all ships clocks one half an hour to Zone plus ten and one half time. 1552 Fired 5"38 cal. gun. Three rounds of 5" ammunition expended.

1608 Fired 5"38" gun 8 rounds expended. 1619 Fired 5"38 gun 5 rounds expended.



24 September 1943

Steaming as before. 0253 observed moonrise.

0600 Held dawn general quarters. 0624 Secured from general quarters.

1103 Engineering casualty. Commenced steaming at various speeds while effecting repairs. 1400 Set ships clocks ahead to zone +10 time. 1455 Engineering casualty repaired. 1506 Resumed speed 188 RPM, 15 kts.

1901 Observed sunset. Darkened ship.





25 September 1943

Steaming as before. 0615 Dawn General Quarters. 0630 Secured from General Quarters.

1846 Observed sunset. 2130 Engineering casualty. Secured #2 boiler, c/s to 140 RPM, 10 kts. 2136 Ceased zigzagging.



26 September 1943

At sea, enroute BAKER ISLAND to PEARL HARBOR, T.H. on course 042 T., steaming at 12.4 knots (150 RPM) using boiler #1. No. 3 boiler secured due to defective tubes. Ship darkened, condition yoke. 5"38 cal. battery manned.

0600 Dawn General Quarters. 0627 Secured from dawn General Quarters.

1816 Sighted destroyer bearing 024 1840 USS Dale , DD-353 joined as escort vessel. 1904 darkened ship.



27 September 1943

Steaming in company with USS Dale, escort, enroute PEARL HARBOR on course 036 PGC, speed 145 RPM, 12 kts. This ship is guide. No zigzag. Ship is darkened condition Yoke set, 5"-38 gun manned. Steaming on stbd. boiler. 0100 Repairs completed on port boiler and fires lit under port boiler. 0207 Cut port boiler in on main steam line. 0330 Changed speed to 165 RPM, 13 knots.

0500 Commenced zigzag on plan 11. 0600 Changed speed to 170 RPM. 0600 Dawn general quarters. 0631 Secured from general quarters. 0730 Ceased zigzagging. 0745 C/bc to 055 T, commenced zigzagging on plan 11. 0745 Sighted land bearing 050 T.

1038 Ceased zigzag c/c to 055 T. 1050 Secured 5" battery. 1100 Energized degaussing system. 1156 Pilot, Hannus boarded and took conn. Used various courses and speeds conforming to channel entering PEARL HARBOR. 1159 Secured 5" gun crew. 1240 Moored port side to pier S-21, PEARL HARBOR, T.H.



28 September 1943

Moored port side to pier S-21, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Ship in modified darkened condition. #1 boiler in use for auxiliary purposes.



29 September 1943

Moored as before. 1625 Completed hoisting out Army equipment.



30 September 1943

Moored as before. 0923 Commenced unballasting. 1010 Hoisted out LCM #16. 1030 Hoisted out LCM #1. 1038 Completed unballasting.

1215 Draft of ship before getting underway, fwd. 14'4" aft 14'6", mean draft 14'5". 1243 Commenced hoisting out LCM #14. 1247 Completed hoisting out LCM #14. 1325 Underway, Pilot R.L. Green aboard. On various courses and speeds to conform with channel. 1400 Secured lines on dock. Moored starboard side to berth Baker #7, Navy Yard, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. 1515 Draft of ship after mooring fwd 14"4", aft 14"5", mean draft 14'4".

September 7, 1943

From: The Commanding Officer.

To: The Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet

Via: (1) The Commander, Task Force Eleven

(2) The Commander, Service Force, Pacific Fleet



Subject: U.S.S. Ashland (LSD-1) Operations off Baker Island September 1-4, 1943



1. The U.S.S. Ashland loaded into the docking well the following landing craft on August 23, 1943 while moored at berth M-4, Pearl Harbor:

14 LCM (3) 1 DUKW

5 LCVP 1-36' Salvage Boat

2 LVT 1-26' Surf Boat

The 14 LCM (3) were loaded with heavy landing field construction equipment when they were floated into the dock. The two amphibian tractors were also floated in. The remainder of the craft was hoisted in by ship's crane. No difficulties were experienced in loading.



2. The ship proceed to sea with Task Force Eleven and arrived off BAKER Island on September 1, 1943. The voyage was uneventful, standard speed was 13 knots.



3. At 0700, local time, September 1, 1943 preparations were made for undocking all craft. The wind was force 4 from the east. The seas were moderate, swell of about 6 feet, running about 280. The ship was headed on course 100 and slowed to 20 r.p.m. (about 2 knots). Baker Island seemed to afford practically no lee. The ship was ballasted own, stern first, and the stern gate lowered to ride on its preventers. Before any of the craft in the dock were afloat, the 1 " wire preventer and gate hoisting wires carried away, due to the action of the sea putting heavy jerks on these wires. The gate then swung freely on its hinges, causing no immediate detrimental effect except increasing the effort required to keep the ship headed into the sea. While the ship was being ballasted down, the following craft were hoisted out:

2 - LCVP 1 - 36" Salvage boat

1 - 26" Surf boat

The cradles for these boats were hoisted from the dock.



4. As soon as the aftermost three LCM"s began to float it was impossible to prevent them from banging from side to side or to prevent them from lifting and hitting the dock deck several times before they could clear the dock. These three boats were lashed together. The unloading plan provided for undocking the first three LCM's lashed together, thereafter all other craft either one or two at a time. This plan was necessary because of the projection of the stern capstan controller platforms over the dock side. The bow ramps of the aftermost three LCM's were aft of these platforms. When the middle LCM of the next three was clear of the dock the two outboard LCM's began to bang about with great force. Five inch control lines did not prevent them from surging about as the ship rolled two or three degrees to each side. All four- teen LCM's were docked at Pearl Harbor so that they could leave the dock bow first. After the middle boat of the second group of three LCM's was clear, the remaining two boats were lashed together and hauled clear. All boats used they engines to assist in getting clear. The third group of three LCM's caused the most trouble. Two got clear about 09330 and the third boat, loaded with a heavy crane, mounted on a low trailer in the boat, banged the side of the dock so heavily that the crane shifted on the trailer and the boat would have capsized had it been fully water borne. When this condition arose the ship was immediately unballasted for correction of the weight distribution of the boat. Eight LCM's with their loads proceeded to the landing beach on the west side of Baker Island. Several had suffered damage to rudders and propellers, the extent of which has not yet been ascertained.



5. The ship then proceeded to attempt repairs to the stern gate hoisting gear. By running at full speed the dragging tail gate planed up sufficiently to attach one inch wire strap to the fittings on the top of the gate. Four attempts were made to hoist the gate using various rigs, all failed due to various parts breaking as the ship steamed into the sea. Two days were required for these experiments. In the meantime the ship could not stop or back because the gate, 46 feet wide and 17 feet high, would pound back on its hinges and threaten to break off and foul the ship's rudders and propellers. There was no anchorage in the vicinity of Baker Island.



6. On the afternoon of September 2, 1943 the two remaining LCVP which were in the dock were unloaded and hoisted out, leaving six LCM's, one Dukw and two amphibian tractors. These craft were undocked during the afternoon of September 3, 1943. During this operation the water in the dock was very rough and at times splashed to a height of thirty feet above the dock deck. At least two LCM's received damage to rudders and propellers. The tractors were wet so much that they would not run. The Dukw performed better than any other craft.

7. Short after noon on September 4, 1943 the ship was ordered to proceed to Canton Island to effect repairs to the stern gate in smooth waters. Another attempt was made to hoist the gate while enroute, this time it was successful. The success is attributed to using pravane chains through the fitting on the top of the gate, one inch wire straps between the chains and the standard three fold hoisting purchases to the stern capstans and heading the ship down sea at a speed equal to the speed of the wave motion. On this course there was minimum pitch to the ship, thereby reducing the surges of the gates which had previously caused all attempts to fail while headed into the sea.



8. The gate was secured in place and the ship proceeded to Canton Island for fuel. It is planned to ballast the ship down, keeping the well deck dry. It is hoped that this will permit hoisting LCM's into the dock for the return trip to Pearl Harbor. While ballasted sow the roll on the ship is considerably reduced. While the stern gate is now closed, it is out of commission for lowering until new rigging can be provided. Apparently the hinges have been sprung and special efforts are being made to try to make the gate watertight. The Commanding Officer is prepared to recommend a new design for the gate hoisting gear, the clearing of the dock walls of all projections and the installation of horizontal wooden fenders. When these alterations are accomplished it is believed that the ship can undock LCM's three at a time, with much less damage with similar weather conditions as that experienced off Baker Island. The LCM's referred to are the Higgins type with a beam of 14 feet. For undocking at sea, the ship should not be loaded with assorted craft. Eighteen Higgins LCM's can easily be handled. It is not considered feasible to dock any type of craft at sea unless a flat calm prevails.



9. The above described operations are the first test of the ship in the pen sea using loaded craft. The shake down training operations conducted during the period August 1 to 5, 1943 was conducted in the lee of San Clemente Island using only two empty LCM's.



10. It is recommended that the ship be made available for the alterations mentioned at a Navy Yard at the earliest practicable date. It is estimated that the work can be accomplished in from eight to ten days. This time is also needed for cleaning boilers, and repairs to twenty ballast vale reach rods which are broken or otherwise inoperative.



11. Copies of this letter are attached for appropriate distribution to interested offices. Copies have been mailed as indicated below.



Copy to: LSD-2; LSD-3 C.L.C. ATKESON





12 September 1943

From: The Commander Task Force Eleven

To: The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet

Via: The Commander Service Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet



Subject: U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1), Operations off Baker Island, September 1 to 4, 1943



1. Full report of the Baker Island operation will be submitted upon return of the task force commander to Pearl Harbor and in the interim certain recommendations are submitted in this endorsement in order that preliminary work may be accomplished at the Navy Yard, if they are approved.



2. It is recommended that the following items of equipment be installed:



a. SC-2 Radar

b. V.H.F. Equipment

c. Fighter Director Plotting Equipment

d. TBS Radio

e. SG Radar in place of the present SF Radar

f. Permanent installation (including pumps) to provide for use of the

ballast tanks for carrying one thousand (1000) barrels of diesel fuel.



3. The arrangement and accommodations of this vessel are such as to make her imminently suited for use as a flagship for amphibious operations such as the one now in progress at Baker Island.

W.A. LEE, Jr.



THIRD ENDORSEMENT to USS Ashland Secret Ltr. LSD1/A4-3 ser. 17 of 7 September 1943.



From: Commander FIFTH Amphibious Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet

To: Commander Service Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet



Subject: U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1), Operations off BAKER ISLAND, September 1 to 4, 1943



1. Returned.



2. The following comments are submitted:



(a) It appears that more docking tests and exercises should be conducted by each LSD during the training period using its maximum capacity of loaded landing craft of all types likely to be handled. Moderate swells should be experienced.



(b) Certain material changes in the stern gate and well are obviously required.



(c) It appears desirable to conduct tests to determine the feasibility of undocking the LCM's unloaded and placing the loads in later to the lee side of the LSD. It is noted that the roll is reduced when the ship is ballasted down. This suggests the possibility that flooding the well after the ship is ballasted down would result in less damage.



(d) The LSD appears to be the answer to the problem of transporting PT's to points having insufficient hoisting capacity. An experiment in docking the undocking PT's is considered justified.

R.K. TURNER





FIFTH ENDORSEMENT to CO ASHLAND Secret ltr LSD-1/A4-3 Serial 17 of 7 September 1943



From: Comdt. NYPearl

To: ComServPac



Subj: USS ASHLAND (LSD-1) - Operations off BAKER ISLAND, September 1-4, 1943



1. Returned. In view of the importance of the design features concerned in the operation of the stern gate as reported by the basic letter, it is recommended that this correspondence be forward to the BuShips. A report of the Yard's investigation of damage sustained and a suggested redesign of the stern gate are being forwarded to the Bureau by separate correspondence.



By direction of the Commandant: R.W. PAINE



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER 1943



At 0700, local time, September 1, 1943 preparations were made for undocking all craft. The wind was force 4 from the east. The sea was moderate, swell of about six feet, running about 280 The ship was headed on course 100 and slowed to 30 r.p.m. (about 2 knots). BAKER ISLAND seemed to afford practically no lee. The ship was ballasted down, stern first, and the stern gate lowered to ride on its preventers. Before any of the craft in the dock were afloat, the 1 7/8" wire preventer and gate hoisting wires carried away, due to the action of the sea putting heavy jerks on these wires. The gate then swung freely on its hinges, causing no immediate detrimental effect except increasing the effort required to keep the ship p headed into the sea. While the ship was ballasted down, the following craft were hoisted out:

2 - LCVP

1 - 30' Salvage Boat

1 - 26' Surf Boat

The cradles for these boats were hoisted from the dock.

As soon as the aftermost three LCM's began to float it was impossible to prevent them from banging from side to side or to prevent them from lifting and hitting the dock deck several times before they could clean the dock. These three boats were lashed together. The unloading plan provided for undocking the first three LCM's lashed together, thereafter all other craft either one or two at a time. This plan was necessary because of the projection of the stern capstan controller platforms over the dock side. When the middle LCM of the next three was clean of the dock the two outboard LCM's began to bang about with great force. Five inch control lines did not prevent them from surging about as the ship rolled two or three degrees to each side.

All fourteen LCM's were docked at PEARL HARBOR so that they could leave the dock bow first. After the middle boat of the second group of three LCM's was clear, the remaining two boats were lashed together and hauled clear. All boats used their engines to assist in getting clear. The third group of three LCM's caused the most trouble. Two got clear at about 0930 and the third boat, loaded with a heavy crane, mounted on a low trailer in the boat, banged the side of the dock so heavily that the crane shifted on the trailer and the boat would have capsized had it been fully water borne. When this condition arose, the ship was immediately unballasted for correction of the weight distribution in the boat.

Eight LCM's with their loads proceeded to the landing beach on the west side of BAKER ISLAND. Several had suffered damage to rudders and propellers, the extent of which has not yet been ascertained.

The ship then proceeded to attempt repairs to the stern gate hoisting gear. By running at full speed the dragging tail gate planed up sufficiently to attach one inch wire straps to the fittings on the top of the gate. Four attempts were made to hoist the gate using various rigs, all failed due to various parts breaking as the ship steamed into the sea. Two days were required for these experiments. In the meantime the ship could not stop or back because the gate, 46 feet wide and 17 feet high, would pound back on its hinges and threaten to break off and foul the ship's rudders and propellers. There was no anchorage in the vicinity of BAKER ISLAND.

Shortly after noon on September 4, 1943 the ship was ordered to proceed to Canton Island to effect repairs to the stern gate in smooth water. Another attempt was made to hoist the gate while enroute, this time it was successful. The success is attributed to using paravane chains through the fittings on the top of the gate, one inch wire straps between the chains and the standard three fold hoisting purchases to the stern capstans and heading the ship down sea at a speed equal to the speed of the wave motion. On this course there was a minimum pitch of the ship, thereby reducing the surges of the gate which had previously caused all attempts to fail while headed into the sea.

The gate was secured in place and the ship proceeded to Canton Island for fuel. It is planned to ballast the ship down, keeping the dock well dry. It is hoped that this will permit hoisting LCM's into the dock for the return to PEARL HARBOR. While ballasted down the roll on the ship is considerably reduced. Why the stern gate is now closed, it is out of commission for lowering until new rigging can be provided. Apparently the hinges have been sprung and special efforts are being made to try to make the gate watertight.

The Commanding Officer is prepared to recommend a new design for the gate hoisting gear, the clearing of the dock walls of all projections and the installation of horizontal wooden fenders. When these alterations are accomplished it is believed that the ship can undock LCM's, three at a time, with much less damage with similar weather conditions as that experienced off BAKER ISLAND. The LCM's referred to are the Higgins type with a beam of 14 feet. For undocking at sea, the ship should not be loaded with assorted craft. Eighteen Higgins LCM's can be easily handled. It is not considered feasible to dock any type of craft at sea unless a flat calm prevails.

The above described operations are the first test of the ship in the open sea using loaded craft. The shake down training operations conducted during the period August 1 to 5, 1943 was conducted in the lee of San Clemente Island using only two empty LCM's.

It is recommended hat the ship be made available for the alterations mentioned above at a Navy Yard at the earliest practicable dated. It is estimated that the work can be accomplished in from eight to ten days. This time is also need for cleaning boilers, and repairs to twenty ballast valve reach rods which are broken or otherwise inoperative.

C.L.C. Atkeson, Commanding Officer



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF OCTOBER 1943

1 October 1943

Moored starboard side to berth Baker seven, Navy Yard, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Number #2 boiler in use for auxiliary purposes.

0945 LCM #10 hoisted out. 1030 Commanding Officer left ship on business. 1422 LCVP #18 hoisted out. 1452 LCM #15 hoisted out. 1455 Commenced taking electricity from dock. 1547 LCM #4 hoisted out. 1610 hoisted out LCVP 17.

2100 Shore power failed. 2115 Blackout signal sounded. 2130 Blackout all clear. 2332 Shore power line repaired. Ship on shore power.



2 October 1943.

Moored as before. 0400 Commenced taking steam from dock.

1325 Commenced unloading ammunition. 1507 Commenced fueling LCVP #4 on port side. 1520 Ceased pumping gasoline into truck on dock. Discharged 4674 gals. gasoline. 1525 Ceased fueling LCVP #4.

2143 Commenced pumping diesel oil to barge along port side. Draft of ship: aft 19' forward 14'.



3 October 1943

Moored starboard side to berth baker 7, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Ship in modified darkened condition. Yard workmen aboard. Pumping diesel oil into barge along port side.



4 October 1943

Moored as before. No other remarks.



5 October 1943

Moored as before in modified darkened ship condition. 0945 - 1124 Pumped 150 gals gasoline to tank truck on the dock with proper precautions.

1215 Stern gate removed from ship for repairs. 1320 removed starboard surge gate from well. 1435 Removed port surge gate from well.



6 - 7 October 1943

Moored as before. No other remarks.



8 October 1943

Moored as before. Work in progress. 1400 Hoisted aboard LCVP #7 ship's boat in starboard skids. 1515 Hoisted aboard LCVP #2 in port skids. Received 1000 gals diesel oil in drums.

9 October 1943

Moored as before. No other remarks.



10 October 1943

Moored starboard side to berth baker 7, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Ship in modified darkened condition. 1516 LST-23 moved along port side. No other remarks.



11 October 1943

Moored as before. LST-23 moored along port side. Work by yard workmen in progress.



12 October 1943

Moored as before in modified darkened ship condition. Work by yard workmen in progress. LST #23 moored along port side.



13 - 15 October 1943

Moored as before



16 October 1943

Moored as before.

1842 Started load test of both ship's cranes. 2113 Commenced test of port crane. 2230 Crane test satisfactory. 2340 Yard workmen for air testing of wing tanks and center tanks reported aboard. 2345 Blackout. 2350 General Quarters. 0024 Secured from general quarters.



17 October 1943

Moored starboard side to Berth Baker 7, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Ship darkened. Condition 1 set. 0020 Secured from condition 1, ship in modified darkened ship condition. Work by Navy Yard workman in progress. #1 boiler in use for auxiliary purposes. 0157 darken ship. 0158 Resumed modified darken ship.

0615 Commenced air test on ballast tanks C420 - C421. 0747 Commenced ballasting. Draft 16' forward, 15' aft, 15 1/2 mean. 0915 Completed ballasting, commenced taking on LCM's. Fuel taken aboard, 542 bbls. fuel oil. 1053 Commenced unballasting.

1455 Secured unballasting. Draft: Fwd 17',0", aft 18'0", mean 17'6". 1555 Received aboard eight 30 caliber guns and parts from N.S.D. PEARL HARBOR, T.H.

2015 Completed taking on gasoline, 5275 gals.



18 October 1943

Moored as before, in modified darkened ship condition. Work by Navy Yard workman in progress on starboard crane and stern gate. Receiving the following services from dock: Telephone, fresh and salt water, electricity, high and low pressure air. Boiler #1 on line for auxiliary purposes. No other remarks.



19 October 1943

Moored starboard side to berth baker #7 Navy Yard PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Ship in modified darkened condition. Number 2 boiler in use for auxiliary purposes.

0856 Pilot aboard - Underway at 0907 at various speeds and on various courses to conform with the channel. 0941 Passed thru anti-submarine net. 0943 Pilot, Bos'n Milchurski T.O. left the ship - Captain at the conn. 0959 Took departure with Diamond Head light bearing 099 T. 1100 Commenced zigzagging on plan eleven Z in company with U.S.S. Warrington, DD-383.

1700 Set condition yoke. 1702 Port boiler reported back on line. 1730 Set all ship's clocks back thirty minutes to zone plus ten time.

2015 changed course to 327 to blow tubes. 2030 resumed base course.



20 October 1943

Steaming in company with USS Warrington DD-383 escort enroute NOUMEA on base course 237 PGC, speed 185 RPM, 15 kts. This ship CTG 12.2 is guide, ship darkened, condition Yoke and 5" gun manned. Using zigzag pan 11Z.

0600 Dawn general quarters. 0620 Fired 5 rounds from #5 20MM for test purposes. 0639 Sunrise. Secured from general quarters. Secured radar and TBY watches.

1445 Message received from Warrington that her rudder was jammed. 1446 Hard right rudder and both engines slow. 1448 Both engines ahead full. Resumed base course 208 PGC, not zigzagging. 1459 Warrington reported rudder fixed and resuming position. 1510 commenced zigzagging according to diagram 11A. 1700 Set condition Yoke. 1827 Set radar watch on long range. At 2000 ceased zigzagging and resumed base course 208 T, 198 PGC.



21 October 1943

Steaming in company with USS Warrington DD-383 enroute NOUMEA, speed 190 RPM, 15 knots. This ship CTG 12.2 is guide. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set and 5" gun manned.

0600 Dawn general quarters. 0605 Compensated and checked with master gyro 1/2 easterly error. 0615 Test fired 8 rounds from #16 20 MM. 0632 Secured from general quarters. Secured radar and TBY watches.

1700 Set condition Yoke. 1730 All ships clocks set back one half hour to Zone Plus Ten and one half time. 1811 darkened ship. 2000 ceased zigzagging and resumed basic course 205 PGC, 206 T.



22 October 1943

Steaming in company with U.S.S. Warrington (383) escort enroute NOUMEA Air Base, course 205 PGC, speed 190 RPM, 15 knots. This ship CTG12.2 is guide. Ship darkened condition Yoke set, 5" gun manned.

0545 General quarters. 0602 Secured from General Quarters. 0618 Sunrise. Secured Radar and T.B.Y. watches. 1055 Shifted from starboard to port telemotors.

1246 Spotted aircraft bearing 110 T, elevation 30. 1418 Steamed into rain squall. Lot sight of D.D. Manned TBY and Radar. 1435 Secured TBY and radar. 1555 Starboard engine slowed down to 90 RPM - lack of steam. 1559 Starboard engine resumed 190 RPM.

Steaming as before. 1930 cased zigzag course. 1700 set condition Yoke. 1823 darkened ship - radar and TBY manned.



23 October 1943

Steaming in company with U.S.S. Warrington DD383) escort enroute NOUMEA air base, speed 190 RPM. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set, five inch gun manned. 0200 Commenced zigzagging in accordance to zigzag diagram 11 Zebra.

0600 Dawn general quarters sounded. 0610 fired 7 test rounds from #10 20MM. 0620 Secured from general quarters. 0630 Secured TBY and radar.

1510 Warrington reported radar contact on aircraft bearing 010, distance 10 miles. No sight contact made.



24 October 1943

Steaming in company with USS WARRINGTON (383) escort, enroute to NOUMEA on base course 204 T., Speed 190 RPM (15 knots), this ship C.F.G. 12.2 guide. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set, 5" gun manned.

0600 General Quarters. 0610 Test fired ten rounds #12 20MM. 0637 Secured Radar and T.B.Y.

1700 Set condition Yoke. 1730 Set all ships clocks back 30 minutes to zone time +11. 1823 Darken ship T.B.Y. and radar manned.

1905 Starboard boiler cut out / R.P.M. reduced to 150 both engines. 1930 Ceased zigzag course. 2016 Starboard boiler cut in, changed speed to 190 RPM.



25 October 1943

Steaming in company with USS WARRINGTON (383) escort, enroute NOUMEA on base course 211 T. This ship CFG 12.2 guide. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set.

0545 Dawn General Quarters. 0555 Fired 8 test rounds from #8 20MM. O610 Secured from General Quarters. 0615 Sunrise. 0621 Secured radar watch. 0635 Secured T.B.Y. watch.

0920 Received word from Warrington of sub contact - all hands to General Quarters. 0921 Commenced maneuvering on various headings. 1103 Secured from General Quarters. 1108 Test fired 5" gun, one round. 1140 Resumed base course 211 T.

2000 Steaming as before. Changed base courses to 217 PGC.



26 October 1943

Steaming in company with USS WARRINGTON (383), escort, enroute NOUMEA, on base course 217 PGC., speed 15 knots, 190 RPM. This ship C.T.G. 12.2 guide. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set, 5" gun manned.

0545 Dawn General Quarters. 0555 Fired 8 rounds test fire from #6 20MM. 0608 Secured from General Quarters. 0625 Secured T.B.Y. and radar.

1700 Crossed international date line.



27 October 1943

Steaming as before.



28 November 1943

Steaming in company with USS WARRINGTON escort enroute NOUMEA on base course 221 PGC., speed 190 RPM, 15 kts. This ship guide. Condition Yoke is set, 5" gun manned and ship is darkened. TBY and radar is manned.

0645 Secured radar and TBY. 0810 Plane sighted bearing 229 (T). 0810 Lost from sight. 1120 Friendly plan sighted bearing 229 T. Circled ship, departed 1145.

1730 Changed ship's time to zone -12.5 time. 1849 Darkened ship, set radar and T.B.Y watch.



29 October 1943

Steaming in company with USS WARRINGTON escort enroute NOUMEA, one base course 221 PGC, speed 190 RPM 15 knots. This ship C.T.G. 1`2.2 guide, ship darkened. Condition Yoke set - 5" gun manned - radar and T.B.Y. manned.

0545 General Quarters. 0613 Secured from General Quarters, lightened ship. 0620 Unidentified plan sighted bearing 120 T. 06300 Radar and T.B.Y secured.

1855 Set T.B.Y. and radar watch. 1853 Darkened ship. 1950 Unidentified lighted ship sighted bearing 264 1952 Ceased zigzagging.



30 October 1943

Steaming in company with USS WARRINGTON (383), escort, enroute PEARL HARBOR to NOUMEA on bast course 226 PGC. Speed 190 RPM, 15 knots. This ship guide. Ship darkened. Condition Yoke set, 5" gun manned. Radar and T.B.Y. watch set.

0545 Dawn General Quarters. 0620 Secured from General Quarters, lightened ship. 0648 Secured T.B.Y. 0700 Secured radar.

1306 Sighted Walpole Island, bearing 250 T. distance 23 miles. 1730 Set all ship's clocks back 1/2 hour to conform with -12 time zone.

1858 Sunset - Darkened ship, set radar and T.B.Y. watch.



31 October 1943

Steaming in company with USS WARRINGTON (383) escort. Enroute PEARL HARBOR to NOUMEA on base course 270 PGC, speed 180 RPM, 15 knots. This ship C.T.G. 12.2, guide ship. Ship in darken condition, condition Yoke set, 5" gun manned, radar and T.B.Y. watch set.

0540 Dawn General Quarters. O606 Secured from General Quarters. 0635 Sighted land, 040 T. 0718 Changed base course to 040 T. 0744 Lightship sighted bearing 079 T.

0806 Secured 5" battery. 0812 c/c to 120 0813 Using various courses and speeds awaiting pilot. 0842 Pilot Vincent Gap came aboard, took conn and proceeded through reef and swept channel. 0915 Pilot left ship. Captain conning proceeding on various courses conforming to channel. 0950 Secured radar and T.B.Y. 1008 Lt. Moore, Pilot, came aboard. Took conn and proceeded to anchorage using various courses and speeds. 1055 Passed through Port NOUMEA Submarine Net. 1122 Anchored in 9 1/2 fathoms of water with 30 fathoms of chin to starboard anchor. 1130 Retarded ship's clocks one hour to conform to zone minus 11 time. 1103 Commenced ballasting ship.

1310 Commenced discharging LCMs from well deck. 1340 Completed ballasting, mean draft 24'8". 1345 Completed discharging LCMs from well deck. 1355 Commence unballasting. 1520 Completed unballasting, mean 17'.

1800 Sunset, darkened ship, turned on aircraft warning lights.



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER 1943



1 November 1943

Anchored in NOUMEA Bay, NOUMEA, New Caledonia. Starboard anchor in use 30 fathoms of chain in 9.5 fathoms of water. #1 Boiler on line, ship in modified darkened ship condition.

0628 YO-24 alongside port side. 0652 Started fueling from YO-24. 0728 Lit off #2 boiler. 0900 Finished fueling, 3905 bbls.

1230 Commenced taking aboard stores and provisions. 1217 YO-24 along port side. 1330 Commenced taking on fuel. 1415 Explosion occurred approximately 4500 yards off starboard bow, bearing approximately 340 Believed to be ammunition at some dock. 1550 Finished fueling, 1753 bbls. 1530 Continued unloading U.S.M.C. supplies from barge on portside.

1722 Secured from unloading U.S.M.C. supplies.



2 November 1943

Anchored in NOUMEA Bay, NOUMEA, NEW CALEDONIA. Truck lights are on and ship is otherwise in darkened ship condition. The #1 boiler is on the line for auxiliary purposes. No other remarks.



3 November 1943

Anchored as before.

0855 Lowered stern gate. 0900 Commenced ballasting. Draft forward 17'8", aft 18'6". 1000 Completed ballasting. 1005 Commenced taking LCMs with tanks and crews into dock.

1455 Started unballasting forward. 1508 Ceased unballasting forward.

1641 Commenced unballasting. 1650 Completed taking on fourteen (14) LCMs each with cargo of one (1) medium tank and one (1) LCM with cargo of ammunition. 1904 Ceased unballasting. 1915 Set condition Yoke. 2100 Started master gyro.



4 November 1943

Anchored as before.

0907 Lit off #2 boiler. 1030 Pilot Lt. V.W. Hirt aboard. 1040 Commenced heaving anchor. 1147 Anchor aweigh. Standing out of harbor on various courses and at various speeds. 1114 Passed thru anti-submarine net. 1127 Stopped engines, man overboard. Wier, BM2c recovered by #1 boat which returned and was hoisted aboard at 1147. 1154 Set stbd speed 190 RPM. Passed thru degaussing Range.

1200 Steaming on various courses at speed 190 RPM conforming to channel. 1335 Rechka Island abeam port. 1421 Moto Island abeam to starboard.1540 Pilot left ship. 1545 Set condition 2M.

1605 Secured anchor detail. 1922 While on course 005 PGC Gyro repeater failed. 1923 Shifted steering to trick wheel. 1930 All gyro repeaters reported as not functioning. 1932 Shifted steering to bridge steering by standard compass course 316 and commenced zigzagging on plan #11 returning to formation.



5 November 1943

Steaming in company with USS SWALLOW AM-65 and SS PLATTSBURG enroute Melo Bay on straight course 355 True., speed 190 RPM 15 knots. This ship guide. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set. 5" gun manned.

0430 General Quarters. 0500 Secured General Quarters. Lightened ship. 0517 TBY and radar secured. 0720 Friendly planes sighted on bearing 125 T.

1406 Sighted land bearing 030 T. 1545 Set radar watch. 1625 Called to stations the Special Sea Detail. 1633 Secured the 5" gun. 1640 Pilot Lt. Craines aboard - various courses and speeds. 1712 Passed thru first nest of Fila Harbor. 1705 Dropped port anchor in 25 fathoms water 60 fathoms chain. 1723 Secured main engines. 1725 Secured radar watch. Anchor bearings checked every 15 minutes - in berth "Fox".



6 November 1943

Anchored in berth Fox, Fila Harbor, New Hebrides, in 25 fathoms of water with 60 feet of chain to the port anchor. Main engines on five minutes notice to get underway. #2 Ships boat tied up alongside starboard gangway. Bow and stern sentries posted. Boat and anchor watches posted. Ship in semi-darkened condition.

0440 Stationed special sea detail. 0450 Reconnaissance boat cast off. 0506 Pilot Lt. Cramer and Comdr. Thomas came aboard. 0507 Commenced ballasting down. 0509 Heaving in anchor. 0511 Anchor aweigh. 0516 Underway. 0558 Stopped ballasting down. Steering various courses conforming to channel, Pilot at conn. 0609 Hoisted LCP-12 out. 0626 Boats commence leaving well deck. 0642 Six boats out. 0642 Commenced unballasting. 0649 Raised stern gate. 0732 Secured ballast system.

Various courses and speeds until 0900 when starboard anchor let go in 37 feet - 90 feet mark on deck - in northeast corner Meli Bay 1000 yds of beach. 0915 Commenced ballasting. Six boats left well and returned. 1018 Commenced unballasting. 1121 Secured unballasting.

1200 Secured degaussing. 1900 Set radar watch.



7 November 1943

Anchored north end Mile Bay in 45 ft. water - 90 feet chain to stbd anchor. Engines on 20 min standby. Watch on bridge. Radar manned.

0426 Commenced weighing anchor. 0440 Underway various courses and speeds in Mile Bay. 0502 Commenced ballasting. 0525 Radar watch secured. 0526 Stern gate lowered. 0540 LCPR cast off with reconnaissance party.

0608 LCM's #11, 15, & 9 left ship. 0620 LCM's #1, 7 and 8 left ship. 0628 LCMs 2162, 2412 left ship. 0636 LCMs 13, 11 & 14 left ship. 0643 Commenced raising stern gate. 0649 Commenced unballasting. 0742 Stern gate closed. 0747 Completed. unballasting.

0800 - 1200 Laying to in assigned area, Meli Bay during transport rehearsal landing attack, various heading and speeds to maintain formation.

1246 Anchored in Meli Bay in 45 fathoms of water with 90 fathoms chain to stbd anchor. 1256 Commenced ballasting. 1355 Commenced loading LCMs. 1402 Ceased ballasting. 1414 Commenced unballasting. 1448 Completed load- ing LCMs. 1505 Commenced heaving short. 1515 Underway from Meli Bay to Havannah Harbor on various courses and speeds to clear bay.

1600 Secured unballasting at 1614 - at 1643 executed signal from 18 Div in company with ships of transport division four , six and eighteen. 1706 Set condition Yoke. 1715 Sounded General Quarters. 1750 Set radar watch. 1844 Pilot Ens. Montiel aboard. 1923 Pilot MacDill aboard. 1956 Secured radar.

2044 Moored starboard side to Virgo in anchorage 3, Havannah Harbor. Engines on standby. 2132 Pilot Ens. Montiel left ship. 2246 Pilot McDill left ship.

8 November 1943

Moored in 36 fathoms, anchorage #3, Havannah Harbor, Effate Island, New Hebrides, starboard side to the USS Virgo AKA-20. The ship is in a modified darkened condition. The engines are on standby at five minutes notice, with the starboard boiler on the line and the port boiler on 5 minutes standby. T.B.Y watch is set. Bow and stern sentries are set. The ODD watch is on the bridge. A plane is suspended over the well by the port crane.

0807 Hoisted plane into water - taken in tow by a boat from the USS Portland. Various movements of ships boat recorded in note book.

1230 Set special sea detail. 1304 Underway at various courses and speeds conforming to channel in Havannah Harbor. Captain at the conn. 1340 Passed through anti-submarine net. 1402 Passed through outer net. 1912 Secured special sea detail - Proceeding at course to maintain position in column. 1556 Commenced zigzag in accordance with zigzag plan #8.

Steaming as before on various courses and speeds to maintain formation in column. 1727 Port engine room RPM counter reported inoperative. 1745 Radar manned. 1755 Changed course to 060 and left position to enter approach attach formation #20. 1803 entered #1 column and proceeded on various courses to maintain position in column. 1945 Port engine room counter reported in operation.



9 November 1943

Steaming in company with T.F. 53 - This ship sixth in left hand column of transports - distance to ship ahead varying from 1400 to 2100 yards - interval between columns in excess of 1000 years - stbd. spd. 14 knots, 195 RPM - various courses.

0422 Left column to proceed into Meli Bay. 0435 Commenced ballasting. 0453 Opened stern gate 2 feet. 0459 Hoisted out reconnaissance boat. 0915 Began lowering stern gate. 0524 Completed lowering stern gate. 0538 Boat group of 3 LCMs left ship. 0543 Second group of LCMs left ship. 0549 3rd group of LCMs left ship. 0559 Fourth group of LCMs left ship. 0607 Last group of LCMs left ship. 0612 Completed ballasting. 0614 Began to unballasted. 0624 Stern gate raised. 0646 Reconnaissance party left ship. 0655 Radar watch secured. 0655 Ceased unballasting.

0805 Secured ballasting, mean draft 19'4". 0805 Closed stern gate. 007 First wave of LCMs reported landing on beach. Continued on various headings at slow speeds in Meli Bay. 1005 Commenced ballasting. Mean draft 19'4" 1035 Lowered stern gate. 1039 Commenced docking LCM's. 1040 Secured ballasting. Mean draft 26"4". 1055 Commenced unballasting. 1117 Completed docking LCM's. 1030 Commenced hoisting in LCPR.

1320 Completed unballasting. Draft 14'9" fwd, 19'6" aft 17'4" mean. 1405 Commenced steaming on various courses at various speeds to leave Meli Bay in formation.

1816 Let go anchor. 90 fathoms of chain in 37 fathoms of water in Havannah Harbor. 1820 Secured both engines. Starboard boiler secured. Port boiler on line as auxiliary.

2152 Lt. Drenth and training party left ship for Navy Pier with overnight gear.



10 November 1943

Anchored in Havannah Harbor in 37 fathoms of water, 90 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor. Starboard boiler secured, port boiler on the line.

0800 Moored alongside tanker USS Tallulah taking on fuel. 1106 moved form anchorage to side of USS Tallulah alongside at 1132. 1145 Commenced pumping fuel. Draft of ship before fueling, Fwd 14'8" - Aft 19'4".

1230 Completed fueling, taking on 60,000 gallons. Draft after fueling forward - 15'0" Aft 19'8", mean 17'4". 1350 Moved from mooring back to anchorage. Anchored.

1550 Commenced heaving in anchor.1600 Shifted anchorage. 1646 Moored port side to LaSalle with lines to buoy. 1732 Secured starboard boiler, port boiler on line.



11 November 1943

Moored as before. 0320 Water barge came alongside to starboard and tied up. 0610 Began taking fresh water aboard from lighter. 1100 Completed taking on fresh water. Received 4580 gals.

1330 Shifted ballast forward. 1440 Completed shifting ballast forward. Draft of ship after unballasting forward 16'4" aft 17'9", mean 17'12".



12 November 1943

Moored port side to AP-120 LaSalle. No. 2 boiler is on the line for auxiliary purposed. LCVP laying to along side for duty. Gyro repeaters are cut out. Condition Yoke set. Ship in modified darkened condition.

0505 Lightened ship. 1030 Boat alongside with pontoons. 1100 Started to lift pontoons aboard. 1353 Commenced loading six more floats and steering apparatus from Barge along starboard side.



13 November 1943 Saturday

Moored as before.

1030 Made all preparations for getting underway. 1109 Underway from berth 13, maneuvering while waiting to take station in column.

1324 Proceeding to take station in column. 1330 Passed through anti- submarine nets. Steaming on various courses and speeds conforming to channel. 1509 C/c to 045 T., standard speed 13.5 knots. 1536 Commenced zigzagging according to plan #8.

(1600 - 2400 Several speed and course changes made. JB)



14 November 1943

Steaming in company with T.F. 53. This ship sixth in center column of transports, distance 700 yards - interval between columns 1500 yards, standard speed 13 kts. 168 RPM, course 045 True. Ship darkened, 5" gun manned, condition Yoke set.

0800 Steaming as before. Secured radar. 0926 Emergency turn to right 090 T. 0930 Emergency turn to right 135 T, Destroyer on port quarter dropping depth charges. 0933 Resumed base course 050 T.

1335 Maneuvered to attach approach deposition 20. 1422 Column guide made left turn. 1451 Column guide made right turn. 1458 Formed cruising disposition, plan 21. 1508 Ceased exercises.

1637 Emergency turn changed course to 010 PGC. 1646 Came to original base course 050 PGC. 1738 Set watch on radar. 1738 Darkened ship - sunset.

1914 Radar out of commission. 1950 Radar repairs completed. 2017 Radar out for repairs. 2035 Radar back in operation.



15 November 1943

Steaming in company with T.F. 53. This ship sixth in center column of transports. On base course 065 T, standard speed 165 RPM (13 knots). Ship in darkened condition, condition Yoke set, five inch gun manned, radar and TBY in operation. 0321 Radar reported out of order. 0332 Radar resumes working order.

0500 Dawn General Quarters. 0510 Secured from General Quarters. 0547 Column guide executed left turn. 0556 Changed base course to 020 and resumed zigzag plan #14. 0644 Executed emergency turn 5, to course 330 0644 Received report of underwater explosion 055 on T.B.Y. 0657 Executed emergency turn 4 to course 290 0705 Executed turn 9 to base course 020 0714 Commenced zigzagging according to plan 14. 0750 Gyro repeater checked with master gyro 1/2 error high.

1208 Changed fleet course to 065 T. Continued zigzag plan 14.

1803 Radar watch set. 1845 Ceased zigzag. 2230 Radar out of working order. 2242 Radar resumed working order.



16 November 1943

Steaming in convoy on course 090 T, standard speed 165 RPM, 13.5 knots, zigzagging according to plan #14. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set. 5" gun manned. Both boilers on the line. T.B.Y. and radar manned. 0100 followed column guide in changed of base course to 050 T. and resumed zigzag.

0500 Sounded dawn General quarters. 0515 Changed speed to 11 kts. 0525 Secured from General Quarters. 0547 Secured radar.

(Various courses and speed changes made from 0640 until 2400. JB)

0905 Two CLS, three DDs joined formation.



17 November 1943

Steaming in company with T.F. 53 on base course 045 T, using zigzag plan 14 P.A.C. 10. Standard speed is 13 kts, 165 RPM. Ship is darkened, condition Yoke set. 5" gun is manned. Both boilers on the line, T.B.Y and radar manned.

(Many course and speed changes made from 0530 until 2400. JB)

1801 Set radar watch. 1830 Ceased zigzagging. 2327 Radar reported out of commission.



18 November 1943

Steaming in company with T.F. 53 enroute Efate to Longsuit on base course 010 T. Speed 13 knots, 165 RPM. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set, 5" gun manned. Using Zigzag plan #14 PAC. 10. Radar under repair. 0010 Radar repairs completed.

(Speed and course changes made during the day.)

1757 Radar watch set. 2000 All ships executed emergency turn 50 to left to 270 T. 2015 All ships resumed base course 320 T.



19 November 1943

Steaming in company with T.F. 53 in cruising formation 21, this ship sixth in center column of transports. Standard speed 14 knots, 180 RPM. Ship darkened, condition Yoke set. 5" gun manned.

0530 General Quarters. 0600 Secured General Quarters. Lightened ship. 0622 8 friendly ships sighted bearing 032 T. 0715 Unidentified aircraft reported bearing 240 T. 0720 Aircraft reported friendly.

1030 Emergency turn to starboard to course 020 T. Ceased zigzagging. 1044 C/c to 320 T. 1056 Resumed zigzagging according to plan #6 base course 310 T.

1324 Sounded General Quarters on signal to repel air attack. 1415 Secured from General Quarters. (Many course and speed changes.)

1600 C/s to 12 knots, 155 RPMs. 1700 Changed fleet disposition to approach disposition 20, ceased zigzag. 1739 Took station as rear ship of Div. 6 astern of BELLATRIX.

1810 Sunset, darkened ship - set radar watch. 2020 Standard speed for force changed to nine (9) knots. Changed course to 280 T. 2155 Three LSTs joined task force and took station. 2201 Gunfire from 2 ships of task force commenced. 2206 Gunfire ceased. 77 rounds expended. 2252 Search-light sighted board in starboard lsn. (Don't know what lsn is. JB) 2254 Light turned off.



20 November 1943

Steaming in company approximately seven miles from TARAWA Island in approach attach formation following in wake of Bellsytix at 1000 yards, on course 270 T, Speed 8 knots (114 RPM) Condition Yoke set, 5" gun manned. Ship darkened. Radar and TBY manned. Continued steaming on various speeds to keep in formation. 0042 Changed base course to 315 T. 0312 Commenced ballasting.

0400 Stopped all engines, commenced ballasting. 0452 Hoisted out LCP(R). 0506 LCMs 1,6 and 9 left ship. 0509 LCMs 7,2 and 3 left ship. 0514 LCMs 5,8 and 11 left ship. 0519 LCMs 14, 10 and 13 left ship. 0525 LCMs 12, 15 and 4 left ship. 0530 Ceased ballasting. 0537 Pontoon Barge left ship. 0542 Commenced unballasting. 0547 hoisted out LCVP. 0615 LCPR left ship with Recon. party. 0615 LCVP left ship with Pilot, Lt. Page. Ship remaining in transport area off Helen maintaining position using various courses and slow speeds, Captain Conning. 0750 Completed unballasting, mean draft 16'7".

Steaming on various courses at various speeds to maintain position in transport area. 0824 Hoisted in LCVP #2. 1045 LCM #10 came alongside. 1048 LCM 14 returned, 1050 LCM 1 returned. 1055 Commenced loading oil drums into LCM 10. 1100 LCPR alongside with one Marine casualty - LCMs 4 and 5 re-turned. 1118 LCM 8 alongside. 1130 Hoisted Marine casualties six in number until 1154 -- 1155 LCM 15 with ammunition left for the beach.

1206 LCM #8 Cast off. 1206 LCM #3 returned & 2 Marine casualties taken aboard. 1216 LCM #3 cast off. 1217 LCM #2 returned and 2 Marine casualties taken on aboard. 1229 LCM #2 cast off. 1235 LCM #7 returned and 2 Marine casualties taken on board & LCM #7 cast off. 1246 LCM #14 left for Sherian. 1440 LCMs 8, 10, 11 & 7 left for Monrovia. 1445 Lt. Col. Sevinciski USMC embarked in LCM #2. 1450 LCM #3 & 1452 LCM #3 cast off for beach. 1515 LCMs 12 & 5 left ship for Monrovia. 1524 LCPR left ship with Marine casualty for Monrovia. 1526 LCM #9 left ship for Monrovia. 1534 LCM #10 left ship for lagoon.

1812 Sunset. Darkened ship. Set condition 2 Mike on 5" gun. 1816 Went to General Quarters. 1835 Commenced firing starboard battery. 1837 Ceased firing. 1945 Secured from General Quarters.



21 November 1943

Steaming on various courses and speeds in transport area on westerly side of TARAWA Island. Ship darkened, condition Yoke and 2 Mike set. Radar watch set. Several fires on island visible.

0453 Gunfire observed at 270 R. and 180 R. from friendly ships. 0525 Plane overhead at about 1000 feet, later identified as "Betty", flew over and fired about 20 rounds of small caliber in attempt to strafe deck. Fire was ineffective except on round which hit #3 40MM director tub and ricocheted into after conning station where the projectile disintegrated.

Projectile was apparently a tracer as pint was scratched where it came into contact with armored tub. General Quarters sounded immediately but no further enemy craft observed. 0617 Secured from General Quarters.

1245 PA10-14 came alongside for gasoline fuel. 1325 PA3-18 came alongside with two marine casualties. 1431 Commenced unballasting further. 1535 KA19-16 came alongside with one casualty. 1555 Put LCPR 1 into the water for trip to the Maryland. 1558 LCM #4 returned to the ship with crew and three men from LCM 13 and one man from LCM 6.

1813 Commenced zigzagging in accordance with plan #14. 1815 Radar watch set. 1844 Observed anti-aircraft fire on port quarter. All guns placed on alert. 1859 Guns ordered to stand easy.



22 November 1943

Steaming in company with 10 transports and DD screen. This ship second in center column transports astern of the USS Monrovia, guide. Standard speed 13.5 kts, 175 RPM, base course 180 T. Ship darkened condition yoke set, 5" gun and some automatic guns manned.

0535 Dawn General Quarters. 0612 Secured from General Quarters. Lighted ship. 0620 Radar secured.

1125 Both engines stopped. Standing in transport area off TARAWA Island. 1300 Commenced receiving on board boat pool personnel and gear from all ships.

1600 KA20-12 alongside, casualty brought aboard. 1606 KA20-12 cast off. 1608 PA10-3 alongside with prisoners. 1632 PA1-2 alongside, Pilot aboard, boat cast off. 1132 LCM PA25 alongside. 1640 Set special Sea Detail. PA10-3 cast off. 1645 On various courses and speeds conforming to channel to enter lagoon. All boats alongside cast off. 1656 degaussing system placed in operation. 1738 Let go port anchor - anchored in lagoon off TARAWA Island with 15 fathoms of chain on deck in 7 fathoms of water.

1803 LCM #8 alongside 5 casualties taken aboard. 1815 Anchor away, radar watch set. Darkened ship. 1819 LCM #3 cast off. 1825 Let go anchor, 45 fathoms of chain in 8 fathoms of water.

2000 Anchored as before. Intermittent gunfire being observed on shore of "Helen" Island, TARAWA Atoll. Bow and stern sentries instructed to keep all small craft away. Radar and T.B.Y. are manned.



23 November 1943

At anchor in lagoon, TARAWA Island, in 8 fathoms of water with 45 fathoms of chain to port anchor. Ship darkened. Bow and stern sentries and lookouts at stations.

0425 All hands to General Quarters. 0611 Secured from General Quarters. 0600 PA2-2 alongside to be hoisted for repairs. 0731 Hoisted aboard LCM #14. 0730 Pilot left ship for the Monrovia. 0715 LCM #4 alongside with jeep and truck to be hoisted aboard. 0735 LCVP of PA51 alongside to be hoisted for repairs.

0800 ka-1-1 alongside. Boat pool personnel aboard. 0802 Boat cast off. 0812 PA-3-14 hoisted aboard for repair. 0903 Commenced loading ammunition in PA 3-2. 0938 Hoisted out PA 2-2 repairs completed. 0942 Hoisted out PA-3-14 repairs completed. 0955 PA-3-10 hoisted aboard for repairs. 0959 PA-51-9 hoisted aboard for repair. 1100 LCT-256 alongside starboard for repair. 1055 PA-3-20 fueled. 1116 PA-3-10 hoisted out, repairs completed. 1140 KA-3-11 hoisted in for repair. 1141 Completed loading ammunition into PA-3-2, 2000 rounds 40MM, 2160 rounds 20MM incendiary, 1080 rounds 20MM. 1145 PA-3-2 cast off.

1232 KA3-11 hoisted aboard. 1248 PA51-9 hoisted out on starboard side. 1400 PA3-6 hoisted aboard amphibious tank 2-43 hoisted aboard. 1605 Hoisted in PA51-8. 1652 Hoisted out PA51-8. 1745 Hoisted in KA3-12. 1756 Hoisted in KA2-20. 1816 Sunset, darkened ship, manned radar. LCT-256 still alongside, removing ballast, various movement of small boats.

2109 Captain left ship. 2306 Captain returned aboard.



24 November 1943

Anchored in TARAWA Lagoon with 45 fathoms to the port anchor in eight fathoms of water. Radar, TBY and 5" gun watch set. LCT 256 alongside to starboard completing repairs. Ship darkened, condition yoke set. Both engines on standby. 0038 LCT #256 cast off from starboard side. Commenced refueling boats on port side. 0323 General Quarters sounded. Tracer fire observed from ship on starboard side. 0330 Ships to starboard underwent strafing from aircraft and returned fire.

0400 As before. Servicing and repairing landing craft. 0558 Secured from General Quarters. 0730 Hoisted in PA 51-14.

0800 As before. Servicing and repairing landing craft.

1200 Continued to take boats alongside, to unload, fuel, provide relief crews and dispatch in accordance with orders control boat. 1224 PA-36-24 cast off to transfer 15 casualties to USS HEYWOOD. 1229 PA2-19 for repair. 1245 Hoisted out PA-3-6 repairs completed. 1252 Hoisted out PA 2-3 repairs completed. 1315 Hoisted out KA-3-2 repair completed. 1340 Hoisted out PA-54-14 repairs completed. 1357 General Quarters. 1420 Secure from General Quarters.1528 Hoisted out LCM #12, repairs completed. 1540 Hoisted PA 102 aboard for repairs. 1555 Hoisted out PA-2-8 repairs completed.

1600 Anchored as before. Servicing and repairing landing craft. 1730 General Quarters on Red Flash from Commander Load Force. 1735 Secured from General Quarters.

1800 Anchored as before. 1840 PA51-1 Hoisted aboard.

2000 As before. 2024 Boat fueling party secure - Fuel expended during the day 1600 gallons.



25 November 1943

At Anchor in lagoon, TARAWA Island with 45 fathoms of chain to port anchor in 8 fathoms of water. Radar, TBY & 5" gun watch set, ship darkened, bow and stern sentries set. Condition Yoke set. Both engines on standby. Pontoon Barge alongside starboard for repair. 18 LCVPs and 5 LCM's tied up astern for night.

0530 General Quarters. 0550 Secured general quarters. Servicing and repairing landing craft. 0615 Secured radar.

0939 Hoisted in PA10-1. Hoisted out PA2-4. 1045 Hoisted out PA10-1. 1125 Hoisted in PA25-25. 1155 Hoisted out PA2-19.

1625 P102-2 hoisted out, repair completed. P49-15 hoisted out, repairs completed. 1706 KA-3 hoisted aboard for repairs. 1743 PA20-25 hoisted out, repairs completed.

0615 Order given to tie up all unoccupied boats astern.





26 November 1943

At anchor, TARAWA lagoon, 45 fathoms chain to port anchor - depth of water 8 fathoms. Radar, TBY and 5" gun manned. Ship darkened. Condition Yoke set. Bow and stern sentries set. Both engines on standby. Picket boat alongside and seventeen landing craft made fast to a stern wire bridle.

0530 General Quarters. 0600 Secure from General Quarters. Lightened ship. Secured radar watch. 0745 Hoisted out PA6-21 repairs completed.

1200 Disembarking boat pool personnel and material. 1518 Completed disembarking boat pool. 1545 Hoisted in LCM #1. 1554 Hoisted in LCM 3.

1643 Hoisted in LCM 4. 1643 Hoisted in LCM 7. 1710 Hoisted in LCM 10. 1756 Hoisted LCM #2 aboard. 1808 Ships #2 boat hoisted out. 1815 LCM #8 hoisted aboard. 1816 Darkened ship. Set radar watch. 1841 PA2-2 hoisted aboard for repairs. 1940 Hoisted aboard LCM #9.

2000 Gun crews alerted on signal of condition Red in area. 2030 Condition Green set.



27 November 1943

At anchor in lagoon, TARAWA Island in 8 fathoms of water with 45 fathoms of chain to port anchor. Engines in standby status. Ship darkened. Condition Yoke set. Radar, TBY and 5" gun manned. Bow and stern sentries set. Picket boat patrolling around ship. 1 LCM moored astern.

0530 Held General Quarters. 0605 Secured from General Quarters. 0625 secured radar. 0703 Hoisted aboard LCM #5. Ship continued to provide service and repair to various landing craft.

0856 LCVP hoisted aboard for repair. 1015 LCVP hoisted out, repairs completed. 1026 PA35-17 hoisted aboard. 1117 Commenced ballasting. Draft 14'6" forward, 16' aft. 1145 PA25-17 hoisted out, repairs completed.

1217 Secured ballasting down. 1232 Commenced ballasting down. 1257 Commenced lowering stern gate and prepared to send off landing craft. 1320 Dispatched 8 LCMs and 5 LCVPs to Sarah Ialnd under command of LT(jg) Edgar. 1342 Dispatched 3 LCM's to Red Beach #3 under command of LT(jg) Levine to return Sherman tanks. 1355 Ceased ballasting. 1451 Hoisted out ships boat #1 and dispatched same to Red Beach #3 to assist Lt(jg) Levine. 1503 LCM #4 entered well deck carrying medium tanks. 1530 LCM #4 left well and returned to beach. 1548 LCM #1 came along starboard side with tanks to be hoisted aboard. 1556 Commenced unballasting ship.

1616 Hoisted in one Sherman tank. 1643 LCVP ship's boat alongside with casualties. 1705 LCVP #2 with Ens. Keegan in charge and casualties left ship.

2000 Observed sunset, darkened ship, set radar watch. 1830 Completed unballasting. 2200 6 LCM's tied up at stern of ship. #1 boat patrolling around ship.



28 November 1943

Anchored as before. Picket boat patrolling around ship. 0340 LCM #4 returned to ship with medium tanks and tied up on port side astern.

0530 Dawn General Quarters. 0600 Secured from General Quarters. 0730 All LCM's to beach with Ens. Levine in charge to embark tanks.

1040 Hoisted tank aboard from LCM #2. 1048 Hoisted LCM's. 1103 Hoisted tank from LCM #7. 1104 Hoisted tank from LCM #5. 1115 Hoisted aboard LCM #5.

1225 Hoisted LCM #7 aboard. 1305 LCT #256 alongside. 1316 Commenced hoisting tanks aboard from LCT. 1355 Hoisted LCM #9 aboard. 1416 Hoisted LCM #8 aboard. 1432 Completed hoisting tanks aboard (6) light tanks and two (2) medium tanks. 1434 LCT 256 cast off. 1435 LCM #4 hoisted aboard. 1453 LCM #1 hoisted aboard. 1540 Set Special Sea Detail. 1545 degaussing system cut in. 1558 Pilot, Lt. Page, New Zealand Navy aboard. 1603 Underway on various courses and speeds conforming to channel in lagoon.

1639 Cleared flag buoys making lagoon entrance. Stopped both engines. 1635 BA-1-51-1 cast off with pilot, Lt. Page. 1642 Hoisted ships #1 boat LCPR aboard. Continued on various courses and speeds to take position in convoy in cruising formation #21, column guide USS Feland, as ship no. 1-4 following astern of USS Thurban. 1820 Commenced zigzagging according to plan #14. 1910 Ceased zigzagging and resumed base course 215 T. 1941 Executed emergency turn 5 to 265 T. 1953 Resumed base course.



29 November 1943

Steaming in company with G.G. 53.8, eight transports with BB and DD screen. This ship fourth in left hand column of transports. On course 045 T, speed 12 kts., 153 RPM. Ship is darkened, condition Yoke is set and 5" gun is manned.

0515 Commenced zigzagging according to plan #14. 0843 General Quarters. 1030 Secured from General Quarters. Continued on various courses and speeds in accordance with turn signals from task force commander.

1743 Formed cruising disposition #21 and c/s to 15 knots. 1811 Sunset, darkened ship.



30 November 1943

Steaming in company with T.G. 53.8. Transports in two columns. This ship fourth in left hand column. On course 080 T. Ship is in darkened condition; 5' gun manned; radar watch set; condition "yoke" set. 0500 Commenced to zigzag in accordance with plan 6. 0530 General Quarters. 0555 Secured from General Quarters. Lightened ship. Secured radar. 2220 ceased zigzagging. Resumed base course 080 T.



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF DECEMBER, 1943



1 December 1943

ASHLAND is attached to the Fifth Amphibious Forces, Pacific Fleet, temporarity attached to Group Two, Southern Attach Force, for the Gilbert Island operations conducted by Central Pacific Force. OTC in U.S.S. COLORADO. Task Unit designation 53.8.5. Fleet guide U.S.S. ZEILIN with transports U.S.S. MIDDLETON, HARRY LEE, FELAND, ORMSBY; Supply ships VIRGO, THUBAN; Aircraft carrier PRINCTON and four destroyers in screen. Cruising formation 21. Units in company are retiring from the Gilbert Islands towards PEARL HARBOR. Cruising formation 21. This force zigzagged during daylight and during darkness when moon was up. No enemy activities were sighted.

Expended 281 rounds 20 MM and 132 rounds 40 m.m. service ammunition in training, firing at a towed sleeve.



1-5 December 1943:

Formation and conditions unchanged.



6 December 1943:

Following named vessels left the formation at 1315: U.S.S. ZEILIN, LEE FRELAND and ORMSBY,, destination Hilo, Hawaii.



7 December 1943:

Task unit entered PEARL HARBOR at 1000.



8 December 1943:

At 1630 ship got underway in accordance with verbal orders of Comfifphibpac and joined up with U.S.S. FRELAND, ORMSBY, McCORD (DE) and set course for Hilo.



9 December 1943:

At 1430 anchored in Hilo harbor. Discharged Marine personnel and cargo using ship's boats. At 2345 got underway for Kahului, Maui. U.S.S. GREINER (DE) escort.



10 December 1943:

At 1000 went alongside pier 2, Kahului, Maui. Hoisted out six medium tanks. At 1120 got underway for PEARL HARBOR. At 1800 entered PEARL HARBOR.



11-31 December 1943:

Granted Navy Yard availability for repairs and alterations for remainder of month.

C.L.C. ATKESON



1944



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF JANUARY, 1944



1-8 January 1944 Zone time plus 9 1/2

The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the Fifth Amphibious Force, Pacific Force. Assigned Navy Yard availability during above period for urgent alterations which changed the characteristics of this vessel. Over the after portion of the dry dock space a deck was installed at the main deck level for the primary purpose of carrying 21 landing vehicles, tractor. The fireroom forced draft blowers were replaced with turbine blowers.



9 January 1944

Completed deperming and shifted to buoy Xray eight, PEARL HARBOR. Received six crews for LCM(3) boats.



10 January 1944

Secured to buoys Xray-8, PEARL HARBOR. Received 9 LCM(3) from Waipio Amphibious Operating Base.



11 January 1944

Ballasted ship and loaded into dry dock 18 LCM(3), each boat loaded with a medium tank of "A" Company 767 Tank Battalion, U.S. Army in preparation for rehearsal operations.



12 January 1944

Got underway with Task Force 52 (Rear Admiral Turner) for rehearsal area south of Maui, T.H.



13 January 1944

Task Unit 52.17 arrived Maaliea Bay at 0400 and conducted rehearsal landing operations. While ship was at anchor, ballasted down and unloaded all 18 LCM(3) with medium tanks at 1037. Reembarked boats beginning at noon, sea was calm and operation of undocking and docking craft was uneventful. The newly installed deck over the dry dock permits only 30 inches clearance between boat ramps and deck. In rough water, the boat ramps will pound up against this deck. Task Group 52.5 (Captain Knowles) arrived during the forenoon.



14 January 1944

Remained at anchor. Transport Division Four reembarked troops engaged in training exercise.



15 January 1944

At 0315 Task Group 52.17 got underway and proceeded to training area west of Kahoolawei. Ship did not ballast down or discharge medium tanks. At 1630 proceeded with Task Unit 52.5.1 (Captain McGovern) towards PEARL HARBOR, speed 12 knots.



16 January 1944

At 0800 left formation in area C-9 twenty miles south of PEARL HARBOR and conducted anti-aircraft machine gun practice "How" and "George", firing at towed sleeves. Rounds fired, 9 - 5"38, 273 - 40 mm., 853 - 20 mm. Lack of time prevented examination of sleeves for hits. At 1100 entered PEARL HARBOR channel and secured to buoys Xray-8.



17 January 1944

Moored as before. At 1300 ballasted ship and unloaded 18 LCM(3) with medium tanks. Tanks were unloaded on beach near berth K-12, the boats were re-embarked in the dock and the ship unballasted.



18 January 1944

At 1800 got underway and shifted berth to G-D-2, Navy Yard, PEARL HARBOR.



19 January 1944

Minor repairs in progress.



20 January 1944

At 1610 shifted berth to buoys at Xray-8.



21 January 1944

At 0700 ballasted ship down and sent the 18 LCM(3) in to beach at berth K-12 to load 18 medium tanks of Company C, 767 Tank Battalion, U.S. Army with tank personnel. Reloaded boats into dock and unballasted ship.



22 January 1944

At 1145 got underway in accordance with Commander Task Force 52 (Rear Admiral Turner, Commander Fifth Amphibious Force) Operation Order A1-44 and at 1600 formed Cruising Disposition 3-1-1, Standard speed 13.5 knots on course 229 true. O.T.C. in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT. This vessel assigned to Commander Task Group 52.5 (Captain Knowles) and to Task Unit 52.5.5 (Captain Atkeson) for cruising formation enroute to capture the Marshall Islands. At 1746 changed course to 257 true. At 1800 set clocks to zone plus 10 time.



23 - 24 January 1944

Steaming as before. Speed and course changes. Emergency drills and maneuvers held.



25 January 1944

Steaming with Task Force 52 as before. At 0859 maneuvered with Task Force to simulate avoiding air attack. At 1222 fell out of formation because the port feed pump stuck, regained position at 1245.



26 January 1944

Steaming as before. At 0640 changed fleet course to 110 and standard speed to 8 knots during fueling operations. Secured port engine to plug leaky condenser tube. Repairs completed at 1045. At 1710 fueling operations completed.



27 - 29 January 1944

Steaming as before. Held various drills and fleet maneuvers during the day. Various course and speed changes.



30 January 1944

Steaming as before. At 1531 formation executed ship's left 60 because a submarine sound contact was reported on starboard van of screen. At 1609 resumed base course 250 At 1708 Task Group 62.5 left formation, task unit 52.17 formed cruising formation 3-L-3. At 1645 changed course to 197 true, approach plan executed for attack on KWAJALEIN, Marshall Islands.



31 January 1944

Steaming in company with Task Group 52.17 (Rear Admiral Turner, Commander Fifth Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet) in approach formation for D-Day attack on KWAJALEIN, Marshall Islands, course 195T, speed 15 knots. At 0200 changed course 195T. At 0254 changed course to 310 At 0510 changed course to 010T. At 0545 stopped in troop transfer area One-Able. Maneuvered to maintain position. Assigned troops were transferred to LST's from advance transport ships. H-hour for landings on Ennylabegan and Enubuj Islands was 0910. All landings were successful, with very few casualties to own troops. At 1500 hoisted out ten amphibian tractors in forty-five minutes. At 1720 proceed into KWAJALEIN lagoon and anchored in anchorage area C-14.

C.L.C. ATKESON



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY 1944



1 February 1944

The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the Fifth Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet, temporarity attached to Task Force 52 (Rear Admiral Turner, Commander Fifth Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet) and Southern Attack Force for the attack on souther portion of KWAJALEIN Atoll, Marshall Islands. Further assigned to C.T.G. 52.5 (Captain Knowles, Transport Commander, Southern Attack Force) and to C.T.U. 52.5.1 (Captain McGovern, Commander Advance Transport Unit, Southern Attack Force.

Time zone plus 12, west longitude date in effect. Weather normal. D-day for landing on KWAJALEIN Island. H-hour is 0930.

Ship is anchored in KWAJALEIN lagoon three miles north of Ennylabegen Island. At 0500 ballasted down to unload 18 LCM(3) which were loaded with 18 medium tanks of Company "C", 767 Tank Battalion, U.S. Army. At 0700 sent all boats to line of departure to await call to land on red beaches, at western end of KWAJALEIN Island. All tanks were landed successfully during the day. No casualties to boats or boat personnel. At 1315 shifted berth three miles to westward.



2 February 1944

Anchored as before. Attack on KWAJALEIN Island by Seventh Division, U.S. Army in progress assisted by naval surface bombardment and naval air bombing.

Engaged in repairing landing boats of own and other ships. Furnishing LCM(3) for unloading other ships of Transport Division Four. At 1500 started to reembark medium tanks of Company "C" on red and green beaches KWAJALEIN Island for subsequent landing on Ebeye Island. LCM(3) No. 17 capsized with tank during loading operations. Not salvaged.



3 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 0730 despatched seventeen LCM(3) with tanks for attack on Ebeye Island. Seven boats were supplied by U.S.S LINDENWALD (LSD-6), and five boats from U.S.S. BELLE GROVE (LSD-2). Two tank platoons landed during the day, one platoon returned to ship during the night and the tanks were hoisted aboard.



4 February 1944

Anchored as before. Continued to repair, service and despatch LCM(3)'s as directed by Commander Transport Division Four. At 0630 hoisted out five tanks for attack on Loi Island. At 1600 got underway to shift berth to 3000 yards west of Ebeije Island. Sent LCM(3) to embark eleven tanks from Ebeije Island. All sixteen operating tanks of Company "C" secured at ship overnight. Ebeije Island capture completed.



5 February 1944

Anchored 3000 yards west of Ebeije Island, KWAJALEIN lagoon. At 0730 despatched sixteen LCM(3) with tanks for landing on Loi and Gugegwe Islands. At 1700 attacks completed, despatched LCM(3) to reload tanks and transfer them to KWAJALEIN Island. Company "C" personnel and equipment complete were transferred to KWAJALEIN Island during the night.



6 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 0800 ballasted ship and loaded twelve LCM(3) empty, into dock. Unballasted and got underway at 1015 for Roi-Namur Islands making passage through lagoon. At 1400 arrived and reported to CTF 53 for loading Marine Corps equipment. At 1430 anchored in berth 63 Roi Namur anchorage. At 1500 ballasted down and unloaded 12 LCM(3). These boats were despatched to shore to load Marine Corps water distilling units and trailers. Boats returned at 2300 and they were loaded in the ship and the ship unballasted.



7 February 1944

Anchored in Roi Mamur harbor as before. At 0800 LST 222 came along starboard side. Hoisted on board three medium tanks from LST 222. At 1030 LST 222 cast off. At 1045 got underway to return to KWAJALEIN anchorage, making passage through lagoon. At 1430 anchored 2000 yards west of southern end of Ebeige Island, KWAJALEIN. Ballasted down and unloaded all LCM(3)'s.



8 February 1944

Anchored as before, Receiving medium tank of Second Separate Tank Company, Twenty Second Marines, from U.S.S. ELECTRA and U.S.S. MIDDLETON. Continuing repair work on various landing craft.



9 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 1552 shifted berth to KA-7 to clear seaplane area. Repairs to landing craft in progress.



10 February 1944

Anchored as before. 1756 shifted berth to KA-8 to facilitate boat repair nearer KWAJALEIN Island beaches.



11 February 1944

At 1200 GCT, February 11, 1944 Task Forces 52 and 53 dissolved. This vessel as part of Task Force 51 (Rear Admiral Turner, Commander Fifth Amphibious Force) was assigned to Task Group 51.11 (Rear Admiral Hill, Commander Group Two, Fifth Amphibious Force) and to Task Group 51.14 (Captain Loomis, Commander Transport Division 20) and Task Unit 51.14.3 (Captain Nisson, Commander Transport Divison Thirty).



12 February 1944

Anchored as before. Held various drills and continued repairs to landing craft of various ships present and KWAJALEIN Boat Pool.



13 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 0715 got underway, went alongside U.S.S. SCHUYIKILL and took 5000 barrels of fuel oil. At 1120 returned to anchorage KA-9. Continued repairs to landing crafts.



14 February 1944

Servicing and repairing landing craft for KWAJALEIN boat pool. Conference on board U.S.S LEONARD WOOD by C.T.G. 51.11 (Rear Admiral Hill, Commander Group Two, Fifth Amphibious Force, and Commander Expeditionary Force for capture of ENIWETOK Atoll).



15 February 1944

AT 1315 got underway in company with Task Group 51.11 and departed KWAJALEIN lagoon via Cecil Pass. At 1800 formed cruising disposition 91. Route of task group from KWAJALEIN to ENIWETOK east and north of KWAJALEIN.



17 February 1944

Steaming in company with Task Group 51.11. At 0945 entered ENIWETOK lagoon via Deep Entrance. At 1236 anchored with transport group in area seven miles south of Engebi Island. Landing attacks were made on small islands south of Engebi. At 1617 got underway and shifted anchorage to a position four miles southwest of Engebi Island.



18 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 0700 undocked landing craft and sent sixteen LCM to line of departure loaded with medium tanks for assault on Engebi Island. H-hour was 0845. While enroute from line of departure to beach ICM No. 6 flooded due to faulty ramp mechanism. The boat swamped and the medium tank sank in about sixty feet of water. Four members of tank crew, Second Separate Tank Co., 22nd Marine Regiment are missing, presumed to be drowned. One member of tank crew and all boat crew rescued. The LCM was salvaged. At 1600 the landing craft were sent to beach to reembark all medium tanks. Engebi Island was secured by 1800. At 1046 shifted anchorage to transport area two miles west of Engebi Island.



19 February 1944

Anchored as before. Work in progress to fuel and rearm all tanks for attack on ENIWETOK Island. At 0234 thirteen tanks in LCM's left ship, escorted by SC1066 for twenty mile run to line of departure for landing on ENIWETOK Island. At 0700 got underway and proceeded south in lagoon. At 0856 anchored in vicinity of Transport Division 30 in area three miles north of ENIWETOK Island. Assault landings on ENIWETOK Island in progress beginning at 0922. Engaged in repair work on landing craft of which seventy percent out of commission, mainly casualties to ramp operating mechanism.



20 February 1944

Anchored as before off ENIWETOK Island. Continuing repair work on landing craft. At 1600 sent fourteen LCM to beach to reembark medium tanks. At 1900 ballasted ship down to received LCM loaded with medium tanks. At 2330 fourteen boats arrived at ship and entered dock. Unballasted ship. ENIWETOK Island was secured.



21 February 1944

Anchored as before. Repair work in progress. Medium tanks being repaired, fueled and rearmed preparatory to assault landing on Parry Island.



22 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 0700 ballasted down, undocked fourteen LCM loaded with medium tanks and sent them to line of departure for assault on Parry Island. At 0915 all medium tanks were landed without casualty. At 1027 shifted berth to one mile west of ENIWETOK Island and received on board 3rd Battalion, 106th Infantry, 27th Div., U.S. Army. At 1315 shifted berth to two miles west of Parry Island. The troops remained on board overnight. Parry Island was secured.



23 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 0855 debarked 3rd Battalion, 106th Infantry. At 0830 received 17 LVT(A) of Company "A", 708 Amphibious Tank Battalion, U.S. Army. At 1000 received 2 LVT(2) of Company "D", 708 Amphibious Tank Battalion. At 1527 twelve medium tanks of Second Separate Tank Company, 22nd Marines were hoisted on board with personnel.



24 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 0900 transferred 15 LCM with crews and three officers to the boat pools ENIWETOK Atoll. At 1300 transferred all personnel and equipment of Second Separate Tank Company to U.S.S. President Monroe and U.S.S. Middleton. Twelve medium tanks remained on board. At 1400 received 8 Kukws and 2 LVT(2) of 7th Division 57 Field Artillery, U.S. Army for transportation to PEARL HARBOR.



25 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 0930 got underway in company with Task Unity 55.2.3 (Captain Johnson, U.S.S. INDIANAPOLIS as directed by C.T.G. 51.11 (Rear Admiral Hill, Commander Group Two, Fifth Amphibious Force) and proceeded to Roi, KWAJALEIN Atoll. Formation eleven transports in three columns. Guide in U.S.S. LEONARD WOOD, O.T.C. in U.S.S. INDIANAPOLIS. Zigzagged during daylight.



26 February 1944

Steaming as before. Transports steering various courses at various speeds entering Ivan Pass, Roi harbor at 1731. At 1824 anchored in berth 126.





27 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 1130 shifted berth to berth 24 Rio harbor. Received Battery A, Fourth Special Weapons Battalion, 1st platoon with all equipment. At 1800 received Company A, Fourth Tank Battalion. At 1300 started unloading 12 medium tanks on small island just south of Namur.



28 February 1944

Anchored as before. Continued unloading medium tanks of Second Separate Tank Co., 22nd Marines. At 1130 commenced loading eleven light tanks of Company A, Fourth Tank Battalion. Received fifteen passenger officers. Received three Japanese prisoners of war from U.S.S. RELIEF.



29 February 1944

Anchored as before. At 0945 got underway in company with Task Unit 55.2.9 (Captain Loomis, Commander Transport Division Twenty) in accordance with C.T.G. 51.11 dispatch 261100 destination PEARL HARBOR. At 1015 cleared Ivan Pass. Transports in two columns, O.T.C. and guide in U.S.S. LEONARD WOOD.

C.L.C. ATKESON

ACTION or REPORT OF OPERATIONS ENIWETOK ATOLL, MARSHALL ISLANDS

17 February to 23 February 1944



PART I - GENERAL NARRATIVE



1. This vessel participated in the capture of ENIWETOK Atoll as a part of Task Group 51.11 (Rear Admiral HILL, Commander Group TWO, FIFTH Amphibious Force, U.S.S. CAMBRIA,) on February 17 to 23, 1944. The essential features of the action insofar as this vessel was concerned, was the landing of medium tanks on ENGEBI, ENIWETOK and PARRY Islands. This vessel was not attacked nor did it participate in the shore bombardment. Zone time plus TWELVE, West Longitude Date in effect.



2. PRELIMINARIES

(a) On February 11, 1944, while at KWAJALEIN Anchorage, this vessel was assigned to Task Group 51.11. This Task Group departed KWAJALEIN Anchorage for ENIWETOK at 1315, February 15, 1944. Commander Task Force 51 Operation Plan A9-44 and Commander Task Group 51.11 Operation Plan A105-44 in effect. The route of the Task Group for ENIWETOK was east and north of KWAJALEIN. No unusual incidents occurred during the voyage.

(b) The mission assigned this vessel was the transportation of sixteen medium tanks and personnel of the SECOND Separate Tank Company, TWENTY SECOND Marines, and the landing of these tanks loaded in LCM(3) in the assault on the island of ENGEBI, ENIWETOK, and PARRY as directed by CTG 51.11 Attack Order A106-44 and CTG 51.14 Attack Order 2-44.

(c) Own forces consisted of the task organization as listed in CTG 51.11 Attack Order A106-44. This force entered ENIWETOK lagoon via deep passage at 0945, February 17, 1944 in a single Column. Order of entrance, Minesweeper Group, Fire Support Group, USS CAMBRIA, Transport Division THIRTY, Transport Division TWENTY. At 1230 Transport Divisions TWENTY and THIRTY anchored in the lagoon about seven miles south of ENGEBI Island. Fire Support Group proceeded with bombardment of ENGEBI and small islands to the southward.

(d) No enemy forces were sighted by this ship other than one small surface craft which was fired upon by destroyers of the Fire Support Group. At 1617 this vessel got underway with Transport Division TWENTY and shifted berth to a position four miles southwest of ENGEBI Island.

(e) The wind was from the northeast, Force three, the sea inside the lagoon was smooth, and the visibility was unlimited.



PART II - CHRONOLOGICAL ACCOUNT



1. This vessel took no part in the action until February 18, 1944.



(a) Ballasted ship down and undocked the 18 LCM(3)'s as follows:



0500 Commenced ballasting.

0509 Opened stern gate.

0603 First group of 3 LCM undocked.

0604 Second group of 3 LCM undocked.

0606 Third group of 3 LCM undocked.

0609 Fourth group of 3 LCM undocked.

0614 Fifth group of 3 LCM undocked.

0615 Sixth group of 3 LCM undocked.

0615 Commenced unballasting.

0715 The sixteen LCM(3)'s carrying medium tanks proceeded to Line of Departure assembly area preparatory to landing on ENGEBI Island in fourth and fifth waves. HOW Hour was 0845. At 0930 the boat crew of LCM-6 had returned on board and stated that LCM-6 had flooded with water due to failure of bat ramp mechanism and that the tank had sunk about five hundred yards from the beach. The boat capsized and the tank personnel were missing. All other boats and tanks landed on schedule without difficulty.

1046 Shifted berth to Transport Area TWO about two miles west of ENGEBI Island.

1227 LCM-6 was towed alongside by LCM-441. The LCM was floating upside down, ramp cables broken. The boat was hoisted on board and complete repairs effected.

1611 Started loading medium tanks into LCM from ENGEBI Island, the capture of the island having been completed.

1812 Several LCM with medium tanks arrived alongside for servicing and re-arming preparatory to assault on ENIWETOK Island.



February 19, 1944.



0247 The servicing of tanks having been completed, twelve LCMs were despatched in company with SC 1066 to proceed to assembly area near Line of Departure for assault on ENIWETOK Island. The distance to this area was about 25 miles across the lagoon. All boats arrive about 0730. This procedure was followed rather than landing the boats into the ship because it was considered too hazardous to move the ship during darkness which would have been necessary with HOW Hour set for 0845.

0909 Got underway and proceeded to Transport Area three miles north of ENIWETOK Island. Anchored at 0846.

1000 Various LCMs returned to ship after landing tanks on ENIWETOK Island on schedule without casualty to personnel. Several LCM had damaged ramp mechanism which required boats to be hoisted on board for repairs. Boats when available, were furnished to assist unloading other ships of Transport Division THIRTY.



February 20, 1944



1600 Sent 14 LCM to reembark medium tanks from beach, ENIWETOK Island.

1900 Ballasted ship down to load 14 LCM into ship for servicing medium tanks preparatory to assault landing on PARRY Island.



February 21, 1944



Repair work on LCM's and tanks in progress.



February 22, 1944



0502 Commenced ballasting ship.

0551 First boat undocked.

0558 All 14 LCM undocked.

0604 Unballasted ship.

0725 Despatched 14 LCM to assembly area and Line of Departure for assault landing on PARRY Island. All boats landed on schedule without casualty to personnel. Several boats damaged ramp cables and hoisting mechanism.

1027 Underway to shift berth nearer to ENIWETOK Island to receive on board THIRD Battalion, 106th Infantry, 27th Division, U.S. Army for transportation to PARRY Island.

1049 Anchored one mile west of ENIWETOK Island.

1315 Shifted berth to two miles west of PARRY Island, having embarked above battalion at stern gate. The battalion remained on board overnight, sleeping on deck in dock space.

1700 PARRY Island was secured.



February 23, 1944



0855 Debarked the above battalion and landed it on PARRY Island.

1527 Hoisted into dock space twelve medium tanks which were reloaded by LCM from PARRY Island. The capture of the Atoll was completed about 1700 on February 22, 1944.



PART III - PERFORMANCE OF ORDNANCE MATERIAL



1. There was no occasion to use own ordnance material. No ammunition was expended.

2. The effectiveness of enemy ordnance was not observed.



PART IV - BATTLE DAMAGE



1. There was no battle damage to this vessel. The LCM's suffered no battle damage other than damage to ramps and propellers incident to landing tanks. All boats were operating when the action ended.

2. The battle damage to the enemy was not observed.



PART V - SPECIAL COMMENTS



1. All communication facilities appeared to be adequate. There were no failures.

2. The repair facilities of this ship for repairs to LCM were heavily burdened and forced to operate twenty-four hours each day to keep all boats repaired. All other department activities were normal without incident.

3. The special incidents which are of interest are the loss of the medium tank during the assault landing on ENGEBI Island and the decision to transport the tanks for a distance of twenty five miles in LCM's rather than loading the boats into the ship.

As to the loss of the tank which sank when the LCM began to flood, it does not appear to have been caused by enemy shell fire hitting the boat. All boat coxswains were directed to lower the ramp as quickly as possible once the boat is on the beach. This is necessary to reduce the time that the boat may be under small arms fire, to permit the tank to proceed quickly onto the beach and to reduce the possibility of the boat broaching.

In this case, the port engine of LCM-6 had stopped running because of over-heating. The boat was proceeding on only the starboard engine. The coxswain, after leaving the Line of Departure and approaching the beach began to prepare the ramp for lowering. Apparently, the foot release mechanism was operated inadvertently during the excitement and the ramp opened three or four inches and the boat began to flood. Had the port engine been running the ramp could have been closed and no ill effect resulted.

At this time the tank crew had already manned the tank and secured the hatches inside. Every effort was made by the boat crew to warn the tank crew to get out of the tank but the hatches could not be opened from outside. As the boat continued to flood, it listed and capsized. One man escaped from the tank as it sank. Action has been taken to direct all LCM coxswains to keep all ramp holding devices in place until the boat first touches the beach and the tank crews should not lock the hatches until the boat is firmly beached.

The other point of interest was the decision to despatch LCM's during darkness in choppy water for a distance of twenty five miles. The results were satisfactory, all boats arrived as planned but considerable risk of breakdown was present. The Commanding Officer recommended this course of action but would hesitate to do so again.



PART V - PERSONNEL PERFORMANCE AND CASUALTIES



1. There were no casualties to naval personnel. Except for the loss of the tank described above, all personnel performed assigned duties in a highly satisfactory manner. The boat repair unit has been specially commended by the Commanding Officer. The task of restoring an LCM to service within two days after the engineroom has completely flooded was outstanding.



C.L.C. ATKESON



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF MARCH 1944



1 March 1944

(a) The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the FIFTH Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet, temporarily attached to Task Group 51.11 (Rear Admiral Hill, Commander Group Two, Fifth Amphibious Force, U.S.S. CAMBRIA) and to Task Unit 55.2.9 (Captain Loomis, Commander Transport Division Twenty, U.S.S. Leonard Wood.) Assault operations against ENIWETOK Atoll were completed February 23, 1944, and the above task unity is enroute from ENIWETOK to PEARL HARBOR with stop over at Roi, KWAJALEIN Atoll, to change certain units embarked.

Steaming with Task Unit 55.2.9 enroute ENIWETOK to PEARL HARBOR, standard speed 13 knots, eight transports in two columns, five destroyers acting as screen.

(b) The operation order in effect is CTG 51.11 despatch 261100 of February, 1944.

(c) Time zone plus 12, west longitude date in effect. Weather normal.

(d) Steaming with Task Unity 55.2.9 on course 112 true, standard speed 13 knots, eight transports in two columns, five destroyers acting as screen. O.T.C. and guide in U.S.S. LEONARD WOOD leading left hand column. This ship third in right hand column.

(e) Units embarked are Company A, Fourth Tank Battalion, 4th Marine Division and First Platoon, Battery A, 4th Special Weapons Battalion, 4th Marine Division; complete with equipment. Cargo consists of 8 Dukws and 22 LVT's.



2 - 7 March 1944

Steaming as before. At 0100, March 3, 1944, changed zone time to plus eleven. At 0100, March 6, 1944, changed zone time to plus ten.



8 March 1944

Steaming as before. At 0600 U.S.S. LEONARD WOOD and U.S.S. HEYWOOD left formation for Maui. At 0615 with U.S.S. NEVILLE in charge changed course to 340 true. At 0800 task unit began entering PEARL HARBOR channel. O900 moored alongside S.S. CAPE STEVENS at buoys Xray-17. At 1300 all Army and Marine Corps personnel and equipment began leaving the ship. All passenger officers left the ship. Three prisoners of war were transferred to U.S. Marine Barracks, PEARL HARBOR.



9 - 15 March 1944

Moored as before. Ship's force upkeep.





15 - 21 March 1944

Assigned Navy Yard availability for miscellaneous repairs.



22 - 25 March 1944

Moored to buoys X-17 ship's force maintenance.



25 March 1944

At 1930 got underway in accordance with AdComFifPhibForPac despatch 250835. Joined escort, PC 1079 at PEARL HARBOR entrance buoys, course 112 true, speed 10 knots.



26 March 1944

Steaming as before on various courses conforming to channels between Moloki, Lanai and Maui. At 0530 arrived off Amphibious Training Base, Kaniaoli, Maalaea Bay, Maui. Transferred eleven landing craft to the base. At 1030 received on board two LCVP with Hydrographic Survey party and proceeded in company with PC 1079 for Hilo, standard speed 15 knots. At 1745 arrived off entrance to Hilo Harbor, hoisted out two LCVP and survey party. The boats entered the harbor. At 1800 set course for San Francisco as routed by Port Director PEARL HARBOR. At 2000, PC 1079 left formation.



27 - 31 March 1944

Steaming independently, enroute PEARL HARBOR to San Francisco. At 1300 March 29, 1944 set clocks to zone plus 8 time.



C.L.C. ATKESON





WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL 1944



1 April 1944

(a) The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the FIFTH Amphibious Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet and is operating temporarily in accordance with Administrative Command, Fifth Amphibious Force despatch 250835 of March 1944, enroute PEARL HARBOR to San Francisco for cargo loading.

(b) Time zone plus seven in effect, weather normal.

(c) Steaming independently on course 058T, standard speed 15 kts.

(d) At 0735 sighted Farallon Island bearing 021 true. At 0801 entered swept channel to San Francisco. At 0913 stopped to pick up pilot. At 1110 moored port side to at Berth San Francisco. Assigned five days avail-ability for alteration to stern gate and installation of metal furniture. Granted four days leave to half the crew.



2 April 1944

Moored as before. At 1202 shifted berth to Pier 92. Alterations and repairs begun by personnel from Moore Dry Dock Company, Oakland, California.



3 - 9 April 1944

Moored as before. Alterations and repairs in progress.



10 April 1944

Moored as before. Ship ballasted down to receive cargo of twelve LCM(3) each loaded with a medium tank, and fifty one LVT as directed by Port Director San Francisco for delivery to PEARL HARBOR. At 1500 received 20 officers and 150 enlisted passengers for transportation to PEARL HARBOR.



11 April 1944

Moored as before. At 1135 got underway in accordance with Commander Western Sea Frontier Movement Order 124-C&R dated April 10, 1944 and stood out of San Francisco Bay. At 1402 pilot left ship. Set course out swept channel, standard speed 15 knots.

12 - 16 April 1944

Steaming independently, various speeds and courses. Nearing PEARL HARBOR, gunnery exercises, firing at target sleeves, various altitudes and practice runs.



17 April 1944

At 1534 entered PEARL HARBOR and secured alongside U.S.S. SUMMER at Buoy Xray ten. Transferred all passengers.



18 April 1944

Moored as before. At 1346 began hoisting out 26 LVT cargo. At 1250 ballasted down to unload 12 LCM(3) with medium tanks and 25 LVT from dock well. Received 6 LCM from Waipiao Amphibious Operating Base. Received 90 enlisted men fro 18 LCM crews.



19 April 1944

Moored as before.



20 April 1944

Moored as before. At 0700 shifted berth to King 8 to load depth charges.



21 April 1944

Moored to pier King 8. At 0838 shifted berth to buoy and commenced docking 18 LCM loaded with medium tanks and receiving personnel of Company C, 762 Medium Tank Battalion, 27th Division, U.S. Army. At 1710 got underway for Maalaea Bay, Maui in accordance with Administrative Commander, Fifth Amphibious Force.



22 April 1944

Steaming as before. AT 0630 reported for training exercises to Commander Group One, Fifth Amphibious Force, U.S.S. CAVALIER, and to Commander Transport Division 32, U.S.S. CUSTER.



23 April 1944

Anchored as before. Instruction of boat crews and checking boat equipment in progress. At 2128 got underway with transports of training group 55.1. Steering various courses at standard speed of 12 knots to make approach to transport area Sugar. This ship sixth in column.



24 April 1944

At 0400 Transports arrived in transport area Sugar preparatory to Regimental combat landings on Purple Beaches of 165th Regiment U.S. Army. At 0428 ballasted ship down, at 0530 first LCM with medium tank undocked, at 0543 all eighteen LCMs were undocked. Ship was unballasted. Medium tanks were landed on Purple Beaches in fourth and fifth waves as scheduled. H-hour was 0800. Two LCMs failed to land tanks because of ramp trouble. These two tanks were landed about 1200. Four LCMs broached on beach Purple 2 but were soon floated off. Six boats required repairs to ramps or propellers. All available LCMs were assigned to assist unloading other ships of the training unit. At 1327 went to general quarters for simulated air attack, smoke screen was used.



25 April 1944

Anchored as before. At 0800 commenced reloading medium tanks on Red Beach, exercise completed. Ballasted ship down to received boats into dock space. At 1330 all tanks and LCMs were docked, unballasted ship.



26 April 1944

At 0025 got underway in company with Training Group 55.1 to return to PEARL HARBOR. Transports in two columns, this ship third in left hand column.

O.T.C. and guide in leading ship of right hand column, U.S.S. CAVALIER standard speed 13.5 knots, course 270 true. At 0952 conducted anti-aircraft firing at towed sleeve, ammunition expended: 140 rounds of 20MM. Formation maneuvering on various courses to make firing run for modified short range Battle Practice on surface target. At 1253 fired 12 rounds 5"37 cal. at surface target, results by observation of fall of shot very good, range 2300 yards, no casualties. At 1300 exercise completed, proceeded independently and at 1509 entered PEARL HARBOR and secured to buoys in berth C-5. Ship was ballasted down and all Army tanks landed at berth K-11 1/2, by 1830 empty LCMs were placed in dock and ship unballasted.



27 April 1944

Moored as before. At 1300 ballasted ship down and undocked all LCMs. Loaded 50 LVT for cargo lift to Hapuna Bay, Hawaii.



28 April 1944

Moored as before. At 0707 got underway and 0800 cleared PEARL HARBOR channel. Set course 128 true standard speed 15 knots. At 1744 anchored inHapuna Bay and unloaded cargo of 50 LVT. At 2014 got underway for return to PEARL HARBOR.



29 April 1944

Steaming independently enroute PEARL HARBOR. At 0638 steering various courses to enter PEARL HARBOR. At 0849 secured port side to U.S.S. WHITEMARSH berth X-17.



30 April 1944

Moored as before.

C.L.C. ATKESON





WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF MAY 1944



1 May 1944

The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the FIFTH Amphibious Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Moored to buoys in berth X-17 port side to U.S.S. CALVERT.



2 May 1944

Moored as before. At 1907 commenced loading sixty LVT for cargo lift to MAALAEA BAY, MAUI.



3 May 1944

Moored as before. At 0155 completed loading LVT's. At 1034 got underway and stood out of channel. U.S.S. PC 483 reported for escort duty. At 1854 anchored in nine fathoms of water off KAMIOLE Amphibious Training Base. At 1938 shifted berth three miles to northern end of bay. At 2055 commenced unloading cargo of LVT's.



4 May 1944

Anchored as before. At 0020 completed unloading and at 0045 got underway for PEARL HARBOR in company with U.S.S. PC 483 as escort. At 0704 commenced steering various courses to enter PEARL HARBOR channel. At 0823 moored starboard side to S.S. KAHALA at buoys in berth X-11.



5 May 1944

Moored as before. Ship's Force upkeep and loading general stores and supplies. At 1300 U.S.S. LINDENWALD moored along port side.



6-8 May 1944

Moored as before.



9 May 1944

At 0811 ballasted ship down and unloaded all LCM to load 16 medium tanks at berth K-11. At 1430 completed docking 18 LCM with 16 medium tanks of B Company, 1st Corps Tank Battalion, FOURTH Marine Regiment. At 1634 completed unballasting.



10 May 1944

Moored as before. At 0821 got underway and shifted berth to Hickman Field Dock, PEARL HARBOR. Loaded on board 4 Piper Cub airplanes, U.S. Army, and 10 Piper Cub airplanes of Marine Observation FOUR with various personnel. Received 158 Marines personnel of Company B., First Corps Tank Battalion, FOURTH Marine Division.



11 May 1944

Moored to Hickmam Field Dock. At 0812 got underway in accordance with Commander Transport Division TWENTY Movement Order 1-44 of 10 May 1944, in company with Transport Division TWENTY and stood out of PEARL HARBOR Channel. At 0915 took station astern of U.S.S. LASALLE, column formation. At 1018 U.S.S LEONARD WOOD, guide, left formation, proceeded in company with U.S.S. O'HARA and U.S.S. LASALLE. The U.S.S. PIERCE failed to join up, engineering casualty. At 1530 arrived off KAHULUI, MAUI and maneuvered on various courses and speeds awaiting entry orders. At 1900 entered KAHULUI harbor and anchored with both anchors in seven fathoms of water.



12 May 1944

Anchored as before. At 1025 ballasted ship down and launched 15 LCM and medium tanks. Transferred 13 medium tanks and personnel and loaded 12 medium tanks and personnel of Company A, FOURTH Battalion, U.S.M.C. Recovered all LCMs and unballasted ship.



13 May 1944

Anchored as before. Liberty for ship's crew.



14 May 1944

Anchored as before. At 0827 got underway and stood out of KAHULUI harbor. Formed up with Transport Division TWENTY at 1103 in column formation. At 1303 steering various courses approaching anchorage. At 1358 anchored in berth E-17, LAHAINA ROADS in sixteen fathoms of water. Transports of Task Force FIFTY TWO in vicinity during afternoon.



15 May 1944

Anchored as before. At 0949 got underway in company with Task Force FIFTY TWO for rehearsal exercises, ship to shore movement. At 1822 anchored in berth E-17 LAHAINA ROADS, in company with Task Force FIFTY TWO.



16 May 1944

Anchored as before. At 0534 got underway in company with Transport Group 52.4 in accordance with CTF 52 Training Order A13-44 for rehearsal ship to shore movement. At 0732 ballasted ship down and launched all 18 LCM's with medium tanks. At 0810 LCM's departed for assigned area. H - Hour was delayed from 0920 to 1030. At 1019 ship proceeded to suitable lee for recovery operations. At 1235 anchored near OLAI HILL, MAAIAEA BAY, MAUI and recovered 18 LCM's by 1447. At 1521 got underway and proceeded independently to LAHAINA ROADS anchorage and anchored at 1734 in berth E-17, Task Force FIFTY TWO anchored in vicinity.



17 May 1944

Anchored as before. At 0520 got underway for training exercises and launched all LCM's as on preceding day. At 1330 recovered all LCM's. At 1659 got underway and proceeded independently to MAALAEA BAY anchorage, berth F-3 in 15 fathoms of water. Task Force 52 anchored in vicinity.



18 May 1944

Anchored in MAALAEA BAY berth F-3. At 0853 got underway in accordance with verbal orders of CTF 52 and proceeded independently to LAHAINA to take charge of salvage operations in pulling LST 29 off beach. At 1029 anchored near berth P-133 LAHAINA ROADS in ten fathoms of water 500 yards from stern of LST 29. At 1300 made attempt to pull LST 29 off the beach using one 10 inch manila and one 1 inch wire to lines. While working main engines up to seven knots the wire line parted. Stopped all engines. LST 225 was brought in to take 30,000 gallons diesel oil from LST 29. The stern anchor wire of LST 29 was secured to our stern. YT325 passed tow line to our bow at 2300. LST 225 got clear about 2330.



19 May 1944

Anchored as before. At 0030 commenced operations to float LST 29. YT 325 went ahead 10 knots. Our main engines were worked up slowly to 10 knots. The 10 inch manila line parted and fouled the port propeller of LST 29 which was backing full. The wire anchor cable from LST 29 held and at 1030 LST 29 came off the beach. Our anchor was hove up and LST 29 towed into deep water. At 0200 let go all lines from YT325 and LST 29 and anchored to recover our 10 inch manila line. At 0430 got underway to join assigned task unity 52.4 for training exercises, ship to shore movement. At 0700 took assigned station in rear of Transport Division TWENTY. Stood by to launch LCM's but did not launch boats. At 1545 Task Group 52.15 formed up in three columns of transports OTC and guide in U.S.S ROCKY MOUNT.



20 May 1944

Steaming as before, this ship fifth in center column of three columns of transports. At 0550 commenced steaming on various courses and speeds preparatory to entering PEARL HARBOR. At 1032 entered channel and at 1155 moored alongside U.S.S. BELLATRIX at buoys X-8, PEARL HARBOR.



29 May 1944

Moored as before. At 0839 got underway in accordance with sortie and movement plans of CTF 52 of 26 May 1944 and Cruising Order of 25 May 1944. At 1200 formed cruising disposition 3AL1 with Task Group 52.15 (Vice Admiral R.K. TURNER, Commander Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet, U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT.) OTC and guide in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT. Transport Divisions, TWENTY, TWENTY-SIX, THIRTY and NINETY-NINE present. This ship flag for Division NINETY-NINE. Screen consists of 7 DD, 3 AM, 4 APD, 4 DMS, 1 AVD. Zigzagged in accordance with plan SIX.



30 May 1944

Steaming as before. Formation maneuvers and drills held. At 1315 test fired all guns, expended 20 rounds 40MM and 40 rounds 20MM ammunition. At 1700 changed clocks to zone plus TEN.



31 May 1944

Steaming as before. Held Various drills and maneuvers during the day.



C.L.C. ATKESON

Captain, U.S.Navy

Commanding



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF JUNE 1944



1 June 1944

(a)The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the FIFTH Amphibious Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet and temporarily assigned to Task Force FIFTY TWO (Vice Admiral R.K. TURNER, U.S.N., U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT) and to Task Group FIFTY TWO point FIFTEEN (Vice Admiral TURNER) and to Task Group FIFTY TWO point FOUR (Captain LOOMIS, Commander Transport Division TWENTY, U.S.S. LEONARD WOOD). Zone Time Plus Ten in use. Weather normal.

(b)Steaming in company with Task Group 52.15. This ship leading right hand column, transports in four columns. OTC and Fleet Guide in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT. Zigzag Plan SIX in effect. Various drills and maneuvers held during the day.

(c) At 1100 changed Zone Time to Plus ELEVEN.



2 June 1944

Steaming as before. At 1030 test fired all guns at bursts, ammunition expended: 159 rounds 40MM, 800 rounds 20MM, 5 rounds 5 inch. At 1342 changed standard speed to 13.8 knots.



3 - 6 June 1944

Steaming as before at various speeds and courses.



7 June 1944

Steaming as before. At 0556 sighted two tugs and two LST's bearing 040T. At 1117 sighted land bearing 230T.



8 June 1944

Steaming as before on course 302True. Standard speed 13.8 knots. At 0900 changed clocks to Zone minus ELEVEN. At 0811 commenced steering various courses at various speeds to enter Deep Passage in ENIWETOK Lagoon. At 1025 anchored in berth 86. At 1109 got underway and went alongside U.S.S. SARANOE, our starboard side to. At 1545 completed fueling, received 2800 barrels. Got underway and returned to anchorage at berth 86. CFT 51 is SOPA. Ships present: Task Group 52.15, 52.5 and several oilers



9 June 1944

Anchored as before. Receiving provisions from U.S.S. AZIMECH. Task Group 52.16 arrived. Task Group 52.5 departed.



10 June 1944

Anchored as before.



11 June 1944

Anchored as before in berth 86, ENIWETOK Lagoon in 29 fathoms of water, with 75 fathoms of chain on the port anchor. Starboard anchor underfoot. At 0734 got underway in company with Task Group 52.15 in accordance with CTF 52 Movement Order A14-44. Formed Cruising Disposition 3AL-2 on course 265 true. Conducted test firing of all automatic weapons. Task Group 52.16 followed twenty miles astern.



12 June 1944

Steaming as before with Task Group 52.15.



13 June 1944

Steaming as before. At 1140 formation ceased zigzag Plan SIX and took course 250 true while APD's fueled all transports. At 1400 changed Zone Time to minus TEN. At 1549 fueling operations completed,



14 June 1944

Steaming as before. At 1315 executed Approach Plan. Formed Cruising Disposition 3 AL-3. At 2007 sighted gunfire off port bow.



15 June 1944

Steaming as before, executing Approach Plan A18-44 of CTF 52, preparatory to execution of Attach Order Aii-44 of CTF 52 against SAIPAN. Approached Transport Area ONE from northwest. At 0523 left formation to launch LCM's with medium tanks of Company A, FOURTH Marines. At 0540 commenced ballasting down. At 0654 first LCM's launched. At 0705 all eighteen LCM's were launched, no casualties, weather and sea calm. At 0708 unballasted ship.

HOW Hour was 0840. Tanks were called in at about 1030. All tanks were landed on beach YELLOW satisfactory. Boats were subjected to heavy mortar fire with only minor casualties being received. At 1836 joined formation of transports for night retirement. At 1851 opened fire on enemy aircraft, results unobserved. Expended 10 rounds 5", 60 rounds 40MM and 200 rounds ammunition. Steamed on various courses during the night at various speeds. O.T.C. in ROCKY MOUNT with Task Group 52.15.



16 June 1944

Steaming as before on night retirement from SAIPAN Transport Area. At 0031 formation reversed course to 080T to return to Transport Area. At 0652 units of formation proceeded independently to assigned stations in Transport Area. At 0830 anchored in Transport Area THREE, in 45 fathoms of water with 90 fathoms of chain. Commenced hoisting boats for repair. At 1330 LST 126 came alongside to unload five LVT's. Both ships rolling heavily. At 1445 shifted anchorage near beach Blue to obtain better water for unloading LST 126. Motion on both ships was still too great to attempt to hoist LVT's from LST 126. At 1744 got underway for night retirement with Task Group 52.15. O.T.C. and guide in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT. Steered various courses during the night, circled SAIPAN.



17 June 1944

Steaming in company with Task Group 52.15, executing night retirement from SAIPAN. At 0630 commenced maneuvering independently upon arrival near Transport Area. At 0726 anchored close inshore and commenced hoisted LCM's for repair. Completed discharge of cargo for Company A, FOURTH Tank Battalion. At 1746 got underway in company with Task Group 52.15, O.T.C. in ROCKY MOUNT, for night retirement to area northeast of SAIPAN.



18 June 1944

Steaming with Task Force 52.15 in areas northeast of SAIPAN, on various courses at various speeds. At 1759 went alongside U.S.S. TALLULAH for fueling at sea. Received 50,000 gallons fuel oil. Cast off at 1900 and rejoined formation.



19 June 1944

Steaming as before in retirement area northeast of SAIPAN. At 0855 left formation and proceeded to Point Amoco to rendezvous with U.S.S. OAK HILL and U.S.S. OVERTON to return to SAIPAN anchorage. At 1755 anchored in berth B-66 and reported to CTG 52.2 for duty in repairing landing craft.



20 June 1944

Anchored as before. Unloaded 10 light planes of VMO 2 and 4 U.S. Marines and 4 OY-1 planes, U.S. Army.



21 June 1944

Anchored as before. Completed unloading planes and continued repairing landing craft.



22 June 1944

Anchored as before. Received boat pool supplies, equipment, boats and personnel, for SAIPAN Boat Pool. AT 1955 and again at 2341 went to General Quarters to repel air attack. Made smoke. No action developed.



23 June 1944

Anchored as before in berth B-66 in 10 fathoms of water with 60 fathoms port chain. At 0720 commenced unloading boat pool equipment. Continued repairs to landing craft. At 1845 shifted berth to B-43, SAIPAN anchorage.



24 June 1944

Anchored in berth 43 as before. At 0030 prepared to repel air attack, no action developed. Transferred 11 LCM and personnel to TINIAN Boat Pool. At 1919 prepared to repel air attack. Ships in vicinity opened fire, no target observed. This ship did not open fire. At 2050 prepared to repel second air attack, made smoke screen and filled one round 5" and 8 rounds 40MM ammunition.



25 June 1944

Anchored as before. Repair work on landing craft in progress. At 1728 shifted berth to B-54.



26 June 1944

Anchored as before. At 0533 shifted berth to B-41, SAIPAN Anchorage. Continued repair, service and despatch of landing craft to various unloading ships. At 1845 shifted berth to B-64. At 2051 prepared to repel air attack, made smoke. No action resulted.



27 June 1944

Anchored as before. Continued repair work on landing craft. At 1915 prepared to repel air attack, made smoke. At 2055 second air raid. Enemy dropped bombs on beaches, results unknown. At 2020 third air raid, no action by this ship.



28 June 1944

Anchored as before. Making smoke screen as protection against air attack. At 0026 ceased smoke. Continued repairs to landing craft. At 1425 completed fueling U.S.S. BRYANT along starboard side. 1952 barrels delivered. At 2045 prepared to repel air attack,

made smoke. At 2100 enemy plane seen to fall, having been hit by shore battery. At 2132 ceased smoke.



29 June 1944

Anchored as before. Continued repairs to landing craft.



30 June 1944

Anchored as before. Continued repairs to landing craft. CTF 51 has been present at anchorage in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT as SOPA since 22 June 1944. Ships of Task Group 52.15 and 52.16 and garrison groups ONE and TWO were unloaded during period 19 June to 30 June 1944. The U.S.S. MERCURY received a hit by enemy aerial torpedo which did comparatively minor damage and various LCI's were damaged by enemy night amphibious attacks during the above period. Ship repaired 140 LCM's and 30 LCV(P) during this period.



W. A. CAUGHEY



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF JULY 1944



1 July 1944

Anchored in berth B-64, SAIPAN Island in 12 fathoms of water with 60 fathoms of chain to the port anchor. Prepared to repel air attack at 0028, no action developed. Lieutenant C.A. BAILEY, D-V(G), USNR was detached and re-attached to this vessel as Executive Officer.



2 - 5 July 1944

Anchored as before. At 1105 on 2 July transferred a casualty to the U.S.S. ISLAND MAIL, and between 1703 and 2300 on 5 July the LST 275 was alongside to starboard receiving l00 Mk II, and 205 Mk VI depth charges complete with 305 detonators, 85 arbors, 85 impulse charges; she also received 6000 gallons of fresh water. During the dates mentioned we made preparation at various times to repel air attacks, with no action developing. Repair of landing craft continued at all time.



6-7 July 1944

Anchored as before and continued repair of landing craft. Got underway on 6 July at 1245 on various courses and speeds to go alongside the U.S.S. KENNEBAGO (A081) for fueling. Moored alongside the U.S.S. KENNEBAGO at 1335 and received 3,558 barrels of fuel oil. Cast off all lines at 1534 and anchored in berth 63, SAIPAN at 1600. At various times between the hours of 1940 and 2359 we made preparations to repel air attacks; no action developed. At 1800 on 7 July 1944 pursuant to orders of CTG 62.2 one officer, eighteen men and six LCM(3)s were transferred for temporary duty to Boat Pool ABLE SAIPAN.



8 July 1944

Anchored as before. At various times between the hours of 1243 and 1635 DD's came alongside and transferred at total of 3000 5"/38 cal. empty powder cases: U.S.S. POWEL, U.S.S. MUGFORD, USS SELFRIDGE and the U.S.S. STOCKHAM. Got underway at 1736 for ENIWETOK in company with TG 51.18.11 consisting of the U.S.S. COPAHEE (CVE12), S.S. UNITED STATES VICTORY and U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1), O.T.C. and fleet guide in USS COPAHEE. After maneuvering on various courses and speeds we took station at 1836 as second ship in column astern. USS COPAHEE with standard distance of 1000 yards and speed 14 knots.



9 July 1944

Steaming as before. At 0130 radar reported two ships bearing 105T, distance eight miles. To avoid these ships we swung around to the north and later returned to our track.



10 July 1944

Steaming as before in company with Task Group 51.18.11.



11 July 1944

Steaming as before. Changed Zone time to Minus eleven at 0200. Two ships were sighted on the horizon bearing 090T. at 0852. To avoid these ships we changed course. At 0930 the PA-37 (USS CAVALIER) and D.M.S. passed abeam to port distance 3 miles. While steaming on 109 we passed a hospital ship abeam to port distance 24,000 yards. Radar reported two ships bearing 020 and 129, distance 19,000 and 20,000 yards respective. At 2241 these two ships (USS SHASTA AE-6 and USS NORMAN SCOTT DD690) passed directly ahead of this column at a distance of 8,800 yards.



12 July 1944

Steaming as before. Radar reported a contact, distance 16 miles at 0537, appeared to be land. At 0617 we changed base course and entered ENIWETOK Lagoon at 0701, maneuvered on various courses and speeds to berth 210 southern anchorage. At 0828 we anchored in the aforementioned anchorage with ninety fathoms of chain to the port anchor. Unloaded 3,000 5"38 ca. empty powder cases into LCM(3)s alongside. At 1643 we ballasted down to a mean draft of 24'5" and embarked eighteen LCM(3) with crews, from various ships mentioned in 15 July 1944 entry. At 2158 we unballasted at a mean draft of 18'6".



13-14 July 1944

Anchored as before. Underway on 13 July 1944 at 0736 to go alongside the USS SEBEC in berth 329 for fuel. Anchored again in berth 210 Southern Anchorage ENIWETOK Atoll with ninety fathoms of chain to the port anchor 1234 after receiving 4,200 bbls. of fuel oil plus 87 bbls of fog oil, 94 smoke floats fro the USS HERALD OF THE MORNING. On 14 July at 1042 to trim the ship we stripped our ballast tanks and unballasted to a mean draft of 16'1".



15 July 1944

Anchored as before. With four officers, ninety men and twenty LCM(3) from the USS KNOX, USS HEYWOOD, USS CALVERT, USS FRANKLIN BELL, USS HARRIS, USS JOHN LAND AND USS WINGED ARROW, we got underway at 1330, with eighteen LCM(3) in the well deck and two on the splinter deck, in accordance with COFA Guide in USS KNOX Operation Order A10-44 in effect. AT 1404 we departed ENIWETOK Lagoon. Steaming at 2051 on standard speed 13.5 knots.



16 - 18 July 1944

Steaming as before enroute to SAIPAN. Ships force preparing LCM(3)s for assault on TINIAN. On 16 July at 1637 stopped the starboard engine, and cut out burners on starboard boilers for repairs and adjustments, continued to steam on port engine. Completed necessary adjustments at 1640 and resumed standard speed on starboard engine. Again at 1941 the starboard engine was stopped for repairs and adjustments to blower: We continued to steam on the port engine. Upon completion of the repairs we resumed standard speed on the starboard engine at 208. On 18 July a friendly carrier was sighted bearing 224(T) distance 24,000 yards at 1637 and at 210 a reflection of light on the horizon was sighted bearing 262(T).



19 July 1944

Steaming as before on course 282T, standard speed 11.5 knots, while ship's force continued preparing LCM(3)s for the assault. At 0400 lights on SAIPAN were sighted bearing 160(T). After maneuvering on various courses preparatory to entering SAIPAN anchorage we received orders from CTF 52 to proceed independently and go alongside the S.S. RECLEANED VICTORY and receive ammunition. Upon receipt of 2,520 rounds of 75MM and 2040 rounds of 81MM ammunition we got underway and anchored in berth B-64 with fifty fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor.



20-23 July 1944

Anchored as before while ship's force repaired landing craft from other ships and the SAIPAN Boat Pool. On 20 July we received on board 40 smoke pots from the LST 130 and 45 barrels of flame throwing liquid, plus 30 cylinders of CO2 from Dukws alongside; four LCM(3)'s from the USS CAMBRIA with crews also reported to this vessel for further orders. During the day of 21 July we received 6,953 rounds of 75MM ammunition via Dukws alongside from ammunition dump #2, SAIPAN. On 22 July we ballasted down at 0643 to a mean draft of 25' and launched 18 LCM(3)'s reported with 17 medium tanks, 1 tank retriever and personnel from Company "B", 24th RCT, FOURTH Marine Division. At 0913 we unballasted to a mean draft of 17' with 18 LCM(3)'s in the well deck.



24 July 1944

The USS ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet and temporarily assigned to Commander Task Force FIFTY-TWO, Commander Group TWO, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet (Rear Admiral HILL in USS CAMBRIA), Commander Task Group FIFTY-TWO-point-TWO, Commander Task Unit 52.2.1 and Commander Transport Division SEVEN (Captain RICHARDSON in USS CAVALIER). Attack Order A112-44 in effect.



25 July 1944

Anchored as before. Underway at 0520 on various courses and speeds to TINIAN Area, set course+ 250(T). Ballasted down at 0600 to a mean draft of 20', launching all LCM(3)s at 0732 we departed the area for Saipan. Unballasted the ship to a mean draft of 21'. Upon arrival at SAIPAN we anchored at 0836 in berth B-69 with forty fathoms of chain to the port anchor. Ballasted down to a mean draft of 25' and received 12 LCM(3)'s carrying medium tanks plus 10 LVT's equipped with special ramps (doddlebugs). Captain P.J. HA?LORAN, C.E.C. USN came aboard to observe the use of the "doodlebugs" and we got underway again for the TINIAN Transport Area at 1036, unballasting enroute to a mean draft of 20'. We arrived at 1100 in the TINIAN Transport Area and remained on slow speeds and various courses to maintain our position. At 1642 we ballasted down and launched 2 LVT's (doodlebugs) with 2'9" of water in the well deck. At 1740 we unballasted to a mean draft of 18' and returned to SAIPAN at 2105. We anchored in berth B-60 with sixty five fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor at 2219.



25 July 1944

Anchored as before with the ship in a partially ballasted down condition. Underway for a designated position off TINIAN at 0532 and upon arrival continued to maneuver on slow speeds and various courses, to maintain position. We unloaded 2,874 rounds of 75MM ammunition into LCM(3)s alongside and ballasted down to a mean draft of 18'10" at 1706 launching 8 LVT's with ramps (doodlebugs). Having ballasted down to a mean draft of 24'10" at 1759 we launched the 12 LCM(3)s with medium tanks and dispatched them to the Control Boat in charge of two officers at 1819. Underway for SAIPAN again at 1930 and unballasted to a mean draft of 19" at 1940. Upon approaching SAIPAN Anchorage Captain Ralloran, C.E.C., USN embarked in an LCM(3) alongside enroute to the beach. In compliance with orders from Force Control Officer afloat we returned to the TINIAN Transport Area at 2147 and lay to.



26 July 1944

Maneuvering as before in the TINIAN Transport Area. During the morning we transferred 5,426 rounds of 75MM and 2,040 rounds of 81MM ammunition plus 45 bbls of flame throwing fluid and 30 cylinders of CO2 to LCM(3)s and DUKWS alongside. In the afternoon a number of enemy projectiles landed in the transport area doing no damage to this ship but hitting a few LCM(3)s. At 1630 we got underway for SAIPAN Anchorage and anchored in berth B-64 with forty fathoms of chain to port anchor at 1851.



27 July 1944

Anchored as before. Ballasted down at 1816 to a mean draft of 24' and embarked 18 LCM(3)s in the well deck. The USS CONY DD-508 came alongside to port and received 145 rounds of 5"38 ca. A.A. common projectiles equipped with Mk 18 fuses plus and equal number of powder cases.



28 July 1944

Anchored as before. After unloading 70 drums of fuel oil for delivery to the USS CAMBRIA we got underway at 1651 on various courses and speeds to rendezvous with T.U. 51.18.3 at a point 5 miles north of Point Barracuda. Took departure at 1800 on course 047T standard speed 13 knots as fourth ship in left hand column standard distance 500 yards. Guide and O.T.C. in USS CAVALIER first ship in center column.



29-30 July 1944

Steaming as before. On 30 July changed standard speed to 14 knots at 0919.



31 July 1944

Steaming as before enroute SAIPAN to ENIWETOK in company with T.U. 51.18.3. Advanced all clocks at 0200 to conform with Minus eleven time zone. At 1857 the USS CAVALIER reported an engine casualty and left the formation. The USS KNOX was assigned as fleet guide and O.T.C. of T.U. 51.18.3, standard speed was reduced to 9 knots. The USS CAVALIER standard speed was reduced to 9 knots. At 2120 the USS CAVALIER resumed tactical command at 2034. At 2120 the USS CAVALIER regained her position and standard speed to 14 knots.



W.A. CAUGHEY



ACTION REPORT or REPORT of OPERATIONS SAIPAN ISLAND

15 June 1944, to 8 July 1944



PART I - GENERAL NARRATIVE



1. This vessel participated in the capture of SAIPAN Island as a part of Task Group 52.15 (Vice Admiral TURNER, Commander Fifth Amphibious Forces, U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT) and Task Group 52.4 (Captain LOOMIS, Commander Transport Division TWENTY, U.S.S. LEONARD WOOD), from June 15, 1944 to July 8, 1944. The essential features of the action insofar as this vessel was concerned was the landing of medium tanks on SAIPAN Island. This vessel, for the first time, also carried 10 VM02 and 4 OY-1 observation planes as cargo which were transferred to the beach via LCM(3)'s and LCT's on order. With the exception of nightly enemy air raids, this vessel was not attacked, nor did she participate in the shore bombardment. Zone Time minus Ten, East Longitude Date in effect.



2. PRELIMINARIES



(a) On May 29th 1944, at 0839 this vessel departed PEARL HARBOR, T.H. enroute to SAIPAN as a member of Task Group 52.15. Commander Task Force FIFTY ONE Operation Plan A10-44 in effect. After steaming on various courses and speeds we entered the Deep Passage into ENIWETOK Lagoon and anchored in Berth 86 on 8 June, 1944. Received fuel and provisions while at ENIWETOK. At 0739 11 June 1944 got underway from ENIWETOK enroute SAIPAN in company with Task Group 52.15.

(b) The mission of this vessel was the transportation of seventeen medium tanks, on retriever, 10 VM02, and 4 )Y-1 observation planes, and 305 depth charges, with personnel of Company A, FOURTH Marine Division, and various personnel of Marine Observation Squadron FOUR; and the landing of these tanks and planes in eighteen LCM(3)'s and LCT's in the assault on SAIPAN as directed by CTF 52 Attack Order A11-44.

(c) Own forces consisted of the task organization as listed in CTF 52 Attack Order A11-44. This force, off SAIPAN Island, entered Transport Area ONE from the northwest executing Approach Plan A18-44 of CTF 52, preparatory to execution of Attack Order A11-44, against SAIPAN.

(d) No enemy forces were sighted by this vessel.

(e) Direction of the wind was SE by S, 16K, the sea was choppy and visibility good.



PART II - CHRONOLOGICAL ACCOUNT



1. This vessel took no part in the action until June 15, 1944



(a) Ballasted down and launched 18 LCM(3)'s as follows:

0525 Left formation to launch LCM(3)'s

0540 Commenced ballasting down.

0654 First LCM(3)'s launched.

0705 All LCM(3)'s launched.

0708 Commenced ballasting down.

1030 Eighteen LCM(3)'s approached line of departure with medium tanks, and proceeded to land them satisfactorily on YELLOW Beach. Boats were subject to heavy mortar fire with only minor damage being inflicted.

1357 Let go the anchor, commenced receiving casualties.

1836 Underway for night retirement in company with Task Group 52.15.

1851 Prepared to repel air attack. Fired on enemy aircraft, expending 10 rounds 5"/38 cal., 60 rounds 40MM and 200 rounds 20MM ammunition, results unobserved.

June 16, 1944

0652 Units of formation proceed independently to assigned stations in Transport Area.

0830 Anchored in Transport Area THREE, and began hoisting boats aboard for repair.

1330 Shifted anchorage near BLUE Beach. Motion of both ships still too great to attempt transfer of LVT's from LST 126.

1744 Underway for night retirement in company with Task Group 52.15.



June 17, 1944

0726 Anchored close inshore and commenced hoisting LCM(3)'s aboard for repairs. Completed discharge of cargo for Company A, FOURTH Tank Battalion.

1746 Underway for night retirement in company with Task Group 52.15.



June 18, 1944

Steaming with Task Group 52.15 in areas northeast of SAIPAN on various courses and speeds.

1759 Alongside U.S.S. TALLULAH for fueling at sea.

1900 Cast off and rejoined formation, having received 50,000 gallons of fuel.



June 19, 1944

0855 Proceeded to Point AMOCO to rendezvous with U.S.S. OAK HILL and U.S.S. HEYWOOD with escorts U.S.S. McNAIR and U.S.S. OVERTON to return to SAIPAN Anchorage.

1755 Anchored in Berth B-66 and reported to CTG 52.2 for duty in repairing landing craft.



June 20, 1944

Unloaded 10 light VM02 of 4th U.S. Marines and 4 OY-1 planes, U.S. Army. Repaired landing craft.



June 21, 1944

Completed unloading planes and continued repair of landing craft.



June 22, 1944

Received SAIPAN Boat Pool supplies, equipment, boats and personnel aboard.

1755 Prepared to repel air attack, made smoke, no action developed.



June 23, 1944

0720 Commenced unloading boat pool equipment.

1845 Shifted berth to B-43, SAIPAN Anchorage.



June 24, 1944

0030 Prepared to repel air attack, no action developed. Transferred 11 LCM(3) and personnel to TINIAN Boat Pool, as established on SAIPAN.

1919 Prepared to repel air attack, made smoke screen and fired one round 5"/38 and 8 rounds of 40MM ammunition.



June 25, 1944

Repair of landing craft in progress.

1722 Shifted berth to B-54, SAIPAN Anchorage.



June 26, 1944

0533 Shifted berth to B-41, SAIPAN Anchorage. Continued repair, service and despatch of landing craft to various unloading ships.

1845 Shifted berth to B-64, SAIPAN Anchorage.

2051 Prepared to repel air attack, no action developed.



June 27, 1944

Continued repair of landing craft.

1915 Prepared to repel air attack.

2055 Enemy air raid, bombs dropped on beach.

2220 Third air read, no action by this ship.



June 28, 1944

Continued repair of landing craft.

1425 Completed fueling U.S.S. BRYANT

2045 Prepared to repel air attack, making smoke.



June 29-30, 1944

Continued repair of landing craft.



July 1, 1944

0020 Prepared to repel air attack.

0435 Captain C.L.C. ATKESON, USN, relieved of command by Lieut. Comdr. W.A. CAUGHEY, USNR, left ship for air transportation enroute to United States.

1430 Transferred casualties to U.S.S. BOUNTIFUL.



July 2-3, 1944

Continued repair of landing craft.



July 4, 1944

1425 Hoisted 800 rounds of 40MM ammunition aboard.



July 5, 1944



1703 LST 275 alongside and received 100 M7 and 205 M6 depth charges.

2003 Prepared to repel air attack.



July 6, 1944



0025 Prepared to repel air attack, made smoke, no action developed.

0800 Continued repair of landing craft.

1254 Underway to receive fuel from U.S.S. KENNEBAGO (AO81). Received 3558 barrels of fuel.

1600 Anchored in Berth 63, SAIPAN Anchorage.

1940 Prepared to repel air attack, made smoke, no action developed.

2220 Prepared to repel air attack, made smoke, no action developed.



July 7, 1944

0028 Prepared to repel air attack.

0113 Ensign S. RABINOWITZ, USNR, and 6 LCM(3) with crews, transferred to SAIPAN Boat Pool for temporary duty.

1903 Received 10 drums fog oil, 3 smoke pots and 2 M-2 smoke floats from LCI 455.

1951 Prepared to repel air attack, enemy planes overhead.

2036 Prepared to repel air attack.

2105 Prepared to repel air attack.



July 8, 1944

Received 3000 powder cases from U.S.S. Powell, U.S.S. RUGFORD, U.S.S. STOCKHAM and U.S.S. SELFRIDGE.

1736 Underway for ENIWETOK in company with Task Unit 51.18.11, OTC in U.S.S. CAPAHEE.



PART III - PERFORMANCE OF ORDNANCE MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT



(a) No material or training deficiencies were noted on this vessel. Fire discipline was excellent. Only when flares were dropped by the enemy directly over the transports did the men at the guns get "trigger fingers" and open fire.

(b) This ship expended 11 rounds of 5"/38 cal., 68 rounds of 40MM, and 200 rounds of 20MM ammunition.

(c) One enemy plane, brought down by shore batteries was seen to fall. Due to an excellent barrage type of fire enemy planes were held at a decided disadvantage in their attempts to disrupt the transport area.

(d) The effectiveness of enemy ordnance was not observed.



PART IV - BATTLE DAMAGE



(1) There was no battle damage to this vessel. The LCM(3)'s suffered no battle damage other than incidental damage to ramps, propellers and rudders incident to the loading of tanks. All boats were operating when the action ended.



PART V - SPECIAL COMMENTS



(a) All communications facilities appeared to be adequate. There were no failures.

(b) Enemy air operations were numerous, and included the use of fighting planes and "Betty" bombers. No damage was inflicted on this ship.

(c) The repair facilities of this ship were heavily burdened, having repaired 175 LCM(3)'s and 5 LCV(P)'s; in addition, 20 LCM(3) and 15 LCV(P) were repaired in the water, and 22 boats of both classes were hoisted to the rain for minor repairs. In addition 2 LCC were restored to operation, and one SC was assisted while alongside. A number of other jobs were also performed by own machine ship for other vessels.

It is reasonable to believe that much of the damage incurred by landing craft could be reduced by strengthening skegs and struts with 4" channel iron, making ramp hocks of heavier stock, using more fenders, reenforcing LCM ramp ribbing with heavy planking, more careful use of wire and manila lines by boat crews to avoid it becoming entangled in propellers, replacement of present type ramp belt with a link type belt facilitating easier adjustment, and by utilizing a "scoop type" strainer for the taking in of sea suction.

Due to the heavy burden of work placed upon own present repair unit, which is a temporary organization, it is recommended that our personnel complement be increased by at least thirty six men. With this increase it would be possible to form and maintain a permanent repair division with increased efficiency and an asset to the ship under all conditions.

It is further recommended that smoke boats be placed under the jurisdiction of a single ship, exercising closer supervision over the boats and responsible for the ships in a particular zone. It is suggested that ships equipped with Bessler Fog Machine should operate them alternately instead of simultaneously, due to the fact that air raids are frequently of long duration. This would tend to reduce the consumption of fog oil and lengthen the period over which it may be used; it is presumed that the effectiveness of the smoke screen will not be lost.

It is believed that the necessity for good packaging of supplies cannot be overemphasized. Furthermore the using of a Landing Craft Kitchen is definitely needed, not exactly during the assault phase, but during the protracted unloading period or interval between operations.



PART VI - PERSONNEL PERFORMANCE AND CASUALTIES



1. Two casualties were suffered by navy personnel attached to this vessel. ADKINS, Elmer Robert, 565 73 49, S2c, USNR was slightly wounded in the action of June 15, 1944. As a result of wounds received in the line of duty his middle and ring fingers of the right hand was amputated. No. 2572 Key Letter "K". ADKINS was transferred to the USS LEONARD WOOD June 24, 1944 for further treatment and disposition. HAILEY, Paul (n), 555 97 54, S2c, USNR was slightly injured in action June 19, 1944. Injury received in the line of duty - single fracture of lower left forearm. No. 2518 Key Letter "K". HALLEY was transferred June 24, 1944 to the USS LEONARD WOOD for further treatment and disposition.

2. The boat repair division has been specifically commended by the Commanding Officer. The skill and devotion to duty demonstrated by this unit was most outstanding, and several of the unit's members having been recommended for awards.



W.A. CAUGHEY









C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L



THIRD ENDORSEMENT to

CO, USS ASHLAND Ltr.

LSD1/A16-3 Ser. 050

dated 26 August 1944



From: Commander Amphibious Forces, U. S. Pacific Fleet

To: Commander in Chief, United States Fleet

Via: Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet



Subject: Action Report or Report of Operations SAIPAN, Island

15 June 1944 to 8 July 1944



1. Forwarded.

2. The recommendation that smoke boats be placed under the jurisdiction of a single ship is not concurred in. Each ship should have direct control over its own smoke boat to insure that the individual ship is covered with smoke.

3. The recommendation that ships equipped with more than one Besler generator operate them alternately instead of simultaneously, in order to conserve fog oil, if concurred in:



R.K. TURNER





ACTION REPORT or REPORT OF OPERATIONS, TINIAN ISLAND

24 July to 27 July 1944





1. In accordance with the above references the following report is submitted.



PART I - GENERAL NARRATIVE



1. This vessel participated in the capture of TINIAN Island as part of Task Force FIFTY TWO (Rear Admiral HILL, Commander Group TWO, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet, U.S.S. CAMBRIA), and of Task Group 52.2 (Captain RICHARDSON, Commander of Transports, U.S.S. CAVALIER), and of Transport Division SEVEN, (Captain RICHARDSON, Commander Transport Division SEVEN), on July 24 to July 27, 1944. The essential features of this action insofar as this vessel was concerned was the landing of medium tanks via LCM(3)'s and LVT's with ramps (doodlebugs) in the assault against TINIAN. With the exception of a few scattered enemy projectiles in the Trans- port Area this vessel was not attacked nor did she take part in shore bombardment. Zone time minus Ten, East Longitude Date in effect.



PRELIMINARIES



(a) Upon the capture of SAIPAN Island, this vessel departed SAIPAN enroute to ENIWETOK where, in preparation for the attack on TINIAN, she received fuel, provisions, twenty LCM(3)'s with officers and crews. On July 15, 1944 departed ENIWETOK enroute to SAIPAN as a member of Task Unit 52.4.3, CTU in U.S.S. KNOX. On July 19, 1944 arrived in SAIPAN.

(b) The mission of this vessel was the transportation of twenty LCM(3)'s, and the launching of seventeen medium tanks, one tank retriever and personnel from Company "B", 24th R.T.C., FOURTH Marine Division, all of which were obtained from SAIPAN, in the assault against TINIAN. It was also the mission of this vessel to receive from SAIPAN and land on TINIAN twelve more LCM(3)'s carrying medium tanks and ten LVT's with ramps (doodlebugs). This vessel was further charged with the landing of 8,200 rounds of 75MM and 2,040 rounds of 81MM, which she received from the SS ROCKLAND VICTORY and Ammunition Dump No. 2 along with 45 bbls. of flame throwing fluid and 30 cylinders of CO2 which she received while at anchor off SAIPAN.



CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF EVENTS



1. This vessel took no part in the action until July 24, 1944.

(a) Ballasted down and launched eighteen LCM(3)'s with medium tanks, one tank retriever and personnel from Co. "B", 24th R.T.C., FOURTH Marine Division as follows:



0520 Underway from SAIPAN to Transport Area ONE off TINIAN.

0530 Commenced ballasting down.

0600 Ceased ballasting down.

0607 Arrived in TINIAN Transport Area.

0646 Resumed ballasting down.

0712 First LCM(3) launched.

0728 Ceased ballasting down.

0732 All LCM(3)'s launched. These boats rendezvoused in Transport Area, off TITIAN, a- waiting orders which would dispatch them to the beach. Upon receipt of orders they

proceeded, satisfactorily and unhindered by enemy shore fire, to land their tanks on white beaches.

0734 Commenced unballasting.

0745 Departed TINIAN Transport Area for SAIPAN, Transport Area.

0836 Anchored in B-59 SAIPAN Harbor.

0842 Commenced ballasting down.

0902 Commenced embarking LCM(3)'s with medium tanks.

0907 Ceased ballasting down.

0910 Completed embarking twelve LCM(3)'s with medium tanks, and commended unballasting.

0925 Captain P.J. HALLORAN C.E.C. USN came aboard to observe the operation.

0943 Commenced embarking LVT's with ramps (doodlebugs).

1028 Embarked ten LVT's in well, and commenced unballasting.

1036 Underway for TINIAN Transport Area.

1040 Ceased unballasting.

1100 Arrived in TINIAN Transport Area.

1130 Commenced repair of landing craft.

1632 Commenced ballasting down.

1700 Launched two LVT's (doodlebugs).

1710 Commenced unballasting, completed 1740.

2105 Departed for SAIPAN Anchorage.

2219 Anchored in berth B-60, SAIPAN.



July 25, 1944

0502 Underway to TINIAN Transport Area.

0528 Arrived in TINIAN Transport Area.

0715 Commenced repair of landing craft.

1100 Loaded 2,874 rounds of 75MM ammunition into LCM(3)'s alongside.

1706 Commenced ballasting down.

1756 Commenced launching LCM(3)'s.

1759 Ceased ballasting.

1807 Launched all LCM(3)'s.

1819 LCM(3)'s left for Control Boat and proceeded to white Beach upon order, landing their cargo satisfactorily, unhindered by enemy gun fire and no damage being inflicted.

1917 Resumed unballasting.

1936 Underway to SAIPAN Harbor.

2111 Captain HALLORAN disembarked in an LCM(3) for SAIPAN Beach.

2120 Underway back to TINIAN Transport Area.

2147 Arrived in TINIAN Transport Area.



July 26, 1944

Repair of landing craft in progress.

1035 Unloaded 5,426 rounds of 75MM ammunition into LCM(3)'s alongside.

1630 Departed for SAIPAN Anchorage.

1851 Anchored in berth B-64 SAIPAN Anchorage.



July 27, 1944

Repair of landing craft in progress.

1455 Transferred ten casualties to Fifth Amphibious Corps. Hospital SAIPAN.

1730 Commenced ballasting down. Ceased at 1816.

1820 First LCM(3) entered well deck.

1839 Eighteen LCM(3)'s in well deck.

1852 Transferred 145 5"38 cal. AA Common projectiles equipped with MK 18 fuzes and powder cases on orders from CTF 52.2 to the USS CONY DD-508 alongside.

1956 Nine LCM(3)'s delivered to U.S.S. BELLE GROVE, without crews, for transportation.

2057 Ceased unballasting.



PERFORMANCE OF ORDNANCE MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT



(a) This vessel had no opportunity to use her ordnance material or equipment.

(b) The effectiveness of enemy ordnance was not observed except for a few scattered shots landing in the TINIAN Transport Area causing no damage to ships but hitting a few LCM's.



PART IV - BATTLE DAMAGE



1. There was no battle damage to this vessel. The LCM's suffered no battle damage other than very minor damage to ramps, rudders and propellers incident to the landing of tanks on the beach. All boats retained a high degree of operating efficiency.



SPECIAL COMMENTS



(a) During the short period between July 14 and July 29 1944 a total of 52 LCM(3)'s were repaired in preparation for and during the assault on TINIAN. It is reasonable to believe that many of the minor repairs made to these boats could be eliminated with discipline, supervision, orale and a more thorough training among the boat crews.

Due to the heavy burden of work placed upon our repair unit, which is a temporary organization, it is recommended that our present complement be increased by at least thirty six men. With the increased complement it would be possible to form and maintain a permanent repair division with increased efficiency that would be an asset to the ship and any operation.





PART VI - PERSONNEL PERFORMANCE



1. The part played by personnel aboard this ship was skillfully demonstrated and commended most highly by the Commanding Officer.



W.A. CAUGHEY





CONFIDENTIAL



From: The Commander, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet

To: The Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet



Subject: Action Report or Report of Operations, TINIAN Island, 24 July to 27 July 1944



1. Forwarded.

2. In connection with remark under "Special Comment" in basic letter, reference (c) directed all LSD's to organize a "small craft repair force" totaling sixteen (16) artificer ratings. The Commander, Amphibious Forces, Pacific, has consistently maintained an excess in these ratings in all LSD's, over and above authorized allowance, in anticipation of heavy work in connection with the repair of small landing craft in combat areas. This repair force will be augmented, if and when it is apparent that additional personnel are absolutely essential.



P.S. THEISS

Chief of Staff



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF AUGUST 1944



1 August 1944

Steaming enroute SAIPAN to ENIWETOK in company with T.U. 51.18.3.; of three columns this vessel is the fourth ship in the left column. OTC and Guide in USS CAVALIER. At 0530 land, bearing 230 approximate distance 9 miles was sighted. We entered ENIWETOK Lagoon at 0748. At 0851 we anchored in Berth C-234 with eighty fathoms of chain to the port anchor. Task Unit 51.18.3 was dissolved by C.T.U 51.18.3 at 0930. In accordance with orders from C.T.D. 30 we ballasted down at 1100 and transferred one LCM(3) with crew and two LCM(3) with one officer and two crews to the USS FULLER and USS JOHN LAND respectively. At 1333 we unballasted to a mean draft of 15'5 1/2".



2 August 1944

Anchored as before. Underway at 0620. Going alongside the S.S. SIGNAL in Berth F-345 we received 3,000 bbls. of fuel oil and transferred 1,200 gallons of fresh water. Underway from S.S. SIGNAL at 1005. At 1142 we anchored in Berth C-234 with ninety fathoms of chain to the port anchor.



3 August 1944

Anchored as before. Underway at 0615 in company with C.T.U. 57.19.14 (Captain RICHARDSON in USS CAVALIER) accordance with orders serial 0039 of 2 August 1944. At 0658 we departed ENIWETOK Lagoon on course 100T. At 0805 we took our assigned station, in this unit of nine ships in three columns, as last ship in left column OTC and Guide in USS CAVALIER. Steaming on course 099T standard speed 14 knots at 1415.



4-6 August 1944

Steaming as before enroute ENIWETOK to PEARL HARBOR. On 4 August radar reported a contact bearing 072T distance 15 miles at 0014, and at 0107 land was sighted abeam to port distance approximately 7 miles. During 5 August ships bearing 262T were sighted on the horizon at 1300. At 2026 we changed course to 074T. At 2200 on 6 August we changed from minus 12 to plus 12 time zone and date to 5 August 1944. We crossed the 180 meridian at 2235 and into west longitude.



6-9 August 1944

Steaming as before. At 0900 on 6 August all ships clocks were advanced one hour to conform with plus eleven time zone. On 8 August at 0900 we advanced all ships clocks ahead one hour to conform with plus ten time zone.



10 August 1944

Steaming as before on course 078T speed 14 knots. At 0525 we stopped the starboard engine due to a loss of steam pressure. Having regained pressure at 0530 the starboard engine was started again. At 0535 ships bearing 145 were sighted on the horizon. Land was sighted at 0805 bearing 020T distance 24.5 miles. At 0922 this ship took station in a new column as fourth vessel in the column, OTC and Guide in USS CAVALIER. We entered the channel of PEARL HARBOR T.H. on various courses and speeds at 1011 enroute to Berth X-4 with pilots Ens. NORDGREN and Bos'n PETERSON aboard. Moored at 1200 bow and stern to buoys in Berth X-4 PEARL HARBOR T.H.



11 August 1944

Moored as before. Ballasted down at 0956 to mean draft 23'10". During the morning we transferred twelve men with three LCM(3), and then men with two LCM(3) respectively to the USS J. FRANKLIN BELL and USS CALVERT for duty, also fifteen LCM(3) without crews to the WAIPIO Amphibious Training Base T.H. Unballasted at 1305 to mean draft of 14'5". During the remainder of the day we received 12,000 gallons of fresh water form the YW #86 plus various stores and provisions from N.S.D. PEARL HARBOR, T.H.



12-15 August 1944

Moored as before bow and stern to buoys in Berth X-4 PEARL HARBOR T.H. and receiving various provisions form N.S.D. PEARL HARBOR T.H. On 15 August we received 30,000 gal. of fresh water from the YW #86.



16-17 August 1944

Moored as before. At 1916 on 16 August in accordance with dispatch Navy Yard PEARL HARBOR we got underway with pilot aboard and shifted berth to B-24 PEARL HARBOR T.H. At 2015 we moored starboard side to the USS BELLE GROVE which was moored starboard side to the USS LAMAR which was moored starboard side to berth B-24. On 17 August we transferred 4,400 gal. of gasoline to the YO #124.



18 August 1944

Moored as before. During the morning we received 360 bbls. of diesel oil from YO #43. At 0845 the Commanding Officer from the USS LINDENWALD came aboard with an inspection party and conducted a preliminary material inspection with lasted until 1100. Underway at 1113 with pilot Ens. NORDGREN aboard, shifting berth to Dry Dock #2 PEARL HARBOR T.H. At 1148 our bow over the sill of the dry dock. We moored astern the USS BOLIVAR and commenced receiving services from the dock at 1155. At 1413 the ship lay on the blocks.



19-22 August 1944

Dry Dock #2 PEARL HARBOR T.H. yard workman aboard. Out bottom is being scraped, sand blasted and painted while 100 feet of the splinter deck is being removed. Receiving various stores and provisions from N.S.D. On 20 August at 1305 Chief Machinist GSCHWEND reported the tightening of ship's propellers, by yard workman, completed and satisfactory.



23 August 1944

In Dry Dock as before. At 1330 flooding of the dry dock began and we discontinued all services from the dock at 1430. The ship was water-borne by 1450 and we commenced moving astern in accordance with orders from the Captain of the yard PEARL HARBOR T.H., at 1539, after the dry dock gate was opened. We moved astern to a point just outside the sill and jacked over main engines. After ballasting down to a mean draft of 18' we were towed from the dry dock by YT #119 at 1701. By 1707 we were underway with pilot aboard on various courses and speeds enroute to berth B-22 PEARL HARBOR, T.H. and at 1747 we moored starboard side to the USS PENSACOLA which was moored starboard side to the USS NEW JERSEY in B-22.



24 August 1944

Moored as before in Berth B-22. Underway at 0625 with pilot aboard shifting berth to X-13 in compliance with orders from Captain of the Yard. At 0735 we moored starboard side to the S.S. RUNNER and to buoys fore and aft in Berth X-13 PEARL HARBOR T.H. During the remainder of the day we received 6,172 bbls. of fuel oil from the YO #47, 11 LCM(3)'s from WAIPIO Amphibious Training Base, and miscellaneous general stores from N.S.D. Also an advanced detail of Co. A 767th Tank Battalion reported above.



25 August 1944

Moored as before with yard workmen aboard. At 0645 14 LCM(3)'s left for Berth K11 1/2 to pick up medium tanks. We ballasted down at 0910 to a mean draft of 25', and embarked 14 LCM(3)'s with personnel of Co. A 767th Tank Battalion and medium tanks at 1105. At 1346 the LCT(6) #772 entered the well deck carrying in addition to one officer and it's crew, 4 medium tanks and 2 wrecking trucks. We also received 5,550 gallons of gasoline from the YO #124 and 90,000 fresh water from the YW #91. Underway at 1514 in obedience to orders from CTD Able Training Orders 169-44 (ComGrpThreePhibsPac) and 9-44 (ComTransGrp. Able) in effect. Unballasted at 1645 to mean draft 17'6". Stopped port engine at 1736 to make repairs to throttle. At 1749 we departed PEARL HARBOR channel on course 180(T) standard speed 15 knots, taking station in T.U. 33.3.2 as last ship in a column of five vessels OTC and Guide in USS KNOX. Completed repairs to throttle on port engine and started same at 1752.



26 August 1944

Steaming as before on course 102(T) speed 9 knots. At 0205 a light was sighted bearing 074(T) and radar reported land bearing 074(T), distance 15 miles. We approached our anchorage independently at 0640, and anchored with eighty fathoms of chain to the port anchor in Berth 33-C, Lahaina Roads, MAUI T.H. 0755.



27-28 August 1944

Anchored as before.



29 August 1944

Anchored as before. Underway at 1605 in accordance with instructions from C.T.G. 33.1. Forming cruising disposition 4T we took position as last ship in left column at 1630 O.T.C. in USS APPALACHIAN and Guide in USS CAVALIER. At 1640 we took departure on course 199(T) standard speed 2/3 (120 RPM).



30 August 1944

Steaming as before on course 325(T) speed 12 knots. At 0730 the approach disposition was formed this ship being the third vessel in the right hand column astern the USS HEYWOOD and USS MONITOR. Ballasted down to mean draft of 20' and departed the Transport Area for LSD-1 Area at 0754. Arrived in LSD-1 Area at 0840, and ballasted down to a mean draft of 23'5" at 0858. At 0859 the LCT(6) #772 was launched and dispatched with ships boat #2 to the Rendezvous Area. Returning with ships boat #2 the LCT entered the well deck at 1055 was secured in position. Unballasted at 1359 to mean draft of 17'5 1/2".



31 August 1944

Maneuvering in position with T.G. 33.3 in inner Transport Area, MAALEA BAY T.H. Underway at 0615 with C.T.D. 30 standard speed 12 knots this vessel taking station at 0635 as last ship in column of six astern the USS RIXEY, OTC and Guide in USS KNOX. On orders from CTD-30 we proceeded to the southwest corner of the Transport Area at 0654. Ballasted down to mean draft 20' at 0759. At 1700 we took departure from the Transport







Area with CTD 30 on course 260(T) speed 14.5 knots, and anchored in Berth 33-C LaHaina Roads with eighty fathoms of chain to the port anchor at 1743. Unballasted to a mean draft of 17'6" at 2004.



W.A. CAUGHEY



THE WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER 1944



1 September 1944

(a) The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is assigned to the Amphibious Forces U.S. Pacific Fleet (Vice Admiral TURNER), to Commander Task Force 33 (Vice Admiral WILKINSON), Commander Attack Group Able CTG 33.1 (Rear Admiral CONALLY in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN), Commander Transport Group Able CTG 33.3 (Captain RICHARDSON in U.S.S. CAVALIER), and Commander Transport Division 38 CTU 33.3.3 (Captain ALLEN in U.S.S. LAMAR).

(b) Anchored in Berth 33-C LAHAINA ROADS T.H. with eighty fathoms of chain to the port anchor.



2 September 1944

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0756 in company with TG 33.1 in accordance with Training Order 179-44, OTC and Guide in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN. At 0825 we took our assigned station in cruising disposition 4T and took departure at 0904 on course 310 T, standard speed 13 knots. During the day we executed scheduled anti-aircraft firing practice expended 30 rounds of 5"38 cal, 716 rounds of 40MM and 2,400 rounds of 20MM ammunition. At 2205 this column was detached from the formation and proceeded independently, Guide in U.S.S. KNOX, in a series of column movements to reverse course to return to PEARL HARBOR.



3 September 1944

(a) Steaming as before in company with Transport Division 30. At 0220 a column of ships burning running lights were sighted abeam to port, and on orders from OTC we turned on our running lights. On orders from OTC all running lights were turned off at 0244. Land bearing 002 T, distance 45 miles was sighted at 0745. A new column was formed in order of entry at 0907 on orders from CTD 30, and we took our assigned station as second ship in column astern the U.S.S. CHARA. At 1051 we entered the channel to PEARL HARBOR, and after maneuvering on various courses and speeds with pilot aboard, we moored bow and stern to buoys fore and aft in berth X-9 PEARL HARBOR, T.H. 1159.



4 September 1944

(a) Moored as before. Ballasted down to mean draft of 20' at 0820 and launched our 14 LCM(3)s plus the LCT #772 at 0825. The LCM's were despatched to landing K11 1/2 to unload Army personnel and equipment while the LCT was dispatched to IROQUOIS POINT for the same purpose. At 1114 we embarked 12 LCM, leaving two in the water, and unballasted to a mean draft of 17'5" at 1300. During the remainder of the day we received one converted pontoon section plus two gasoline pumps from the Pontoon Assembly Area, various medical supplies from NSD and 50,000 gallons of water from the YW #91.



5-7 September 1944

(a) Moored as before with yard workmen aboard, and receiving various stores from NSD. On 6 September we received five propulsion units from the Pontoon Assembly Area to be carried as cargo. During 7 September Captain T.G. Haff, USN accompanied by staff, and inspection party from the U.S.S. LINDENWALD came aboard at 0853 and conducted a material inspection. This inspection was completed at 1155 and all engaged left at that time. During the remainder of the day we received and stored 200 5"38 cal projectile and powder cases, 1,008 rounds of 40MM, 30,760 rounds of 50 cal. and 6,000 rounds of 30 cal. ammunition from the Commanding Officer of Naval Ammunition Depot #70 OAHU, T.H., plus various stores from NSD and the U.S. Naval Air Station at PEARL HARBOR, T.H.





8-10 September 1944

(a) Moored as before and receiving various stores and fresh provisions from N.S.D. On 8 September we received 50,000 gallons of fresh water from the YW #91. During 9-10 September we received 18 LCI ramps as cargo from the LCT 866, two 1/4 ton army vehicles and one half track.



11 September 1944

(a) Moored as before. Commenced ballasting down at 0720. At 0820 we launched all LCM's sending a total of 14 of them to landing K11 1/2 to received medium tanks and personnel of Co. A, 767th Tank Battalion. Ceased ballasting down to mean draft 25' at 0842. The LCT #772 moored alongside to starboard at 1140 and at 1325 we dispatched it to landing K11 1/2 to received 4 medium tanks and 2 wreckers. AT 1620 we embarked 14 LCM(3) and the LCT #772 with army equipment and personnel from Co. A 767th Tank Battalion and unballasted to a men draft 17'3". During the day Lt. Commander BROWING came aboard and conducted a preliminary material inspection.



12 September 1944

(a) Moored as before. At 0855 Commander RIELLY, Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. ALPINE accompanied by an inspection party came aboard to conduct a material inspection, at 1005 Captain ALLEN, USN of CTD 38 U.S.S. LAMAR joined this party; the inspection being completed at 1150, all engaged, left. During the remainder of the day we received ten men in accordance with orders from the Commanding Officer of SL. CU. #34 reference G Annex G to C.T.F. 33 Attack Order A 303-44. We also received 71 bbls. of diesel oil, 1,780 bbls of fuel oil from the YO #47 and 50,000 gal. of fresh water from the YW #10 plus miscellaneous stores from N.S.D.



13-14 September 1944

(a) Moored as before. On 13 September 1944 at 0810 the Y.T.L. #309 in Command of De Leo, C.C. Cox. towing the YW #10 to go along side the U.S.S. COMET in Berth X-8 PEARL HARBOR T.H. hit this ship with the bow of the YW #10 on the starboard side about two feel above the waterline, causing a hole about 1'6" long and 6" wide in the ballast tank A-315-W at frame #40. Draft of ship forward 18' aft 17'4" mean draft 17'8". At 0900 ballast tanks A-315-W and A-W were opened and repairs to the aforementioned damaged commenced. In the course of these two days we received two pneumatic barges from the YCK #16 for transportation. At 2145 of 14 September the repairs to ballast tank A-315-W were completed.



15 September 1944

(a) Moored as before. Underway at 0855 in accordance with Commander Attack Group Able (TG33.1) Movement Order A 171-44 in effect. At 1017 we stood out PEARL HARBOR channel and maneuvered southward to sortie with TG 33.1. We took our assigned station at 1159 with Transport Division 38. At 1319 fleet course and axis was set at 231 T and standard speed 12 knots at 1447. In the afternoon we participated in scheduled anti aircraft firing exercises expending 21 rounds of 5"38 cal., 385 rounds of 40MM and 1,195 rounds of 20MM ammunition. At 2100 all ships clocks were retarded one half hour to conform with plus ten time zone.



16-17 September 1944

(a) Steaming as before enroute PEARL HARBOR to ENIWETOK on base course 256 T, speed 12.7 knots, OTC is U.S.S. APPALACHIAN, Guide in U.S.S. LAMAR. During both these days around 2115 flares were sighted on the horizon astern of us and abeam to starboard respectively. On 16 September at 0306 radar reported twelve ships bearing 078 T distance 31,000 yards. At 1510 six ships were sighted on the horizon bearing 258 T, and at 1530 they passed this formation at a distance of five miles abeam to starboard. At 1650 we received a mail bag from the U.S.S. KIDD (DD661) off the starboard quarter. All ships clocks were retarded one hour at 2100 to conform with plus 11 time zone. At 2110 a plane with running lights passed directly overhead. On 17 September the Commanding Officer commended those members of the "R" Division who repaired the damage, incurred on 14 September, to ballast tank A-315-W, for their extreme devotion to duty thus enabling this ship to comply with its orders and get underway on 15 September 1944 as scheduled.



18-21 September 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. On 19 September we participated in scheduled anti aircraft firing exercise expending 140 rounds of 40MM and 500 rounds of 20MM ammunition. Starshells bearing 070T Distance 15 miles were sighted at 2009, and at 2100 all ships clocks were set back one half hour to conform with plus 11 1/2 time zone. At 2100 on 19 September all ships clocks were set back one half hour to conform with plus 12 time zone. On 21 September we passed into the minus 12 time zone West longitude and changed the date to 21 September.



22-24 September 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. On 22 and 24 September we participated in the scheduled anti aircraft firing practice expending 17 rounds of 5"38 cal., 354 rounds of 40MM and 685 rounds of 20MM. At 2100 on 22 September all ships clocks were retarded one half hour to conform with minus 11 1/2 time zone. On 23 September at 1905 flashed bearing 267T were sighted on the horizon, and at 2100 all ships clocks were set back one half hour to conform with minus 11 time zone.



25 September 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 284T speed 10.5 knots. Land was sighted at 0845 bearing 283T and at 1045 preparatory to entering ENIWETOK channel the respective CTD's assumed command of their column. At 1225 we entered ENIWETOK channel, and at 1232 on orders from CTD 33.3.3 we maneuver- ed independently to our assigned berth and anchored at 1336 in Berth 439 with 120 fathoms of chain to the port anchor.



26-27 September 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0721 on 26 September to go alongside U.S.S.SEPULGA (AO-20) in Berth 344. After receiving 3,288 bbls. of fuel oil we got underway at 1050 and anchored in Berth 439 with 120 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor. At 1345 pursuant to CTG 33.1 Sec. Nav. Dispatch of September 1944 we transferred ten men of SLCU #34 to the U.S.S. GEORGE CLYMER. At 1515 we stripped our ballast tanks mean draft 17'10". On 27 September we received 70 rounds of 5"38 cal., 3,000 rounds of 40MM and 4,000 rounds of 20MM ammunition from the S.S. RICHARD MOEZKOWSKI plus various stores and provisions from the U.S.S. BRIDGE.



28-29 September 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0639 on 28 September in accordance with CTV 33.1 despatch #261818 of September 1944 enroute MANUS. Trimmed ship at 0730 to mean draft of 17'8". Departed channel of INIWETOK Lagoon at 0816 and assumed our station in cruising disposition 4T at 1004 OTC in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN Guide in U.S.S. LAMAR. During the afternoon we participated in scheduled anti aircraft firing practice expending 17 rounds of 5"38 cal., 221 rounds of 40MM and 750 rounds of 20MM ammunition. In the late evening we passed through rather heavy rain squalls.



30 September 1944:

(a) Steaming as before enroute to MANUS standard speed 10 knots. At 0845 a YMS was sighted on the horizon bearing 179T. In the afternoon we participated in scheduled anti aircraft firing practice expending 601 rounds of 40MM and 2,035 rounds of 20MM ammunition. At 1922 star shells were sighted bearing 250T.

W.A. CAUGHEY

Commanding



THE WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF OCTOBER 1944



1 October 1944

(a) The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is assigned to the Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet (Vice Admiral TURNER in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT) and to CTF33 (Vice Admiral WILKINSON in U.S.S. MT. OLYMPUS) Commander Attack Group Able CTG33.1 (Rear Admiral CONOLLY in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN) Commander Transport Group Able CTG33.3 (Captain RICHARDSON in U.S.S. CAVALIER and Commander Transport Division 38 CTU33.3.3 (Captain ALLEN in U.S.S. LAMAR).

(b) Steaming enroute ENIWETOK to MANUS Island in company with TG33.1 on base course 244T. standard speed 8 knots OTC in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN Guide in U.S.S. LAMAR. At 0940 a convoy was sighted bearing 220T. distance 12 miles. To avoid the convoy this formation swung around to the right at 1017. Leaving the convoy abeam to port at a distance of 7 miles the formation came left and resumed base course at 1043. During the morning this vessel participated in scheduled anti aircraft firing exercises expending 292 rounds of 40MM and 1075 rounds of 20MM ammunition. At 1515 a mail bag was delivered by the U.S.S. KIDD off our starboard quarter, and at 2100 all ships clocks were retarded one half hour to conform with minus 10 1/2 time zone.



2 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on course 261T. speed 12 knots. After participating in scheduled anti aircraft firing practice in the afternoon the vessel expended 128 rounds of 40MM and 1,320 rounds of 20MM ammunition. During the evening we passed through rather heavy rain squalls and at 2100 retarded all ships clocks one half hour to conform with minus 10 time zone. This vessel is now a member of the Seventh Fleet (Vice Admiral KINKAID).



3 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. MANUS Island was sighted at 0547 bearing 195T. Steaming independently at 0828 on orders from CTU33.3.3 After retarding all ships clocks one hour at 0914 to conform with minus 9 time zone, this vessel entered the channel to Seeadler Harbor MANUS with pilot aboard at 0816, passing through the anti submarine nets at 0817. Anchored in Berth 287 at 0925 with 70 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor.



4-5 October 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Ballasted down on October 4 at 0603 to a mean draft of 23' and rearranged positions of LCM's in the well deck to gain access to hatch to #2 cylinder port main engine for repairs. Unballasted at 0800 to mean draft of 18'6" and commenced repairs at 1100. Completed repairs to #2 cylinder on October 5 at 1300, tested satisfactorily.



6-8 October 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Secured hatch over #2 cylinder and port main engine at 0957 on October 6. Underway at 1506, changing position in Berth 287 to the northeast corner where we Reanchored with 75 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor at 1528. To rearrange the position of LCM's in the well deck we ballasted down on October 6 at 1410 to a mean draft of 24'2" and unballasted at 1545 to a mean draft of 18'. Received on board during these three days 20 rounds of 5"38 cal., 1,504 rounds of 40MM and 6,120 rounds of 20MM ammunition from the U.S.S. WHITNEY and U.S.S. SIERRA plus stores and provisions from the U.S.S. SCHAULA.



9-10 October 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. This vessel is now assigned to Task Force 79 (Vice Admiral WILKINSON in U.S.S. MT. OLYMPUS), Task Group 79.3 (Captain ALLEN Commander Transport Division 38 in U.S.S. LAMAR). Underway on October 9 in accordance with orders of CTG79.3 to go alongside S.S. SILVER CLOUD in Berth 344 for fuel. Moored port side to S.S. SILVER CLOUD at 1713 and received 3,000 bbls. of fuel oil plus provisions from the U.S.S. MERCURY. Underway on October 10 at 0547, anchoring with 70 fathoms of chain to the port anchor in Berth 287 at 0702.



11-13 October 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. At 1830 on October 12 while preparing to make smoke from ships boat #2 alongside, an M4-1A smoke float accidentally ignited, water from this vessel was sprayed into the boat to reduce fire hazard. No damage occurred. However Ens. S. Rabinowitz D-V(S) #258049 USNR, Thompson R.J. Cox #312 80 54 USNR, Corbett, G.C. MoMM3c #575 03 05 USNR, and Collins, C. S1c #849 92 40 USNR, were admitted to sick bay with diagnosis: Poisoning acute H.C. smoke mixture 2601. Received miscellaneous GSK stores from MANUS and provisions from S.S. BLUEJACKET during these days.



14 October 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0623 in accordance with orders of CTG 79.1 enroute MANUS Island to LEYTE Island. Passed through anti-submarine nets and out of Seeadler Harbor at 0717. At 0926 all ships were on station, this vessel being sixth and last ship in column 600 yards astern U.S.S. STARLIGHT OTC in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN, guide in U.S.S. LAMAR. Steamed paravanes during the late morning and executed scheduled anti-aircraft firing practice in the afternoon expending 9 rounds of 5"38 cal., 79 rounds of 40MM and 540 rounds of 20MM ammunition.



15-16 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on course 314T speed 11 knots. During both of these days this vessel steamed paravanes. At 1500 on October 15 the U.S.S. ABBOT delivered Official Mail off our starboard quarter. During October 16 this vessel expended 3 rounds of 5"38 cal., 366 rounds of 40MM and 1,180 rounds of 20MM ammunition after participating in scheduled anti-aircraft firing exercises.



17-18 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on course 300T speed 11 knots. Streamed paravanes at 0803 on October 17. At 1212 the U.S.S. CHAUNCEY delivered OM and U.S. Mail off our starboard quarter. AT 1849 it was reported that a number of ships bore 058T distance 44,000 yards. During the evening watch numerous star shells presumed to be from the Palau Island group were sighted off our starboard -hand. On October 18 the U.S.S. KIDD and U.S.S. ERBEN re- ported mines floating in the vicinity.



19 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. At 0733 due to a steering casualty this vessel was forced to drop out of formation and effect repairs. Upon completion of the repairs we resumed station as sixth ship in right center column at 0804, and conducted a test of the steering system at 0925 which proved satisfactory. Commenced streaming paravanes at 1633. At 1921 the port paravane tow line parted, bending the boom as it fell back on the inhaul; to avoid dropping out formation the inhaul wire was cut on deck and the paravane lost. At 2233 the starboard towline parted, bending the boom, the inhaul wire then parted and the paravane carried away. Upon inspection the follow- ing morning, it was found in both cases that the towline had parted just aft of the metallic splice; presumably caused by weakened wire resulting from overheating at the time of manufacture.

20 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 296T. standard speed 11 knots. A white light was sighted on the horizon bearing 312T. at 0143. At 0244 another white light bearing 333T was sighted. Land bearing 240T. distance 7.5 miles was sighted at 0337 and at 0345 we entered Suriago Strait passing Desolation Point abeam to port at a distance of 2.5 miles. After arriving in Transport Area I off LEYTE Island at 0726 this vessel departed the Transport Area for the LSD-1 Area anchoring in the latter area at 0828 with 50 fathoms of chain to the port anchor San Pedro Bay LEYTE Gulf. Ballasted down to mean draft of 24'6" at 0907 and commenced launching landing craft.

By 0919 the LCT #772 carrying 4 medium tanks and personnel of Co. A 767th Tank Battalion plus its crew of thirteen men under the command of Ensign R.G. STOEHR D-V(G) 314322 USNR, and fourteen LCM(3) carrying 14 medium tanks and personnel of the aforementioned Tank Battalion, were launched. At this time these landing craft in the company of three Naval Officers, attached to this vessel, were dispatched to the control vessel DD644 from whence they proceeded to land under enemy mortar and small arms fire satisfactorily on beaches Violet 1 and 2. Unballasted at 1016 to mean draft of 18'11". Underway at 111 to reanchor closer to the beach. Anchored at 1138 with 30 fathoms of chain to the port anchor in LSD-1 Area.

At this time we commenced the repair of damaged landing craft. All LCM's participating in the assault returned to this vessel undamaged at 1146, and were immediately dispatched to assist the unloading of other ships of TG 79.3 in accordance with previous instructions. By 1715 all personnel and equipment of the 767th Tank Battalion were disembarked. Ceased repair of landing craft at 1833 and prepared to repel enemy air attack, made smoke no action developed. During the remainder of the day this vessel participated in the making of smoke for twenty minutes before each hour.



21 October 1944:

(a) Anchored as before and making smoke for twenty minutes before each hour. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0525 make smoke, no action developed, and commenced the repair of landing craft at 0640. On two occasions between 0846 and 0946 we prepared to repel enemy air attack with no action developing. At 1502 ceased repair of landing craft and ballasted down at 1523 to a mean draft of 24' awaiting the return of LCM's. At this time we also delivered 14 drums of fog oil, 200 M-4 smoke floats and 75 M-3 smoke pots of the U.S.S. MONITOR. Completed docking LCM's at 1550 and at 1648 prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed. The last LCM entered the well deck at 1650.

Underway at 1700 in accordance with orders from Transport Division 38 lying to and waiting for other vessels to get underway. Due to a heavy smoke screen visibility was reducing rapidly; we set radar watch at 1707. At 1702 the last LCM was hoisted aboard making a total of 12 on board ship. Two LCM's #3 and #10 with the following crews remained in the area to assist the unloading of other ships:

McCullough, J.R. S1c 623 61 73 USNR

Trosclair, L. S1c 847 38 14 USNR

Crossley, E.L. S2c 555 98 21 USNR

Babola, E.J. F1c 244 52 79 USNR



Witaszeck, W. Cox 667 07 43 USNR

Hymel, M.L. S1c 346 41 21 USNR

Flowers, R.G. S2c 641 83 98 USNR

Pelham, C.E. F2c 840 17 88 USNR



Anchored at 1732 with 20 fathoms of chain to the port anchor pending clarification of sailing time. Unballasted at 1745 to a mean draft of 19'2". At 1853 prepared to repel enemy air attack, made smoke, no action developed. Underway at 1956 maneuvering to join other units of TU 79.14.1, visibility 0. At 2200 we passed out of smoke and visibility rose to 2,000 yards. This ship in station at 2209 as fourth ship in left column OTC and formation guide in U.S.S. BOLIVAR.



22 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. Took departure from LEYTE Gulf at 0428 on course 125T. speed 14 knots. Sighted a flotilla of LST's and LCI's at 1105 bearing 155T distance 11 miles. Manned radar for guard duty "C" at 1120 and secured same at 1200.



23 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 115T standard speed 14 knots. Manned radar at 1114 for guard "C" duty. At 1235 this vessel lost feed suction to both boilers and was forced to drop out of formation at 1244 to effect repairs. Upon completion of repairs this ship resumed station at 1255. At 1700 TU 79.14.3 departed the formation for MANUS, this ship taking new station as second in left column astern U.S.S. KNOX. Made necessary repairs at 2041 to starboard engine fuel pumps, this vessel did not leave the formation.



24-25 October 1944:

(a) Steering as before with radar manned for "C" guard duty. On October 24 at 0704 a PBY was sighted bearing 350T distance approximated 6 miles. Secured radar at 1200 "C" guard period being over. Manned radar for "C" guard at 1200 on October 25.



26 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. At 0218 a ships light was sighted bearing 226T distance 8 miles, and at 0327 this formation came around to the left to avoid the vessel. Land was sighted at 0435 bearing 140T distance 20 miles. Having passed the aforementioned vessel this formation swung to the right and resumed base course at 0541. Entered HUMBOLDT BAY, NEW GUINEA at 0940 and secured radar "C" guard at 1000. Anchored at 1055 with 30 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor in berth M-12 HUMBOALDT BAY, and at 1335 veered the starboard anchor chain to 45 fathoms.



27-28 October 1944:

(a) Anchored as before, receiving various supplies and provisions from NSD HOLANDIA, NEW GUINEA.



29 October 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Commenced ballasting down at 0600 mean draft 18'8". At 0715 launched 10 LCM's make a total of 12 in the water. Ceased ballasting down at 0740 mean draft 24'3". In accordance with verbal orders of CTF 76 three officers, 110 enlisted personnel plus nineteen Army LSM's's and equipment from the 592 Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment reported aboard for transportation at 0900. Unballasted at 0920 mean draft 18'8". Received 1,500 rounds of 40MM ammunition from U.S.S. PYRO at 1042. At 1145 Ensign J.S. Richard D-V(G)USNR plus 12 LCM's and crews attached to this vessel, were dispatched to LCT Flotilla (APC9) for temporary additional duty in accordance with orders of the Commanding Officer, reference ComADCom 7th PbibPac Mail Gram of 10 October 1944. Pursuant to verbal orders of CTF 76 sixteen Army Officers and one Naval Officer of Headquarters Company 6th Army reported aboard this vessel at 1345 for transportation. At 1516 pursuant to verbal orders of CTF 76 four Army Officers and 112 enlisted personnel of the 392 Service Squadron reported aboard for transportation.



30 October 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0712 in accordance with orders of Commander Task Group 76.1 (Captain WEAVER in U.S.S. LINDENWALD) movement orders enroute LEYTE Island. Passed out of HUMBOALDT BAY at 0755 and assumed station as third and last ship in right column of TG76.1 OTC formation guide in U.S.S. LINDENWALD. Took departure at 0825 on course 336T. and executed standard speed of 13.5 knots at 0840. Sighted LIKI Island at 1250 bearing 281T. distance 50 miles. Sighted NIROEMOAR Island at 1608 bearing 271T. distance 40 miles.



31 October 1944:

(a) Steaming as before enroute to LEYTE Island on course 293T. speed 12 knots. At 0730 sighted BIAK Island abeam to port distance 45 miles. Sighted a formation of ship identified as Group ONE, with who were to rendezvous, bearing 079T. distance 10 miles at 1154. This formation joined TG 76.1 as left column at 1335.



W.A. CAUGHEY



ACTION REPORT or REPORT OF OPERATION, LEYTE ISLAND

20 October to 21 October 1944



PART I - GENERAL NARRATIVE



1. This vessel participated in the capture of LEYTE Island as a member of Task Group 79.1 (Rear Admiral CONOLLY in U.S.S. APPALACHAIN) and Task Group 79.3 (Captain RICHARDSON, Commander Transport Group ABLE in U.S.S. CAVALIER), Task Unit 79.3.3. Captain ALLEN, Commander Transport Division THIRTY-EIGHT in U.S.S LAMAR), from 20 October to 21 October 1944. The essential features of this action insofar as this vessel was concerned was the landing of medium tanks in the assault against LEYTE Island. This vessel for the first time carried one LCT #772 with a crew of thirteen men under the command of Ensign R.G. STEOHR, D-V(G), USNR (314322). This vessel also carried, as senior officer present and S03, Major F.M. SAYFORD Jr. of the 767th Tank Battalion plust 1st Lieut. N.P. Rivet #0446471, 1st. Lieut. C.R. SMILEY Jr. #01011827, 2nd Lieut. R.M. GILMAN #01014861, 2nd Lieut. R.B. LYONS #01315513 and 112 enlisted personnel of Company A, 767th Tank Battalion under the command of Captain R.B. SCOTT #01011465, 39 enlisted personnel of Attached Detch Headquarters Company 767th Tank Battalion under the command of Captain R.S. LAMBERT #0385862; Captain A.A. TODD #01010270, 1st Lieut. W.M. CHIPRIN #0466684, 2nd Lieut. J.R. Kelly #01012653 and 41 enlisted personnel if Attached ---Detch Service Company, 767th Tank Battalion under the command of Captain J.M. HEFFNER #0337955, and 2 enlisted personnel of Detch---Medical Detachment 767th tank Battalion.

With the exception of daily enemy air raids this vessel was not attacked, nor did she participate in the shore bombardment. Zone Time minus Nine, East Longitude Date in effect.



PRELIMINARIES



(a) On 15 September 1944 at 0856 this vessel departed Pearl Harbor, T.H., enroute ENIWETOK as a member of Task Group 33.1. CTF 33 Movement Order A171-44 in effect. At 1225 on September 25, 1944 this vessel entered the channel of ENIWETOK and anchored in Berth 439. Received ammunition, fuel and provisions while at ENIWETOK. At 0639 on September 28, 1944 underway in accordance with CTG 33.1 dispatch #261818 of September 1944, enroute Manus Island in company with Task Group 331. On October 2, 1944 this ship was assigned to the SEVENTH Fleet (Vice Admiral KINKAID). On October 9, 1944 this ship was assigned to Task Force SEVENTY-NINE (Vice Admiral WILKINSON in U.S.S. MT. OLYMPUS) and to Task Unit 79.3.3. (Captain ALLEN, Commander Transport Division THIRTY-EIGHT in U.S.S. LAMAR). Received ammunition, fuel and provisions while at MANUS Island. On October 14, 1944 at 0623 underway enroute to LEYTE Island in accordance with orders from CTG 79.1. Movement Order A173-44 of CTG 79.1 in effect.

(b) The mission of this vessel was the transportation of fourteen LCM(3)'s, one LCT #772 and the landing of eighteen medium tanks with personnel previously mentioned from the 767th Tank Battalion in the assault against LEYTE Island as directed by CTG 79.1 Attack Order A171-44. This vessel was further charged with the mission of landing two tank wreckers, three Jeeps and a half-track. As cargo this ship carried nine pair of LCI(L) ramps, two pneumatic barges and five pontoon propulsion units. One of the latter one pontoon propulsion unit was installed in pontoon barge alongside and dispatched in accordance with verbal orders from CTG 79.3.

(c) Our own forces consisted of the task organization as listed in CTG 79.1 Attack Order A172-44. This force off LEYTE Island entered Transport Area ONE through SURIAGO Strait and LEYTE Gulf executing approach as described in CTG 79.1 Movement Order A173-44 preparatory to execution of CTG 79.1 Attack Order A172-44 against LEYTE Island.

(d) No enemy forces were sighted by this vessel.

(e) Direction of wind was 125(T), velocity 10-15 knots, the sea was calm, visibility 7,000 yards.



PART II - CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF EVENTS



1. This vessel took no part in the action until 20 October 1944.

(a) Ballasted down and launched fourteen (LCM(3)'s and one LCT as follows:

0734 Departed Transport Area ONE for LSD-1 Area.

0740 Commenced ballasted down, mean draft 18'6".

0759 Ceased ballasting down, mean draft 20'.

0810 Commenced ballasting down, mean draft 20'.

0828 Anchored with 50 fathoms of chain to the port anchor, in LSD-1 Area, LEYTE Gulf off DULAG.

0838 Opened stern gate.

0850 Hoisted out ship's boats.

0907 Commenced launching LCT and LCM(3)'s, ceased ballasting down, mean draft 24'6".

0919 LCT and fourteen LCM(3)'s launched carrying eighteen medium tanks, and dispatched to control vessel DD644 from whence they proceeded to land, under enemy mortar and small arms fire, satisfactorily on beaches VIOLET ONE and TWO.

0920 Commenced unballasting, mean draft 24'11".

1012 Closed stern gate.

1016 Ceased unballasting mean draft 18'11".

1953 Set special sea detail. TG 79.3 moving into Area #2.

1111 Underway and maneuvering to anchor nearer the beach in Transport Area #2.

1138 Anchored with 30 fathoms of chain to the port anchor in Transport Area #2 off DULAG, LEYTE GULF. Commenced repair of landing craft.

1146 Secured from Condition I and set Condition Xray. All LCM(3)'s returned to ship and were dispatched in accordance with previous instructions to unload other ships of TG 79.3.

1602 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, made smoke, no action developed.

1715 Completed unloading all personnel and equipment of 767th Tank Battalion.

1808 Made smoke.

1833 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, made smoke, no action developed.

2011 Set ConditionI-E.

2036 Secured from Condition I-E and set Condition Xray.

2145 Made smoke.



21 October 1944



(a) Making smoke for twenty minutes before each hour.

0505 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

0640 Commenced repair of landing craft.

0920 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

1025 Dispatched pontoon barge to U.S.S. CAVALIER after having installed propulsion unit #6178.

1445 Secured from Condition Xray and set Condition I-ABLE.

1502 Ceased repair of landing craft, and commenced ballasting down, mean draft 18'11".

1515 Hoisted in ship's boat #1.

1522 Opened stern gate.

1523 Completed ballasting down, mean draft 24', and delivered to U.S.S. MONITOR 14 drums of fog oil, 200 M4 smoke floats and 75 M3 smoke pots.

1550 Commenced docking LCM(3)'s.

1630 Commenced unballasting, mean draft 24'.

1646 Hoisted ship's boat #2 aboard.

1648 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

1650 Last LCM(3) entered well deck.

1655 Set special sea detail.

1700 Underway in accordance with orders from CTD 38, lying to and waiting for other vessels to get underway, visibility very low due to heavy smoke screen.

1707 Set radar watch.

1712 Hoisted LCM(3) #6 aboard making a total of twelve LCM aboard ship. The following named crews and boats remained in the area to assist in the unloading of ships:



LCM #3 McCOLLOUGH, J.R. 623 61 73 S1c, USNR

TROSCLAIR, L., 847 38 14 S1c USNR

CROSSLEY, E.L., 555 98 21 S1c, USNR

BABOLA, E.J., 244 52 79 F1c, USNR



LCM#10 WITASZEK, W. 667 07 43 COX, USNR

HYMEL, H.L., 346 41 21 S1c, USNR

FLOWERS, R.G., 641 83 98 S2c, USNR

P LHAM, C.E., 840 17 88 F2C, USNR



1732 Re-anchored with 20 fathoms of chain to the port anchor pending clarification of sailing orders.

1745 Ceased unballasting, mean draft 19'2".

1853 Prepared to repel enemy air attack. Anti-aircraft fire on all sides of ship, we did not open fire.

1956 Underway on various courses and speeds to join other units of TU 79.14.1, visibility zero.



PART III - PERFORMANCE OF ORDNANCE MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT



(a) Due to an excellent smoke screen this vessel had no opportunity to open fire.

(b) The effectiveness of enemy ordnance was not observed. However, the cruiser U.S.S. HONOLULU after suffering a torpedo hit from an enemy plane was seen to list heavily.



PART IV - BATTLE DAMAGE



There was no battle damage to this vessel. The LCM(3)'s suffered no battle damage other than that incidental to ramps, propellers and rudders due to landing of tanks. All boats were operating when the action ended.



PART V - SPECIAL COMMENTS



Communication facilities appeared to be adequate with the exception of Bells Fox signal strength between the hours of 0930 I and 1430 I. Between the aforementioned hours signal strength was very weak and on several occasions between 1130 I and 1300 I signal strength failed completely. It was noted that many other ships experienced the same condition. No failures were recorded in the signal strength of NPM Fox.

A total of six landing craft and one pontoon barge were repaired by this vessel. Because of a damaged piston it was necessary to install a new engine in LCM #14 of this ship. Two other LCM's, #9 and #13 of this ship, due to damaged ramp cables received minor repairs. A Grey Marine diesel engine was replaced in the LCS #28 from the U.S.S. LAMAR, while the engine removed will undergo an overhaul and be used as a spare. The LCS #14 from the U.S.S. LAMAR also received repairs to the bilge pump and a small patch on the port quarter, which damage resulted from a collision with an LVT. One LCM from the U.S.S. MERCURY received minor repairs to the generators and voltage regulators. A single pontoon barge received one propulsion unit from this ship. With tools and equipment furnished from this vessel, personnel from the barge installed the new unit.

In accordance with orders from OTC this ship participated in making smoke, which proved most effective as a defensive measure against enemy aircraft.



PART VI - PERSONNEL PERFORMANCE AND CASUALTIES



(a) The part played by personnel of this ship was skillfully demonstrated and commended most highly be the Commanding Officer.

(b) No casualties were suffered by Naval Personnel attached to this vessel.



W.A CAUGHEY





WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER 1944



1 November 1944:

(a) The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is assigned to the Seventh Fleet (Vice Admiral KINKAID), and Commander Task Group 76.1 (Captain WEAVER., USNR, in U.S.S. LINDENWALD).

(b) Steaming enroute HOLANDIA to LEYTE Island as a member of T.G. 76.1 on base course 337T standard speed 13 knots. This formation is com-posed of three columns with this vessel in station as third and last ship in right column astern the U.S.S CASA GRANDE. OTC and guide in U.S.S. LINDENWALD. An aircraft identified as a friendly C-47 was sighted at 0719 bearing 040T distance 6 miles. At 0905 a group of LST's was sighted bear-ing 312T distance 12 miles, and at 0935 this same group passed us abeam to port at 4 miles. A friendly convoy was sighted at 2143 bearing 037T distance 13 miles.



2-3 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. Pursuant to orders from CTG 78.2 of 1 November 1944 this formation at 1004 changed it's destination for KOSSOL ROADS to await further orders. On 3 November BABELTHAUP Island was sighted at 0532 bearing 130T distance 40 miles. At 0545 sighted a group of vessels at anchor in KOSSOL Passage bearing 098T. While maneuvering off KOSSOL Passage, pending further orders other island of the PALAU Group were sighted at 1414 bearing 144T. distance 33 miles, and at 1446 a group of ships was sighted on the horizon bearing 117T. At 1549 this formation inverted itself placing this vessel as third and last ship in left column. Manned radar for "C" guard duty in 1731.



4 November 1944:

(a) Pursuant to orders of CTG 78.2 of 2 November 1944 this formation is steaming on base course 284T standard speed 14 knots enroute HOLANDIA to LEYTE Island via KOSSOL ROADS. Secured radar "C" guard at 1200, and at 2210 the U.S.S. OGDEN and U.S.S. SAN PEDRO joined this formation assuming stations in the screen.



5 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 296T standard speed 14 knots. Sighted DINIGAT Island at 0420 bearing 260T distance 52 miles, and entered LEYE Gulf at 0631. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0828, no action developed. Commenced ballasting down at 0909 mean draft 17'9", and began maneuvering independently on orders from CTG 76.1 at 1203 approaching anchorage off White Beach. Anchored at 1115 with 20 fathoms of chain to the port anchor off White Beach San Pedro Bay, LEYTE Gulf on the following bearings, Mantuca Point 113T, Mariquitidaquit Light 134T, Mt. Gunhandang 278T and Mt. Danglay 333T.

Commenced launching 19 Army LCM's plus personnel and equipment of 592nd Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment, 392nd Service Squadron and Head- quarters Company 6th Army. Ceased ballasting down at 1136 mean draft 23'9" and by 1136 all Army personnel and equipment had been launched. Unballasted at 1235 to mean draft 18'4".

Pursuant to orders of ComPhibGrp 8 the following named passengers reported aboard this vessel at 1620 for transportation to HOLANDIA, Ens. K.H. DAVIES D-V(G) USNR, Chief Gunner J.D. TAYLOR O-V(S) USNR, STANGIL, T.T. GM2 #243 76 21 USN, and GREER, R.L. AOM2c #613 04 54 USNR. Delivered provisions and four propulsion units to the LCT #954 at 1705 in accordance with orders from CTG 77.2 of November 1944. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 1710 no action developed. Delivered provisions to LCT #738 at 1726 and at 1729 got underway in accordance with CTG 78.2. Movement order 7-44 of 5 November. This vessel took position at 2032 as third and last ship in left column OTC and guide in U.S.S. LINDENWALD. At 2155 DINIGAT Island was sighted bearing 181T distance 9 miles, passed out of LEYTE Gulf at 2225.



6-8 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before enroute LEYTE to HOLANDIA on base course 116T standard speed 11 knots. During this period the members of this formation encountered heavy seas and moderate winds. On 6 November due to a casualty it was necessary to secure radar at 0252. At 0347 repairs were completed and radar resumed "C" guard. This guard was secured at 1200. On 7 November manned radar for "C" guard duty at 1144. Radar was secured at 1456 for repairs. Resumed operations at 1537, upon completion of repairs. At 1200 on 8 November secured radar "C" guard period being over. At 1646 anti aircraft fire was observed on the horizon bearing 200T.



9 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. Sighted northern coast of NEW GUINEA at 0658 bearing 160T distance 65 miles. At 0715 sighted a vessel hull down bearing 125T, and at 1150 manned radar for "C" guard duty. A single ship was sighted at 1208 bearing 108T distance 15 miles. Secured radar "C" guard duty at 1428 and entered HUMBOALDT BAY NEW GUINEA at 1447. Anchored at 1509 in Berth M-13 with 30 fathoms of chain to the port anchor HUMBOALDT BAY, NEW GUINEA, and veered the port anchor chain to 40 fathoms at 1518.

Pursuant to orders ComPhibGrp 5 7th Fleet letter and ComPhibGrp 8 7th Fleet letter the following named passengers departed this vessel for HOLANDIA, NEW GUINEA, Ens. K.H. DAVIES D-V(G) USNR, J.D. TAYLOR O-V(S) Chief Gunner USNR, GREER, R.L. AOM2C 3613 04 54 USNR, and STANGIL, T.T. GM2C 3243 76 21 USN. During the evening pursuant to orders of Commanding Officer ref: ComAdCom7thPhibPac Mail Gram of October 1944, Ens. J.S. RICHARD D-V(G) USNR returned to this vessel with 12 LCMs plus crews. At 2200 the hatch in well deck over port engine was opened to effect repairs to #5 piston.



10 November 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway on the starboard engine at 0757 to go alongside the U.S.S. SALAMONIE for fuel. Completed fueling at 1417 having received 9,470 bbls. of fuel oil and 287 bbls. of diesel oil. Underway on starboard engine at 1454 and anchored at 1539 in berth M-11 with 40 fathoms of chain to the port anchor. Unballasted at 1720, mean draft 18'6". At 1752 pursuant to orders of CTG 76.1 despatch of November 1944 three men of the Alamo Scouts 6th Army plus an Army J boat #1829 reported aboard for transportation. Closed hatch over #5 piston at 1715 and tested it for water tightness at 2120, tested satisfactory.



11 November 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. During the day 18 Army LCM's with 13 officers, 150 enlisted personnel of Co. A 542 Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment, 5 officers of Headquarters Squadron FEAF, 4 officers of 317 Troop Carrier Group, 1 officer of Headquarters Squadron 6th Army and 4 enlisted personnel of 542 Medial Detachment plus gear and equipment report aboard this vessel for transportation in accordance with orders of CTG 76.1 dispatch of November 1944. Ballasted down to receive the aforementioned LCM's at 0725 mean draft 24'. Unballasted at 1235 to mean draft 18'1", and received 20 drums of 80 octane gasoline from NSD HOLANDIA at 1300. Hoisted aboard the Army Picket Boat P-10 for transportation at 1431.



12 November 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. In accordance with ComAdCom 7th Phib. Mailgram and supplementary to Commanding Officer Orders of 29 October 1944 Ens. J.S. RICHARD in charge of 12 LCM's with crews was transferred to the LCT Flotilla at JANTEFA Bay for temporary duty at 0545. Underway at 0719 in accordance with orders of TF 76 Movement Order NG 179-44 of 10 November 1944 and CTG 76.1 Movement Order 2-44 of 10 November 1944. Stood out of HUMBOALDT BAY at 0758 and took position as last ship in right hand column aster U.S.S. WHITE MARSH at 1134 for "C" guard duty and assumed the guard at 1200. At 1702 a B-24 was sighted bearing 330T distance 15 miles.



13 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before in company with Group 2 of CTG 76.1 enroute HOLANDIA to LEYTE via WOENDI. Sighted loom of light on horizon at 0355 bearing 288T. Steaming independently at 0554 in accordance with orders from CTG 76.1, passed through Anti-submarine nets at 0703 and into WOENDI Anchorage. Secured radar "C" guard at 0707, and anchored at 0714 with 30 fathoms of chain to the port anchor in WOENDI Anchorage on the following bearings: left tangent Konori 246T, left tangent Oerw 307T, right tangent Mois Woendi 347T. Underway at 1630 in accordance with orders of CTF 76, Movement Order 179-44 of 10 November in effect. Passed through anti-sub- marine nets and departed WOENDI at 1645. This vessel took position in cruising disposition at 1819 as third and last ship in left column astern the U.S.S. CASA GRANDE, OTC and guide in U.S.S. LINDENWALD. At 1910 sighted an anti-aircraft searchlight bearing 236T.





14-16 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before enroute WOENDI to LEYTE on base course 339T standard speed 13 knots. Manned radar at 1200 for "C" guard duty. On 15 November at 0745 a ship, hull down, was sighted on the horizon bearing 000T. At 0835 the above mentioned ship was identified as the U.S.S. SAN PEDRO, acting as a screen for another convoy, this convoy passed abeam to port at 0845 distance 6 miles. Secured radar "C" guard at 1200. A convoy was sighted at 1333 bearing 332T distance 15 miles; this convoy passed abeam to starboard at 1530. Due to a casualty, radar was secured from repairs at 1751. On 16 November at 0825, a DD was sighted bearing 286T, distance 12 miles, at 0915 the above vessel was identified as the U.S.S. BENNION. It assumed station as an added escort in the formation. Five CVE's plus escorts were sighted at 0930 bearing 010T distance 10 miles. The hospital ship MERCY was sighted at 2231 bearing 286T.



17 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before approaching LEYTE Gulf on course 296T speed 11 knots, radar is still out of commission. Entered LEYTE Gulf at 0214 and sighted a light on the horizon at 0415 bearing 219T. Commenced maneuvering independently in accordance with orders of CTG 76.1 at 0624, and anchored at 0733 off White Beach San Pedro Bay, LEYTE Gulf with 30 fathoms of chain to the port anchor on the following bearings, Mt Danglay 337T, Capines Point 113T, Mariquitidaquit Light 132T. Launched all Army LCM, personnel and equipment of following named units at 0907 and dispatched them to White Beach. Co. A. 542nd Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment, Headquarters Squadron FEAF, 317 Troop Carrier Group, Headquarters Squadron 6th Army, Alamo Scouts 6th Army, 592nd Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment and 542 Medical Detachment. Unballasted at 0923 mean draft 17'5" and delivered provisions to a whale boat from the U.S.S. TULSA alongside to starboard and to the LCI #342 alongside to port at 1022. Underway at 1621 in accordance with orders from CTG 76.1. At 1652 this vessel assumed position as fourth and last ship in right column aster the U.S.S. EPPING FOREST, OTC and guide in U.S.S. LINDENWALD. Observed anti-aircraft fire astern and alerted all guns at 1859. Stood out of LEYTE Gulf at 2207 on course 118T.

18-20 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before enroute LEYTE to HOLANDIA on base course 118 standard speed 14 knots. At 0551 on 18 November two DD's were sighted bearing 050 distance 10 miles.



21 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on course 135 Came 10 to left of course at 0314 to clear a vessel with tow, and at 0331 swung around to the right and assumed course. Sighted NEW GUINEA at 0441 bearing 150 distance 35 miles. At 0845 in accordance with orders from CTG 76.1 commenced maneuvering in-dependently to enter port. Entered HUMBOALDT BAY at 0915 and anchored in berth M-24 with 30 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor at 0951. Ens. J.S. RICHARD D-V(G) USNR plus 12 LCM and crews having completed temporary duty with LCT Flotilla in JANTEFA Bay returned on board pursuant to orders ComAdCom7thPhib, Mailgram of October 1944. Reported for duty this day to CTF 79 (Vice Admiral WILKINSON, USN in U.S.S. MOUNT OLYMPUS)



22-23 November 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Opened ballast tank B-408-W at 1000 on 22 November to repair valves, and closed same upon completion of repairs at 1500. Commenced opening hatch in well deck over starboard engine at 1230, and commenced repairs to #4 and #5 pistons starboard engine at 1620. Received seven tons of frozen provisions from U.S.S. MIZAR during the morn-ing. On 23 November at 0330 removed hatches in well deck and commenced repairs to pistons #1,2 and 3 starboard engine. Opened ballast tank C-303 at 0730 to repair valve, and closed same upon completion of repairs at 0910.



24-26 November 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. On 24 November at 0800 in accordance with orders of C.T.F. 79, ships force commenced removal of spar deck. Received dry provisions from SO NSD HOLANDIA during the morning. In accordance with orders of ComAdCom7th Fleet despatch 23 November 1944 thirty 50 Cal. Brown- ing MK II air cooled machine guns plus spare parts and 40,000 rounds of belted ammunition were transferred to the LCT Flotilla #22 at 1300. LCT #383 came alongside to port at 1725 to removed sections of spar deck. On 25 November at 0537 ships force completed removal of spar deck, at 0948 LCT #383 departed with remaining sections and nine pair of LCI ramps. At 1443 twenty-four 50 cal. Hientz MK II machine gun mounts were delivered to the LCT #1295. At 1630 pursuant to orders of ComServ7th Fleet despatch of November 1944, Ensigns J.S. RICHARD D-V(G) USNR, O.A. DAVIDSON D-V(G)USNR, and S.(n) RABINOWITZ D-V(S)., with 35 enlisted men, 12 LCM, two Grey Marine Diesel engines, and spare parts reported to Navy Boat Pool 3115 NEW GUINEA for duty. Received provisions from NSD HOLANDIA 26 November. Completed repairs to starboard engine at 1700. Hatches over starboard engine room, between frame 64 and 74 were closed at 1830 and tested satisfactorily for watertightness at 1935.



27 November 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. At 0520 detected signs of ship dragging anchor, and both ship's boats were immediately used to check the ship's swing and clear the U.S.S. BANNER. Commenced maneuvering with starboard engine at 0532. Hove in the starboard chain at 0536 and discovered the anchor lost at the bending shackle. Let go the port anchor at 0542 to 30 fathoms mark. Underway at 0733 to go alongside the U.S.S. SUAMICO for fuel. Moored star-board side to U.S.S. SUAMICO Berth N-10 at 0842. Ballasted down at 1055 mean draft 25' and completed fueling ship at 1100 having received 4,413 bbls. of fuel oil. In accordance with Com3rdPbib Dispatch of November 1944 this vessel docked the LCT's #727, 728 and 729 plus officers and crews at 1150, and commenced unballasting at 1152 mean draft 25'. Underway on the starboard engine at 1236, and anchored with 40 fathoms of chain to the port anchor in Berth M-24 at 1333. Ceased unballasting at 1337, mean draft 17'-6". Veered port anchor chain at 2340 to 60 fathoms. Received four drums of lube oil from NSD HOLANDIA, during the evening.



28 November 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway on 28 November at 0530 in accordance with CTF 79 Mailgram of 27 November 1944, enroute HOLANDIA to CAPE GLOUCESTER. Stood out HOMBOLDT Bay at 0552, and took station at 0620, 600 yards astern U.S.S. LINDENWALD as second ship in column, OTC and guide in U.S.S. LINDENWALD. Sighted two ships identified as friendly bearing 100T distance 10 miles. Passed a Liberty ship with three barges in two abeam to port distance 2 miles at 1620 and at 1637 a ship hull down was sighted bearing 078T. At 1707 passed a liberty ship and escorts abeam to port on opposite course at a distance of 5 miles. Sighted light of vessel on opposite course at 1915 bearing 090T, and 1942 passed this vessel on opposite course abeam to starboard distance 3,000 yards. Passed a vessel abeam to port on opposite course at 2040 distance 2,800 yards, and at 2252 land was sighted bearing 135T distance 12 miles. At 2355 VOKEO Island of the SCHOUTEN Island Group was passed abeam to starboard 6 miles.



29-30 November 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 100T standard speed 13 knots enroute HOLANDIA to CAPE GLOUCESTER. On 28 November range lights were sighted at 0124 bearing 170T distance 8 miles, and at 0335 a Liberty ship passed abeam to starboard at a distance of 2.5 miles. BAM Island was sighted at 0427 bearing 200T distance 10 miles, and at 1027 KARKAR Island was sighted bearing 125T distance 26 miles. On 30 November passed TOLOKIWA Island at 0055 abeam to port distance 2.5 miles, and at 0415 New Britain was sighted bearing 125T distance 17 miles. Commenced maneuvering independently upon orders of OTC in U.S.S. LINDENWALD at 0549. Anchored in Berth N with 75 fathoms of chain to the port anchor in BORGEN Bay, New Britain at 0717. Ballasted down at 1234 to mean draft of 24'6". Launched LCT's #727, 728 and 729 at 1301 in accordance with orders of CTG 76.2 at 1301, and unballasted at 1434 to mean draft 17'9". Reported for duty this day to Commander Task Group 79.2 (Rear Admiral ROYAL, USN. in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT), and were further assigned to Commander Transport Group Baker 79.4 (Commodore KNOWLES, USN in





U.S.S. CAVALIER), and to Commander Task Unit 79.4.3, (Commander Transport Division 30 Captain SHORT USN in U.S.S. KNOX).



W.A. CAUGHEY



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF DECEMBER 1944

1-2 December 1944:

(a) The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is assigned to the Seventh Fleet (Vice Admiral KINKAID, USN), to C.T.F. 79, (Vice Admiral WILKINSON, USN., in U.S.S. MOUNT OLYMPUS), to C.T.G. 79.2 (Rear Admiral ROYAL, USN., Commander Attack Group Baker in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT), to C.T.G. 79.4, Commodore KNOWLES, USN. Commander Transport Group Baker in U.S.S. CAMBRIA), and to C.T.U. 79.4.3 (Captain SHORT, USN. Commander Transport Division 30 in U.S.S. KNOX).

(b) Anchored in Berth N, Borgen Bay, New Britain with 75 fathoms of chain to the port anchor. On December 1 at 1526 two sets of paravanes were delivered on board from the U.S.S. KNOX. Zone time minus 9. Underway on December 2 at 0905 in accordance with orders of C.T.G. 79.4 and proceeding to LSM anchorage to participate in test loading of LVT's, pilot Major E.B. DEWEY, U.S.A. aboard. Anchored at 1006 with 45 fathoms of chain to the port anchor in LSM anchorage, Borgen Bay on the following true bearings: Fink Cican 284-T, Razor Back Hill 245T, Target Hill 124T, Nip Island 106T. Ballasted down to mean draft of 25' at 1128 in expectation of LVT's which failed to arrived. Unballasted to mean draft of 19'6" at 1825.



3 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Ballasted down at 0737 to mean draft of 24'6" and docked LCT's #720, 723 and 730, commencing the test mentioned in entry of 2 December. Unballasted to mean draft of 20'6" at 1016, and docked 5 LVT's (A), at 1130. Upon completion of the experiment it was found possible to receive 5, LVT's (A), one being lodge alongside an LCT at the after end of the well deck and four resting on the stern of the well deck. It was also possible to receive 3 J Boats alongside the two LCT's forward in the well deck. Launched the aforementioned LVT's at 1150, and ballasted down at 1200 to mean draft of 25'. Launched all LVT's at 1203. Unballasted at 1310 to mean draft of 18'3". Underway at 1418 in accordance with orders of CTG 79.4, and anchored at 1624 with 50 fathoms of chain to the port anchor in Berth M., Borgen Bay, New Britain. Veered port anchor chain to 90 fathoms at 1632.



4-5 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. 0008 December 4 prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed. On December 5 ballasted down to mean draft of 24"2" at 1257 and docked 10 LCM of the 594th Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment. These boats were docked in order that Army personnel assigned to them might make necessary repairs with assistance by this vessel. Unballasted at 1504 to mean draft 17'9".



6-8 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. On December 8 at 0825 ballasted down to mean draft of 23'10" and launched the 10 LCM of the 594th Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment. Unballasted at 0925 to mean draft 17'8". At 1910 a minor fire occurred in ships boat #2 secured alongside to starboard. THOMPSON, E.P. Cox, and Coxswain of ships boat #2 reported that while testing a new running light, fuel flared up igniting a cot in the boat. The cot was immediately thrown over the side. THOMPSON, E.P. received minor burns to fingers and thumb on right hand, after receiving treatment he was restored to duty. No further damage occurred.



9 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. At 1400 it was reported by SOUTHORN, C.J. S1c Coxswain of ships boat #1 that this boat lay in a damaged condition on Natoma Beach, Borgen Bay. Salvage party consisting of three officers from this vessel were dispatched to the beach. Upon their return at 1915 the salvage party reported that due to surf conditions the boat broached and became lodged on the beach and was damaged to the extent that it did not warrant salvaging. The cox was not held for negligence. Underway at 1938 in accordance with orders from CTG 79.4 shifting berth to calmer water: Lt. IVES, R.A.N. pilot aboard. Anchored in Berth S with 90 fathoms of chain to the port anchor at 1805. Ballasted down to mean draft of 25'6" at 2011 and docked LCT's 727, 728 and 729 loaded with equipment of 594th Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment at 2335.



10 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Unballasted to mean draft of 20'8" at 0040. Docked 5 LVT's at 0113. Completed receiving Army passengers and equipment aboard, at 0300, as follows: 6 Officers and 131 men of Co. "F" 594th Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment, 1 Officer and 35 men of 40th Cavalry Ron. Trs., 1 Officer and 6 men of Co. "A" 594th Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment, 1 Officer and 6 men of R.H.Q. Med. Det. 594th Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment, 1 Officer and 7 men of Co. "C" 264th Med. Bn., 2 Officers, 1 American Red Cross representative and 5 men of GQ. and Hq. Co, 594th Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment, and 3 Officers and 45 men of Co. "E" 594th Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment. Unballasted at 0347 to mean draft 18". Underway at 0649 in accordance with CTG 79.2 Mailgram of 8 December 1944 and C.T.D. 30 despatch of December 1944. Stood out of Borgen Bay at 0742. Took station as second ship in left column at 0900, O.T.C. and guide in U.S.S. CAMBRIA, steaming on base course 290T standard speed 12 knots. Participated in scheduled maneuvering exercises at 1300.



11 December 1944:

(a) Steaming as before in company with T.G. 79.4 enroute CAPE GLOUCESTER to MANUS on base course 340T standard speed 12 knots, O.T.C. and guide in U.S.S. CAMBRIA. Passed PAPIALOU Island abeam to starboard distance 2.5 miles at 0202. Executed scheduled anti-aircraft firing practice at 0834 expend- ing 15 rounds of 5'38 cal. 280 rounds of 40MM, and 1,035 rounds of 20MM ammunition. Stood into SEEADLER Harbor at 1111 and anchored in Berth W-45 with 30 fathoms of chain to the port anchor at 1214. Underway at 1234 moving for-ward in Berth W-45 to clear the U.S.S. LINDENWALD. Anchored at 1259 in Berth W-45 with 50 fathoms of chain to the port anchor.



12-15 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. On December 13 the YO #77 delivered 7,014 gallons of diesel fuel oil to this vessel at 0804, and at 1149 the YO #46 delivered 2,400 bbls. of black fuel oil. Received a 4 ton Patent anchor from N.S.D. MANUS at 1400 to replace lost starboard anchor. This new anchor was secured to the starboard anchor chain at 1450. Received 7 ton of frozen, fresh provisions from N.S.D. MANUS at 2325. On December 14, 1,500 gallons of 80 octane gasoline were delivered aboard in drums from N.S.D. On December 15 in accordance with visual of C.T.U. 30.9.1 of 14 December tested smoke generators at 1400 and received two paravanes from N.S.D. MANUS at 1525.



16 December 1944:

(A) Anchored as before. Underway at 0702 in accordance with ComPhibGrp. 6 Training Order A 606-44 of 13 December 1944. Stood out of SEEADLER Harbor at 0755, and changed all ships clocks at 0810 to conform with minus 11 time zone. All ships on station at 1053 this ship being last in right column. Participated in scheduled anti-aircraft firing exercises during the morning expending 14 rounds of 5"38 cal. 140 rounds of 40MM and 1,049 rounds of 20MM ammunition. During the afternoon participated in scheduled paravane exercises. Executed ships 40 to left of base course 175T at 1623 to avoid shoal, and resumed base course at 1834.



17 December 1944:

(a) Steaming as before in company with T.G. 79.2 on base course 173T, standard speed 12 knots, enroute MANUS to HUON Gulf. O.T.C. and guide in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT. Passed LONG Island at 0545 abeam to starboard, distance 9 miles, and TOLOKIWA and abeam to port at 0600 distance 12.5 miles. Participated in paravane exercise at 1035. During the afternoon executed scheduled tactical and emergency maneuvers. Commenced streaming paravanes at 1833 as scheduled. At 2132 due to a steering casualty it was necessary to drop out of the formation. Upon repairs of the casualty at 2136 this vessel regained her assigned position.



18 December 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. At 0600 land was sighted bearing 338T, distance 8 miles. Recovered paravanes as scheduled at 0633, and commenced maneuvering to assigned position in LSD launching area at 0562. Lying to in position at 0740 on the following true bearings: Sugar Load 274T, Parsee Point 156T, Hill 1900 261T. Commenced ballasting down at 0752 mean draft 19'8" and launched 5 LVT's at 0803. Ceased ballasting down at 0816 at 0816 mean draft 21'. The LVT's, 5, were dispatched at 0823 to the Control Boat off Green Beach.

Ballasted down to mean draft 25'2" and launched LCT's 727, 728 and 729 at 0926, which were dispatched with Army personnel and equipment to the Line of Departure off Green Beach as scheduled. Unballasted to mean draft of 19' 6" at 1011. Underway at 1214 in accordance with orders of C.T.D. 30 proceeding to Transport Area #3. Lying to in Transport Area #3 at 1247. Under- way at 1405 in accordance with orders of C.T.G. 79.4 message 18 December 1944, enroute to anchorage in HUON Gulf. Anchored with 120 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor at 1429 on the following true bearings: Sugar Loaf 239T, Hill 1000 Ft. 235T, Hill 2250 Ft. 216T, Parsee Point 155T. The LST #580 came alongside to port at 1705 to make repairs to pontoon barge fittings. Army LVT's returned to the ship at 1717. Ballasted down to mean draft 25'3" at 1850, and commenced making smoke at 1900 on orders from C.T.G. 79.2. Ceased making smoke at 1905. Docked LCT's 727, 728 and 729 at 1940 with Army personnel and equipment, and at 2240 upon docking of LVT's all Army personnel and equipment had been reembarked. The LST #580 cast off from our port side at 2325.



19 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Made smoke at 0615 in accordance with orders of C.T.F. 79. The LST #580 came alongside to starboard at 1127 to continue re- pairs to pontoon barge fittings. Upon orders to get underway this vessel received permission from C.T.G. 79.2 to delay sailing time until 1645 in order to complete repairs on LST #580. LST #580 cast off at 1625, repairs completed. Underway at 1648 in accordance with C.T.G. 79.2 Movement Order, Mailgram of 19 December 1944. Stood out of HUON Gulf at 1649 and took position in cruising disposition as last ship in left column at 1920. C.T.G. and guide in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT. Steaming on base course 087T, standard speed 12 knots enroute HUON BAY to MANUS.



20 December 1944:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 016T. Participated in scheduled paravane and tactical maneuvering exercises during the morning. At 2315 radar reported land bearing 005T distance 15 miles.



21 December 1944:

(a) Steaming as before. Passed LOU Island abeam to starboard at 0335 distance 4 miles. Participated in schedule anti-aircraft firing practice during the morning, expending 28 rounds of 5"38 cal. 558 rounds of 40MM and 1,365 rounds of 20MM ammunition. Retarded all ships clocks two hours at 1200 to comply with minus 9 time zone. Stood in SEEADLER Harbor at 1055, and anchored at 1131 with 20 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor in Berth 299 SEEADLER Harbor, MANUS. Veered starboard anchor chain to 75 fathoms at 1135. Advanced all ship's clocks one hour at 1230 to conform with minus 10 time zone. Stationed all hands at General Quarters at 1630 in accordance with orders of SOPA MANUS and secured from General Quarters at 1637.



22 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Commenced ballasting down at 0654 mean draft 17'8", and launched 5 Army LVT's at 0734. Ceased ballasting down to mean draft of 24'8" at 0810 and launched LCT's 727, 728 and 729 in accordance with orders of C.T.G. 79.2 despatch of December 1944. Docked the aforementioned LVT's at 0840 and unballasted to mean draft of 18'2" at 0921. Removed hatches in well deck at 1000 to effect repairs to #1, 3, and 4 pistons port engine room.



23 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Received 75,264 gallons of black oil from YO #24 at 0550. At 1600 240 rounds of 5"38 cal. AA common and 52 charges of 5"38 cal. flashless powder were delivered aboard by the LCT 386 from the U.S.N. Magazine MANUS. At 1626 100 rounds of condemned 5"38 cal. ammunition was delivered from this vessel to the Naval Ammunition Depot MANUS.



24-25 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Veered starboard anchor chain to 100 fathoms as precaution against a storm warning from C.T.G. 79.2. On 25 December weighed the starboard anchor at 1115 and let go the port anchor to 27 fathoms of chain. Disconnected the starboard in an LCM alongside at 1122 and connected a new 5 ton Navy Style anchor from N.S.D. MANUS, to the starboard anchor chain at 1128. Walked out the port anchor to 75 fathoms at 1340. At 1652 an LCVP, hull #C-54891, was received from the U.S.S. Warhawk invoice #17-44.



26-27 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Executed pyrotechnic test at 0845 on 26 December in accordance with orders from C.T.G. 79.4. Test satisfactory. Closed hatches in well deck over port engine room at 1630. On 27 December received fresh provisions from U.S.S. TALAMANCA during the morning.

Commenced ballasting down at 1717 mean draft at 17'10" and launched 5 Army LVT's at 1817. Docked LCT's 727, 728, 729 at 2004 and ceased ballasting down at 2005. Mean draft 26'6". Docked 5 Army LVT's at 2133 and unballasted to mean draft 18"7" at 2328.



28-30 December 1944:

(a) anchored as before. On 28 December veered port anchor chain to 90 fathoms at 1254. On 29 December received 300 MK 4-A-2 smoke pots from U.S.S. OLMSTED at 1443 in compliance with orders of C.T.G. 79.4 of 29 December.



31 December 1944:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0652 to sortie with T.G. 79.2 in accordance with C.T.G. 79.2 Attack Order A-605-44 Appendix 1 Annex ABLE. Stood out of SEEADLER Harbor at 0738 and took station in formation at 0825 on base course 312T standard speed 12 knots. O.T.C. and guide in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT. Assumed radar guard ABLE at 0900. Retarded all ships clocks one hour at 1600 to conform with minus 9 time zone. Plan Golden Gate placed in effect by O.T.C. at 1900. Resumed normal cruising condition at 2100.



W.A. CAUGHEY

Commanding Officer



























1945



This was published in THE ASHLANDER just before the LINGAYEN GULF Invasion, LUZON, LEYTE.



SUMMARY OF OUR ORDERS



1. We are operating, under Commander Task Force SEVENTY NINE, Admiral Wilkinson, who is the Commander LINGAYAN Attack Force in the MOUNT OLYMPUS, and under Commander Task Group BAKER (79.2) Admiral ROYAL in the ROCKY MOUNTAIN. Commodore KNOWLES is in command of Transport Group BAKER (79.4) in the CAMBRIA. Captain SHORT is the Commodore of our division, Transport Division THIRTY in the KNOX. Our group will protect, land and establish units of the SIXTH Army in the vicinity of LINGAYEN City, LINGAYEN GULF, PHILIPPINE Islands. Our orders are to assist in the securing and development of the LINGAYEN Area in Central LUZON. Our attack Force (BAKER) beginning at JIG Hour (tentatively 0930) on SUGAR day, the 9th of January, will land troops and supplies on the beaches. Our particular beach is GREEN Beach. After this vessel has unloaded all of its troops and equipment we will operate as a Pontoon Causeway and Barge Repair Ship.



2. During out approach to the target area and while we are there we will be assisted by, not only Army and Navy Air Forces, but by combatant vessels of the THIRD Fleet, who are waiting for portions of the Japanese Fleet to show themselves. While we are in the target area there will be a screen across the end of the Gulf, as well as a screen around us in the Gulf. We may reasonably expect a concentrated effort on the part of the Japanese to spoil our plans. We must do our part to see they are discouraged.



3. We, as a ship, must be prepared to leave the target area on very short notice at any time after we have unloaded our assault forces. I wish to say again that the so called "suicide planes" are much more spectacular than effective. If every man a gun will remember that he must keep cool until the plane has gotten well within range, when he should endeavor to cut the "would be suicide" to pieces in mid-air.



4. If any anytime any person does not understand what action he should take, he should immediately refer to his head of department, or in case of the Army, to his commanding officer. Department heads and Commanding Officers of troops are welcome at any time to consult with the Commanding Officer of this vessel, and to refer to the orders that have been given us. There must be no misunderstanding.



5. There is an alternate plan for landing, to be used in place of the one herein described, that will be placed in effect, of and when the O.T.C. sees fit.



6. We will have the same problem of making smoke as we have had in other operations, and we will do it in the same manner. Smoke Officers and smoke boat crews will receive detailed instructions from the Gunnery Officers and the Commanding Officer. The smoke boat will be prepared to operate as a picket boat as well.



7. While in the target area, we will at all times have steam to get the engines and details alert on the anchor so that we may get underway quickly.



8. At all times, while in the target area, we will be prepared to furnish small craft, food, fuel and necessary materials to assist them in their job, as we would wish to be assisted in our job.



9. Our Combat Intelligence Center operating in the Chart House will continuously keep us informed of the enemy situation, as well as our own.



10. During the time that we lay at anchor, or lay-to in the target area, there will be bow and stern sentries that must be alert 24 hours a day. The Gunnery Officer will see that Thompson Sub-machine guns are given to the OOD on the Bridge Deck and to the Officer in the picket boat, and will make certain that all concerned are properly instructed in the handling of these weapons and safety precautions to be observed.



11. All deck Officers will be responsible for being familiar with shackle system, authenticator system and identification methods. All Deck Officers will be familiar with voice radio procedure and responsible that all transmissions made and received are properly logged. They will be sure that they understand recognition signals for LCT's and smaller craft and will be positive that all who needs these signals do have them in their possession, but only for a period of 24 hours.



12. Officers-of-the-Deck and Junior Officers will be held responsible for knowing what reports there are to be made, when they are to make them, to whom, and the source of their information.



13. Our opportunities for practice are behind us. We are "playing for keeps" and it is up to each individual to see that he does everything in his power to assist the ship in her duties, if we are to return to the coast we know best and steam under the Golden Gate Bridge again.



14. Our transport division will land embarked elements of RCT 160 on GREEN Beach. After out LVT(A)'s hit the beach they pass from our control. After the JIG boats leave the ship they pass from our control to Army. After LCT's have unloaded on the beach they will immediately report to Commander Task Group 79.4 in CAMBRIA for further orders.



15. After this group has reached Point OMAHA, this vessel will proceed without further orders to our berth just to seaward of LST's at Line of Departure. As we proceed to this position we will ballast down to a draft of 20 feet at the stern with a drag of about 2 feet, and the First Lieutenant will supervise the preparation for hoisting out ship's boats and JIG boats, as well as lifting bull dozers from harm's way. The personnel assigned to ship's boats, JIG boats and the crew of #3 boat will be aboard prior to hoisting out and will be prepared in all respects to carry out their duties as directed.



16. Immediately the LVT(A);s are in the water their wave guide will proceed with the, at best possible speeds consistent with their safety, to the Line of Departure where he will report his presence to the control vessel, and be alert to lead the LVT(A)'s to within 300 yards of the beach when directed by control. They then stand by to pick up Wave Guide Officers from the LCV(P)'s of the other ships of our group, and after returning them to their parent ship or other destination indicated, will return to this ship as quickly as possible. Keep this ship informed of any difficulties encountered.



17. The Officers in Charge, of LCT's embarked, will, as directed by the Commanding Officer of this vessel, proceed to their position off the Line of Departure when ordered, making certain that the control vessel is aware of their presence on their arrival. The Officers in Charge of these craft will consult with the Commanding Officer of this vessel in regard to their detailed orders.



18. A prospective schedule of events for the operation on SUGAR Day will be published and it is to be understood that the times given on this schedule are tentative, and dependant upon the time of arrival in the target area and confirmation of planned time of JIG Hour.



19. All Department Heads will hand in to Mr. Wallis, their summary of the days events, prior to 2000 on the same day, commencing on 7 January 1945.



20. Although the necessity for such action is not expected, departments will be prepared to furnish working parties to proceed to the beach or some other point to assist in the safe unloading of ships.



21. This ship will use cargo tickets for all Army gear loaded on the boats after the assault wave. OOD's will be responsible for the proper preparation of these cargo tickets and the proper instruction of boat crews carrying the gear and tickets. OOD's will consult Annex ABLE to CTG 79.4 Landing Attack Order A22-44, paragraph 7 (1) and paragraph 8.



22. All boats must be completely outfitted, including emergency rations, fresh water and towing gear as directed in Transport Doctrine, and in current instructions. All boats leaving this vessel will have a copy of the sketch showing relative position of the beach and ship, and the OOD will be responsible for seeing that the Officer in Charge and the Cox in charge knows the distance, the true bearing and the relative bearing of his destination. There will be no smoking in the small boats. There will be no standing on decks in the small boats. The Officer in Charge and the Cox in Charge of boats will take every precaution to see that boats are kept in proper running condition by being sure that equipment is properly stowed, that engines are properly cared for, that bilges are kept clean and dry, that foreign matter is kept clear of the ruder and screw, and they do not make "collision landings". Salvage boats are flying the SAIL Flag and will assist or obtain assistance as needed. Our wave guide boat will carry a radioman to operate the radio who is proficient in visual signals, in addition to the Wave Guide Officer. Boat crews will leave their boats for no reason what so ever unless their boat has been hopelessly damaged and salvage is impossible.



23. For the benefit of those who may leave the ship during the assault phase, this vessel may possibly leave it regular position to go alongside of WARHAWK (AP 168) to obtain their deck load of pontoon barge propulsion units.



W. A. CAUGHEY, Lt. Comdr., USNR

Commanding





WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF JANUARY 1945



1-2 January 1945:

(a) The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is assigned to the Seventh Fleet (Vice Admiral KINKAID USN), to C.T.F. 79 (Vice Admiral WILKINSON USN in U.S.S. MT. OLYMPUS), to C.T.G. 79.2(Rear Admiral ROYAL USN. Commander Attack Group Baker in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT), to C.T.G. 79.4 (Commodore KNOWLES USN. Commanded Transport Group Baker in U.S.S. CAMBRIA), and to CTU 79.4.3 (Captain SHORT USN. Commander Transport Division 30 in U.S.S. KNOX).

(b) Steaming enroute MANUS to LINGAYEN GULF in company with TG 79.2 on base course 296T, standard speed 12 knots, OTC and guide in U.S.S. ROCKY MOUNT. Radar is manned for ABLE guard. Participated in scheduled anti-aircraft firing exercises during both of these days expending 18 rounds of 5"38 cal., 688 rounds of 40MM and 430 rounds of 20MM ammunition. On 1 January the paravane shoe downhaul chain parted this prevented this vessel's participation in scheduled paravane exercises. Executed tactical maneuvering exercises at 1416. Secured radar guard ABLE at 0800 on 2 January.



3-4 January 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Set radar guard ABLE at 0800 on 3 January. Set condition III gun watch at 1600. Secured radar guard ABLE at 0800 on 4 January. Participated in scheduled anti-aircraft firing exercises at 1025 expending 20 rounds of 5"38 cal., 900 rounds of 40MM and 2,070 rounds of 20MM ammunition. Between 1335 and 1449 participated in scheduled maneuvering exercises. During the afternoon of both days the ships of this formation executed a series of emergency turns as a result of reported sound contacts by screening vessels.



5-6 January 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. On 5 January at 0800 set radar guard ABLE. At 2250 radar reported land bearing 247T, distance 24 miles. On 6 January entered SURIAGO STRAIT at 0334 and passed DESOLATION POINT at 0413 beam to port, distance 6 miles. Secured radar guard ABLE at 0800. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 1706, no action developed. Passed out of MINDANAO SEA at 2100 and into the SULU SEA.



7-8 January 1945:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 291T, standard speed 12 knots. Prepared to repel enemy air attack on 7 January at 0147, no action developed. At 0800 set radar guard ABLE. Passed NASO POINT abeam at 0937, distance 17 miles and entered CUYO EAST PASS. SEMIRARA ISLAND was sighted at 1710 bearing 038T, distance 23 miles. Passed AMBULONG ISLAND abeam to starboard, distance 5 miles at 2000. On 8 January entered the CHINA SEA at 0416. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0449, no action developed. Secured radar guard ABLE at 0800. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0908, no action developed. At 1755 a friendly Task Force was sighted bearing 350T, distance 18 miles. At 1807 this convoy was attacked by enemy aircraft. This vessel opened fire on a plane in the vicinity, expending 12 rounds of 40MM. No hits were scored.



9 January 1945:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 050T. Entered LINGAYEN GULF at 0430 and left the formation at 0615 to carry out approach instructions. At 0618 prepared to repel enemy air attack. Anchored at 0740 in Berth W-11 LSD Launching Area with 40 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor on the following true bearings: Binmaley Point 142.5, Portuguese Point 259, right tangent Cabalitian Island 286. Hoisted out Army "J" Boats 1891, 1893 and 1903. Ballasted down at 0745 to mean draft 22'. Opened fire on enemy air- craft (Zekes) in vicinity at 0746, and ceased fire at 0754 having expended 2 rounds of 5"38 cal., 720 rounds of 40MM and 440 rounds of 20MM ammunition. It is believed that the starboard 40MM quad and possibly some of the 20MM's scored hits on a Zeke that closed in a parallel course to almost 1,300 yards from this vessel. Large puffs of smoke were seen to emerge from the fuselage of the plane, and it attempted to gain altitude but appeared to dive and crash approximately 6,000 yards toward the beach. Launched the 5 LVT (A)'s at 0759 and commenced ballasting deeper. At 0805 dispatched the 5 LVT(A)'s in company of wave guide Lt(jg). CLARK to the line of departure, from whence they landed satisfactorily on Green Each. The 3 Army "J" Boats were also dispatched at this time in accordance with CTG 79.2 Attack Order A-605-44. Ballasted down to mean draft 25'6" at 0835 and launched the LCT's 727, 728 and 729 loaded with Army troops and equipment and dispatched them to the Line of Departure. Unballasted to mean draft of 17'6" at 0954. During the day six men of 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment reported aboard as LCM repair and maintenance crew and three men from 302 no. USN. Construction Battalion reported aboard pursuant to orders of CTG 79.2 as pontoon causeway repair unit. Underway at 1540 on orders of CTG 79.4 changing anchorage to Berth B-18 in Transport Area THREE. Anchored at 1625 Transport Area THREE with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor on the following true bearings: Binmaley Belfry 149.5, Lingayen Belfry 188/5. right tangent Cabalitian Island 290.5. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 1732, no action developed. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 1843 and opened fire on enemy planes in the vicinity at 1857. Ceased firing at 1859 having expended 2 rounds of 5"38 cal., 40 rounds of 40MM and 100 rounds of 20MM ammunition, no hits were observed. Prepared to repel enemy air attacks on two occasions during the remainder of the day, no action developed.



10 January 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0605, and made smoke at 0634. At 0701 opened fire on enemy planes in the vicinity. Ceased firing at 0714 after expending 7 rounds of 5"38 cal., 114 rounds of 40MM and 200 rounds of 20MM. No hits were observed. Underway at 1324 on orders of CTG 79.4 to keep ships head into swell and facilitate hoisting aboard of damaged landing craft for repairs. Reanchored at 1437 with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor. During the afternoon four men from the 302nd USN. Construction Battalion reported aboard on orders of CTG 79.2 dispatch of 10 January 1945. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 1903, no action developed, and anchored at 1910 in the San Fabian Area, LINGAYEN GULF with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor.

Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 1958, made smoke, no action developed. Veered the starboard anchor chain to 60 fathoms at 2000.



11 January 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Prepared to repel enemy air attack on two different occasions before leaving the San Fabian Area with no action developing. Underway in compliance with orders of CTG 79.2 at 0816 shifting anchorage off Green Beach. Anchored at 0926 with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor. Repair of landing craft in progress. During the afternoon the LCM repair and maintenance crew of 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment left the ship on orders of Col. FARRELL USA, three men of the 302nd USN. Construction Battalion also reported pursuant to orders of CTG 79.2. Commenced ballasting down at 1610 mean draft 19' and docked the LCT #1069 for repairs at 1638. Ceased ballasting at 1645 mean draft 22". Unballasted to mean draft 18'6" at 1750. Received miscellaneous LCM parts on board from the U.S.S. LAMAR during the evening and at 1816 dispatched barracks bags of Co. A., 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment to Green Beach. Ceased repair of landing craft at 1843 and prepared to repel enemy air attack at 1856 and 2132, no action developed.



12 January 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0618, no action developed. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0756 and opened fire on enemy planes in the vicinity at 0802. Ceased firing at 0807 expending 3 rounds of 5"38 cal., 148 rounds of 40MM and 443 rounds of 20MM ammunition. No hits were observed. The LST 267 came alongside to port at 1113 and at 1210 this vessel transferred 4 propulsion units in accordance with CTG 79.4 Attack Order A-22-44 and remaining personnel of 302nd USN. Construction Battalion, to the aforementioned LST. At 1215 the following men, left at LEYTE on 21 October 1944 in accordance with orders of CTG 79.1, reported aboard:

Babola, E.J. MoMM3c 244 52 76 USNR

Crossley, E.L. S2c 555 98 21 USNR

Flowers, R.G. S2c 641 61 73 USNR

Pelham, C.E. F1c 840 17 48 USNR

Trosclair, F.J. S1c 274 95 25 USNR

Witsazek, W.(n) Cox 667 07 43 USNR

These men had been assigned to the U.S.S. THURAN since 23 October 1944. Ballasted down to mean draft 20' at 1250. At 1355 the LST 267 cast off and the LCT 1069 was launched at 1420 all repairs completed. Unballasted at 1330 to mean draft of 17'6". At 1630 hoisted board 12 LCVP's as follows: APA 31 3, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 14, 16, 19, 28 and 29 with crews and 2 Officers APA 39 LCVP #4 with crew. These boats are aboard for transportation to LEYTE in accordance with orders of CTG 79.4. Underway at 1721 pursuant to orders of CTF 79 dispatch of 12 January 1945 enroute LINGAYEN GULF to LEYTE Island. This vessel took station last in right column at 1844 as a member of T.U. 79. 14.6 (Rear Admiral CONOLLY, USN in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN), OTC and guide in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN, standard speed 12 knots. Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed. Set base course 340T at 1906. Entered China Sea at 2100 and changed course to 315T at 2138.



13-14 January 1945:

(a) Steaming as before in company with T.U. 79.14.6 enroute LINGAYEN GULF to LEYTE on base course 264T standard speed 12 knots. OTC in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN. Guide in U.S.S. ZAILIN. This ship is last in right column. On 13 January passed out of China Sea at 2200 and entered Mindora Strait. At 1240 on 14 January passed MASO Point, distance 12 miles and entered the Sula Sea. During mid and late mornings of both these days this vessel made preparations to repel enemy air attack with no action developing.



15 January 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Passed Siline Island abeam to starboard at 0045, distance 6.5 miles. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0721, no action developed. Changed base course at 1111 to 035T and entered Suriago Strait. At 1330 the U.S.S. ZAILIN departed this formation and U.S.S. OLMSTED assumed duties of fleet guide. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 1412, no action developed. At 1527 changed base course to 325T and entered LEYTE Gulf. Commenced maneuvering independently at 1618 to assigned anchorage on orders from OTC. Anchored at 1716 with 75 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor in our assigned berth. Veered the starboard anchor chain to 130 fathoms at 1719.



16-18 January 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. On 16 January hoisted out the 12 LCVP mentioned in entry of 12 January and dispatched them at 0750 with Officers and crews to parent ships. Walked out the starboard anchor chain to 135 fathoms on 17 January and prepared to repel enemy air attack at 2020, no action developed. At 0610 on January 18 prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed. During the afternoon delivered 72 MK-1, 12 MK-2 and 52 MK-4 smoke pots to U.S.S. FREMONT, also 100 smoke pots of the U.S.S. ALHENA.



19 January 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. This vessel is now assigned to T.U. 78.9.2 (Captain CARLISLE, USN in U.S.S. LEEDSTOWN) and T.U. 78.9.7 (Commander SEAVEY, USNR in U.S.S BELLE GROVE). Underway at 1426 in accordance with CTG 79.9 Movement Order #1-45. All ships in formation at 1510 this vessel is last in fourth column from right. OTC and guide in U.S.S. FREMONT, steaming on base course 090T standard speed 13 knots. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 2125, no action developed.



20-22 January 1945:

(a) Steaming as before from LEYTE to ULITHI. This vessel while enroute to ULITHI is assigned with radar "C" guard commencing at midnight on odd days and ending with midnight on even days. At 1500 on 21 January all ship's clocks were advanced hour to conform with -9 time zone. At 0001 on 22 January all ship's clocks were advanced hour to conform with -10 time zone.



23 January 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. At 0929 Pig Island was sighted bearing 350T, distance 19 miles. At 1305 entered MUGAI Channel. Passed through anti sub- marine net at 1314 and secured radar guard "C at 1315. Anchored at 1342 in Berth 214 ULITHI ATOLL Southern Anchorage with 90 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor. This vessel is now assigned to the 5th U.S. Pacific Fleet under the command of Admiral SPRUANCE, USN, C.T.F. 51 (Vice Admiral TURNER, USN in U.S.S. ELDORADO), CTF 53 (Rear Admiral HILL, USN in U.S.S. AUBURN), CTG 53.2 (Commodore FLANAGAN, USN, Commander Transport Group Baker, Commander Transport Squadron 15 in U.S.S. BAYFIELD), and CTU 53.2.3 (Captain SABALOT, USN, Commander Transport Division 45 in U.S.S. LOGAN).



24-25 January 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. During the morning of 24 January received 45 tons of dry provisions from U.S.S. SHAULA and 15 tons of fresh and frozen provisions from the U.S.S. TRADEWIND. Underway at 1201 on 25 January to move forward in Berth 214. Anchored at 1211 with 90 fathoms of chain to the star- board anchor. At 1400 50 rounds of 5"38 cal. plus 50 5" powder cases with 3,120 rounds of 40MM ammunition were delivered aboard from the U.S.S. RAINIER.



26 January 1945:

(a) AT 1530 The LCM 7 borrowed from the KA 10 was dispatched to dispose of garbage. At 1540 an explosion was observed bearing 080T at a distance of approximately 2 miles. Lt(jg) KEEGAN was dispatched at 1545 to the scene of the explosion in ship's boat #1. An investigation of the circumstances, to be conduced by Lt. C.A. BAILEY , Executive Officer was ordered by the Captain at 1615. At 1640 ship's boat #1 returned, with one casualty, from the explosion. The casualty was hoisted aboard from the ship's boat #1 at 1650. At 1655 a second casualty was hoisted aboard from an LCVP of the KA-10, this boat had picked the casualty up at the scene of the explosion which was apparently caused by the LCM KA-10-7, on a garbage disposal trip, detonating mine in the ZAU channel. The following named men were in the boat at the time. McCULLOUGH, J.R. S1c 623 61 73, V6 USNR, TROSCLAIR, F.J. S1c, 274 95 25 V6 USNR, RODDY, K.J. S1C 347 74 96 V6 USNR., HINSON, E.H., 878 20 09, V6 USNR., HOIKKALA, E.C., MoMM2c, 886 44 89, USN-I.

The survivors brought aboard this vessel were HOIKKALA and HINSON, both of whom were admitted to the sick list for emergency treatment for blast in- juries. At 1756 ship's boat #1 under the supervision of Lt(jg) CLARK having searched the area with out result returned in ship's boat #1 at 1920.

27-29 January 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. On 26 January at 1117 HOIKKALA, E.C., MoMM2c 886 44 89, USN-I and HINSON, E.H., S1C, 878 20 90, V6 USNR were transferred in accordance with Hospital Form G to the U.S.S. SOLACE for treatment to in- juries received in the LCM explosion at 1540 on 26 January 1945.

30 January 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. At 0920 a Board of Investigation. Commander Morris SEAVEY, DM, USNR (65896), U.S.S. BELLE GROVE (LSD-2) Senior Member, convened by order of CTD 32 acting for ComTransRon 11 met to inquire into the circumstances resulting in three (3) enlisted personnel attached to the U.S.S. ASHLAND being severely injured, and the loss one (1) LCM belong- ing to the U.S.S. ALMAAK on temporary assignment to the U.S.S. ASHLAND, that occurred on or about 1535 26 January 1945 in the vicinity of Mangejang Island, Ulithi Atoll, Caroline Islands. At 1725 the Board of Investigation previously mentioned adjourned to meet on board in the morning of 31 January 1945.



31 January 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. The board of Investigation mentioned in the entry of 30 January 1945 met at 0842 and adjourned to await action of convening authority at 1601.



W.A. CAUGHEY



ACTION REPORT OF ASSAULT ON LINGAYEN, LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS



PART I - BRIEF SUMMARY



1. This vessel participated in the capture of LUZON Island as a member of Task Force 79 (Vice Admiral WILKINSON, USN. in USS MT. OLYMPUS), CTG 79.2 (Rear Admiral ROYAL, USN, Com- mander Attack Group Baker in the USS ROCKY MOUNT), CTG 79.4 (Commodore KNOWLES, USN, Commander Transport Group Baker in USS CAMBRIA), and CUT 79.4.3 (Captain SHORT, USN, Com- mander Transport Division 30 in USS Kxxxx), from 9 January to 12 January 1945. The essential features of this action insofar as this vessel was concerned, was the launching and landing of 3 LCT's #727, under the command of Ensigns L.D. NELSON, #317439, USNR., L.D. RARICK, # 398774, USNR., #728 under the command of Ensign J.F. FOY, #302813, USNR., (Ensign W.F. SCOTT, #329678, USNR., was unable to accompany the LCT #728 in the action due to a back injury he received aboard this vessel when he fell approximately six feet from an Army J Boat in the well deck,) and LCT #729 under the command of Ensigns H.F. KENNEDY, #335022, USNR., and C.R. RUTLEDGE, #391556, USNR. This vessel was also concerned with the landing of 5 LVT(A)'s and 3 Army J Boats plus the following officers, men and their equipment in the assault on Lingayen, LUZON Island. 6 Officers, 131 men of Co. F., 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment; 1 Officer, 35 men of 40th Cavalry Ron. Trs. 1 Officer, 6 men of Co. A., 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment. 1 Officer, 8 men of 2nd. Med. 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment; 1 Officer 7 men of Co. c., 264th Med. Bn.; 2 Officers, 1 American Red Cross Representative, 5 men of Hq. and Hq. Co., 594th Engineer Boat and She Regiment; 5 Officers, 43 men of Hq. Co., 2nd Bn. 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment, 2 men of Hq. Co., 1st En. 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment, and 3 Officers and 45 men of Co. E., 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment.

With the exception of daily enemy air raids this vessel was not attacked, nor did she participate in the shore bombardment. Zone time minus 9 East Longitude date in effect.



PART II - PRELIMINARIES



(a) On 31 December 1944 this vessel departed Manus Island enroute Lingayen Gulf, Luzon Island as a member of TG 79.2, CTG 79.2 Attack Order A-605-44 in effect. Enroute to the ob- jective this ship participated in scheduled paravane, signal, CIC, tactical maneuvering and anti-aircraft firing exercises, expending a total of 44 rounds of 5"38 cal., 1,588 rounds of 40MM and 2,500 rounds of 20MM ammunition.

(b) The mission of this vessel was the transportation and landing of 3 LCT's, 5 LVT(A)'s, 3 Army J Boats plus personnel and equipment of 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment previously mentioned, in the assault against Lingayen, Luzon Island. It was also the mission of this vessel to remain in the area as Pontoon Causeway and Barge Repair Ship.

(c) Our forces consisted of the task organization as listed in CTG 79.2 Attack Order A-605-44. This force off Luzon Island entered the LSD launching area through Lingayen Gulf preparatory to execution of CTG 79.2 Attack Order A-605-44. In executing the approach it was impossible for this vessel to stream paravane. Our paravane equipment was rendered useless on 1 January 1945 when the shoe downhaul chain parted.

(d) No enemy forces were sighted by this vessel.



PART III CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF EVENTS



1. This vessel took no part in the action until 9 January 1945

(a) Weather conditions: NE wind from 000-0600 at which time it shifted to the SE until 1500. Wind remained northeast for rest of day. Velocity of wind varied from 3-13 knots, visibility from 1 to 10 nautical miles. Sea was characterized by a smooth, long, low swell.

(b) Ballasted down and launched 3 LCT's and 5 LVT(A)'s as follows:

0615 Left formation to carry out approach instructions.

0618 Prepared to repel enemy air attack. General Quarters.

0655 Ballasted to mean draft 20'. Observed sunrise.

0730 Commenced ballasting deeper.

0740 Anchored n LSD Area with 40 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor in Berth W-11 on the following true bearings: Binmaley Belfry 142.5, Portuguese Point 259, right tangent Cabalithier Island 286. Hoisted out 3 Army J Boats.

0745 Ballasted to mean draft 22'.

0746 Commenced firing on enemy aircraft in the vicinity.

0754 Ceased firing. Ammunition expended 2 rounds 5"38 cal. 720 rounds of 40MM, 440 rounds of 20MM.

0759 Launched the 5 LVT(A)'s and commenced ballasting deeper.

0805 Dispatched Army J Boats 1891, 1893 and 1903 as scheduled in CTG 79.2 Attacked Order A-605-44, and 5 LVT(A)'s in company of wave guide Lt(jg) CLARK, to the Line of Departure from whence they landed satisfactorily on Green Beach 2.

0826 Secured from General Quarters, set condition 3.

0835 Ceased ballasting mean draft 25'6".

0838 Launched LCT's #727, 728 and 729 loaded with Army troops and equipment, and dispatched them to the Line of Departure.

0843 Commenced unballasting.

0954 Unballasted to mean draft 17'6".

1025 Six men from 594th Engineer Bat and Shore Regiment reported aboard for LCM service and maintenance.

1050 Commenced repair of pontoon barges and landing craft.

1220 Hoisted aboard 5 pontoon barge propulsion units, from U.S.S. WARHAWK.

1308 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

1326 Lt(jg) CLARK returned to the ship his mission completed.

1350 Three men, pursuant to verbal orders of CTG 79.2, reported aboard from the 302nd USN., Construction Battalion as pontoon causeway and repair unit.

1540 Underway on orders from CTG 79.4 changing anchorage to Berth B-18 in Transport Area THREE.

1625 Anchored in Transport Area THREE with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor in Berth B-18 on the following true bearings: Binmaley Belfry 149.5, right tangent Cabalitian Island 290.5, Lingayen Belfry 188.5.

1732 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

1830 Commenced making smoke.

1843 Prepared to repel enemy air attack. Observed sunset.

1857 Opened fire on enemy planes in vicinity.

1859 Ceased firing; ammunition expended 2 rounds of 5"38 cal., 40 rounds of 40MM, and 100 rounds of 20MM.

1935 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

2046 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.



10 January 1945



(a) Weather conditions: NE wind from 0000-0900. The wind then shifted to SSE where it remained until 1400 at which time it shifted for the remainder of the day to N and NW. Velocity varied from 2-10 knots, visibility from 1-10 nautical miles. The sea was smooth with a long, low swell.



0605 Prepared to repel enemy air attack.

0634 Made smoke.

0700 Opened fire on enemy aircraft. Ceased making smoke.

0714 Ceased firing; ammunition expended 7 rounds 5"38 cal., 114 rounds 40MM and 200 20MM.

0723 Observed sunrise.

0736 Commenced repairs to pontoon barges and landing craft.

1324 Underway on orders from CTG 79.4 keeping ships head into swell to facilitate hoisting aboard of landing craft.

1437 Re-anchored with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor.

1502 Pursuant to orders of CTG 79.2 three men of 302nd. USN., Construction Battalion reported aboard for due as pontoon barge repair unit.

1753 Delivered 2,000 gallons of fresh water to the LCI #777.

1806 Underway in accordance with orders of CTG 79.2 of 10 January maneuvering to the San Fabian Area for the night.

1844 Observed sunset.

1903 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

1910 Anchored in the San Fabian Area with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor.

1958 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

2002 Veered the starboard anchor chain to 60 fathoms.

2010 Ceased making smoke.



11 January 1945



(a) Weather conditions: NNW wind from 0000-0400 when it shifted to SSE. The wind then shifted to the E at 1000 remaining there until 1300 at which time it shifted to the N and remained for the duration of the day. Velocity of wind varied from 2-14 knots, visibility from 2-10 nautical miles. The sea was smooth with a long low swell.



0543 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

0705 Made smoke.

0728 Observed sunset.

0808 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

0816 Underway in accordance with orders of CTG 79.2 dispatch of 11 January 1945, shifting berth to anchorage off Green Beach.

0926 Anchored with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor.

1205 Pursuant to verbal orders of Col. FARRELL USA. the LCM maintenance crew of 594th En- gineer Boat and Shore Regiment left the ship.

1353 Commenced hoisting LCM's aboard for repairing.

1355 Pursuant to verbal orders of CTG 79.2 men of pontoon causeway and repair unit from 302nd USN. Construction Battalion left the ship.

1610 Commenced ballasting down, mean draft 19'.

1638 Docked LCT #1069 for repairs.

1645 Ceased ballasting mean draft 22'.

1750 Unballasted to mean draft 18'6".

1815 Dispatched barracks bags of 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment to Green Beach.

1843 Observed sunset. Ceased repairs of landing craft.

1856 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

2132 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.



12 January 1945



(a) Weather conditions: N Winds from 0000-0300 when it shifted to NNW until 0800 when it shifted to the S and remained so until 1400 at which time wind shifted to the N and remained for the duration of the day. Velocity of wind varied from 2-12 knots, visibility 1-5 nautical miles. Sea was smooth with a long swell.



0618 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

0622 Commenced making smoke.

0728 Observed sunrise.

0744 Ceased making smoke.

0756 Prepared to repel enemy air attack. General Quarters.

0801 Commenced making smoke.

0802 Opened fire on enemy aircraft in vicinity.

0807 Ceased firing. Ammunition expended 3 rounds 5"38 cal. 148 rounds of 40MM, and 443 rounds of 20MM.

0840 Ceased making smoke.

0850 Secured from General Quarters. Set condition 3.

1113 LST #267 came alongside to port.

1210 Transferred 4 propulsion units to LST #267 in accordance with CTG 79.4 Attack Order A-22-44. Remaining personnel of 302nd USA Construction Battalion were transferred to LST #267 on orders CTG 79.2.

1250 Ballasted down to mean draft 20'.

1310 LST #267 cast off.

1355 Commenced ballasting deeper.

1420 Launched LCT #1069 repairs completed.

1421 Ceased ballasting down, mean draft 22'.

1515 Commenced hoisting aboard 12 LCVP's for transportation to Leyte with crews and 2 officers pursuant to orders of CTG 79.4 dispatch of January 1945.

1530 Unballasted, mean draft 17'6".

1630 Completed hoisting aboard 12 LCVP's as follows: APA 31 boats #3,5,6,8,10,12,14,1619, 28 and 29. AK 98 boats #4.

1714 Hoisted Red Cross equipment into pontoon barge alongside.

1721 Underway in accordance with orders of CTF 79 dispatch of 12 January 1945. Enroute Lingayen Gulf to Leyte Island. Maneuvering to sortie with TU 79.14.6

1805 Took departure on following true bearings: left tangent Cabilitian Island 247.5, Comas Island 262.d, most northerly of Hundred Islands 290.5.

1844 This ship took station as last in right column OTC guide in U.S.S. APPALACHIAN. Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

PART IV - ORDNANCE



(a) A total of 14 rounds of 5"38 cal., 1,022 rounds of 40MM and 1183 rounds of 20MM ammunition was expended in the repulsion of enemy aircraft.

(b) Fire discipline among the gun crews of this ship was excellent. At no time were any guns fired prior to the commence firing order, and at no time did any guns fire after the cease firing order had been given.

(c) On the morning of 9 January 1945 the starboard guns of this vessel consisting of one 40MM quad., one 40MM double and eight 20MM's picked up a ZEKE at approximately 2,000 yards and opened fire. The plane closed in a parallel course to almost 1,300 yards from this vessel. It is believed that the 40MM quad and possibly some 20MM guns scored hits on the plane as large puffs of smoke were seen to emerge from the fuselage. The plane attempted to gain altitude but appeared to dive and crash approximately 6,000 yards toward the beach.

(d) 20MM's of this vessel suffered the following: two broken barrel springs. One broken hammer and one ruptured cartridge.

(e) On several occasions shrapnel fell on and in the vicinity of this vessel, one 50 cal. machine gun projectile was sound on board. No casualties to personnel or equipment resulted from falling shrapnel.



PART V - DAMAGE



(a) This vessel suffered no battle damage.



PART VI - SPECIAL COMMENTS



(a) In addition to types of landing craft previously mentioned in this report, this vessel carried as cargo engineering equipment of the 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment as follows: 9 Jeeps, 3 - 12 yard pans, 1 bulldozer, 1 - 20 ton trailer, 1 - 1 ton trailer, 1 generator, 3-250 gallon water trailers, 1-4 ton wrecker, 3 tractors plus miscellaneous other construction, Red Cross and personal equipment. The total of this cargo was stowed and carried in the 3 LCT's with the exception of the bulldozer, which was carried well forward in the well deck of this vessel. All Red Cross equipment was stowed on the bridge deck.

(b) The 5 LVT(A)'s carried by this vessel were stowed on the stern of the well deck, while the 3 Army J Boats were loaded between the LCT's and the starboard side of the well deck.

(c) The 3 LCT's were received at Hollandia, New Guinea on 27 November 1944. The personnel and equipment of 594th Engineers Boat and Shore Regiment were received at New Britain on 10 December 1944. All cargo was launched and dispatched to Green Beach #2 as mentioned in the Chronological Summary of Events.

(d) A total of 10 landing craft including the LCT #1069 were repaired by this vessel during the operation. In addition on propulsion unit was installed in a pontoon barge and minor repairs administered to four others. It was noticed that there was an unusual amount of rudder damage to landing craft. This was evidently caused by ramming sandbars when retracting from the beach. Another frequent repair was, damaged ramp hinges. Damages in these instances was inflicted when "cats" unloaded cargo from the boats on the beach.



PART VI - PERSONNEL PERFORMANCES AND CASUALTIES



(a) The part played by personnel of this ship was skillfully demonstrated and commended most highly by the Commanding Officer.

(b) No casualties were suffered by Naval personnel attached to this vessel.



W.A. CAUGHEY





SECOND Endorsement On

CO, USS ASHLAND (LSD-1)



From: Commander Amphibious Group SIX (CTG 79.2)

To: Commander in Chief, United States Fleet.

Via: Commander THIRD Amphibious Force (CTF 79)

Subject: Action Report of Assault of Lingayen, Luzon Island,

Philippine Islands.



1. Forwarded.



2. Part III, Paragraph (c).



(a) Prior to departure from MANUS Island, All ships of attack Group BAKER were instructed to overhaul all paravane gear for use en route to the objective.

(b) On the first day of paravane-streaming exercises, this ship's gear was rendered inoperative due to failure of shoe down-haul chain. This would tend to indicate incomplete inspection or fault material.



3. Part V, paragraph (d).



Numerous instances of ramp damage have been reported in this and other operations caused by "Cats" or caterpillar tractors backing up on boat ramps in order to haul out cargo. This damage is entirely unnecessary and may be eliminated by educating shore party personnel and beach parties to the use of tow cables run between cargo in boats and caterpillars on the beach. It might also be advisable to strengthen boat ramps. It is suggested that the correction of this condition be studied by Amphibious Training Commands.



FORREST B. ROYAL







































U.S.S. ASHLAND

C/O Fleet Post Office

San Francisco, Calif.

COMINCH F-01 AA-1

Feb. 1944



CONFIDENTIAL

A.A. ACTION BY SURFACE SHIPS



Location of Ship (Area) Lingayen Gulf U.S.S. ASHLAND



Zone Time 0746, -9 (I) Date 9 January 1945

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



1. Surprise attack (yes or no yes Day or night day

2. Method picking plan up (Radar, binoculars, naked eye) naked eye

3. Range plane was picked up (50, 30, 10, less than 5 miles) 3000 yds

4. Total number of planes observed 3 Type Zekes

5. Number of planes attacking own ship none Type ---

6. Number of planes taken under fire by own ship 2

(a) Of those attacking own --- Type ---

(b) Others 2 Type Zekes

7. Speed and altitude of approach in knots and feet 275 kts. @ 400 ft.

8. Number of guns firing 13 by caliber 8 20MM, 1 5"38 cal. 2 quad & 2 twin 40MM

9. Ammunition expended 1142 rds. by caliber and type 2 - 5"38 cal., 700-40MM, 440-20MM

10. Percent service allowance expended: 2.4% 40MM, 1.3% 20MM, .6% 5"38

MK 14 sights - 20MM

11. Method of control MK 51 Director - 40MM Method of spotting Visual

Method of ranging visual Method of firing MK 51 director (40MM)

12. Approximate time tracking to first shot 5 seconds, #2 plane

13. Approximate time of first hits 7 seconds, #2 plane

14. Approximate time first shot to last shot 20 seconds

15. Approximate position angle open fire #2-5, #3-35

16. Approximate position angle cease fire #2-5, #3-35

17. Approximate bearing first shot #2-135 relative, #3-170 relative

#2 - 1500 yds #2-300 ft.

18. Approximate bearing last shot #3 - 4000 yds Altitude of plane #3-7000 ft.

#2 - 1500 yds #2-300 ft.

19. Approximate range first shot #3 - 4000 yds Altitude of plane #3-7000ft.

20. Approximate minimum range aircraft approached #2 - 1300 Yds. #3 - 3700 Yds.

Altitude #2 - 300 ft. #3 - 7000 ft.

21. Approximate range last shot: #2 - 4000 yds. #3 - 4200 yds.

Altitude: #2 - 400 ft. #3 - 7000 ft.

22. Approximate altitude of bomb release NONE Size of bomb: ---- .

23. Approximate range torpedo release NONE Size of Torpedo: --- .









WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY 1945



1-4 February 1945:

(a) The USS ASHLAND (LSD-1)attached to the 5th U.S. Pacific Fleet (Admiral SPRUANCE USN); Commander Task Force 51 (Vice Admiral TURNER USN. in USS AUBURN), Commander Task Force 53 (Rear Admiral HILL, USN. Commander Task Group 53.2 (Commodore FLANAGAN USN. Commander Transport Group Baker, Commander Transport Squadron 15, in USS MAYFIELD); Commander Task Unit 53.2.3 (Captain SABALOT USN, Commander Transport Division 45 in USS LOGAN).

(b) Anchored in Berth 214 Southern Anchorage Ulithi Atoll with 90 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor. Received 7,588 bbls. of fuel oil from the YO #46 at 1324, on 1 February.



5 February 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 1651 in accordance with ComTransRon II Mailgram of 031133 of February 1945, to sortie with USS OZARK and USS BELLE GROVE. Stood out of MAGUI channel at 1727. At 1750 formed cruising disposition consisting of three ships in a single column. This ship is astern of OTC and guide in USS OZARK. Standard speed is 11 knots, took departure on course 072T on the following true bearings: right tangent ASOR Island 025, right tangent FALOLAP Island 045.5, center PAU Island 199.



6 February 1945:

(a) Steaming as before enroute ULITHI to GUAM on base course 058T standard speed 11 knots. At 1400 having obtained permission from OTC, commenced anti-aircraft firing practice at 5"38 cal., bursts. Completed firing practice at 1430, ammunition expended 12 rounds 5"38, two of which were duds, 299 rounds of 40MM and 1,345 rounds of 20MM.



7 February 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Radar reported land bearing 055T distance 21.5 miles at 0430. At 0638 stood into APRA Harbor Guam and moored to buoys fore and aft at 1045 in Berth 19 with the following lines in use: fwd. 2 parts 8" manila 1 part 1" wire, aft. 2 parts 8" manila 1 part 1" wire. Ballasted down to mean draft 24'6" at 1120 and docked 18 LCM loaded with 9,000 rounds of 5"38 cal. ammunition in accordance with orders of ComPhibsPac dispatch 110620 and 270310 of January 1945. Accompanying the 18 LCM the following named Officers reported aboard pursuant to orders of AdMomPhibBase. Subordinate Command Marianas of 7 February 2945, Ensigns R.K. RAINEY, D(L) #375215 USNR, S.G. SMOLEN D(L) #391331 USNR, J.C. WAHL, D(L) #370215 USNR. Crews consisting of 72 men also reported aboard pursuant to AdComPhibsForPacFlt. Pers. Order P-220-45 of 6 January 1945. Unballasted to mean draft of 17'6" at 1415. Underway at 1737 in accordance with orders of Port Director Guam mailgram of 7 February 1945. Stood out of APRA Harbor at 1752 to join the USS BELLE GROVE. Took station 600 yards astern the USS BELLE GROVE, OTC and guide. Took departure at 1812 on the following true bearings: Point RITIDIAM 057T, Point FACPI 159T.5, left tangent OROTE Point 137; base course 022T standard speed 10 knots. At 2055 flares and anti-aircraft fire were sighted over ROTA Island bearing 072T, distance 25 miles.



8 February 1945:

(a) Steaming as before enroute Guam to Siapan on course 045T, standard speed 10 knots. At 0340 radar reported AGUIGAN Island bearing 060T distance 23 miles. Radar reported TINIAN Island bearing 068T, distance 25 miles at 0405, and at 0520 sighted lights on Saipan Island bearing 055T approximately 27 miles. Stood in Saipan Harbor at 0847 and anchored in Berth L-27 with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor at 0900. Veered the starboard anchor chain to 75 fathoms at 0915.



9 February 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. At 1200 Lt. OLIVARIJ, L.(n)., S(e1) #122889 USNR reported aboard in accordance with orders of GROPAC 11 Service Force Pacific Fleet P16-4/00 on 5 January 1945, in charge of an eleven man small boat repair unit. Underway at 1304 to go alongside USS QUIROS. Underway at 1620 from the USS QUIROS after receiving 51,000 gallons of fuel oil. Anchor- ed at 1639 in Berth L-30 Saipan Harbor with 30 fathoms of chain to the star- board anchor. Veered starboard anchor chain to 75 fathoms at 1643.



10-11 February 1945:

(A) Anchored as before. Received miscellaneous spare parts of Pontoon Ship Repair Crew R-1, 70th Naval Construction Battalion at 1745 on 10 February. On 11 February hoisted aboard 8 tons of GSK, canteen and small stores supplies from NSD Saipan plus 17,150 rounds of .30 cal. carbine and 3,000 rounds of .45 cal., ball ammunition from Naval Ammunition Depot Saipan. At 0935 pursuant to orders of 36th Naval Construction Regiment, Carpenter R.H. Anderson, C.E.C. #350607 USNR. reported aboard for temporary duty in charge of a thirteen man repair unit from the 70th NCB. Pontoon Detachment.



12 February 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 1257 in accordance with permission of Port Director Saipan shifting berth to calmer water for the purpose of transferring propulsion units from LST #1033. The LST #1033 not having hove into sight and time not permitting the transfer of propulsion units, turned at #1 buoy Tanapag Harbor channel at 1340 and proceeded toward former anchorage. Anchored in Berth L-30 Saipan Harbor with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor at 1355. Veered the starboard anchor chain to 60 fathoms at 1414. Underway at 1556 in accordance with ComPhibPac Training Order A 33-44 of 31 December 1944. Stood out of harbor at 1620 and commenced maneuvering to sortie with TG 51.11. Formed cruising disposition at 1745 with this vessel in station as sixth and last in right hand column. OTC in USS ELDORADO, guide in USS BAYFIELD. Took departure at 1804 on the following true bearings: MARPI Point 076, MT. TAPOTCHOU 108, AGINGAN Point 139, on course 280T standard speed 12 knots.



13 February 1945:

(a) Steaming as before on retirement and approach route from Saipan to Tinian on base course 140T, standard speed 12 knots. Sighted Tinian at 0555 bearing 086T. Stopped engines at 0636 lying to in Transport Area off Tinian. Commenced maneuvering closer to the beach at 1100 under orders of ComTransRon 15. Arrived in Transport Area S-2 at 1145, and got underway at 1555 pursuant to orders of ComTransRon 15 to form cruising disposition on course and axis 030T. Completed forming cruising disposition at 1600 this ship last in right column. AT 1657 this ship left formation to proceed to assigned anchorage off Saipan. Anchored at 1758 with 60 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor in Berth M-21 Saipan. Veered starboard anchor chain to 120 fathoms at 1804.



14-15 February 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway on 14 February at 0921 shifting berth. Anchored at 0951 in Berth M-22 with 120 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor. Sounded general quarters in anticipation of enemy air attack made smoke, no action developed. Underway on 15 February at 0705 in accordance with verbal instructions of Port Director Saipan, maneuvering to enter Saipan Harbor. At 0801 an LCM came alongside this vessel and delivered two propulsion units aboard from the LST 931, and at 0824 a second LCM delivered 7 tons of spare parts from the 70th NCB. Pontoon Detachment. The arrival of this equipment changed the ship's plans to enter the harbor, thus at 1126 this vessel Reanchored in Berth M-22 with 105 fathoms of chain to the star board anchor. Made smoke at 1403 for purposes of drill in accordance with orders of CTF 51. Underway at 1516 shifting anchorage in accordance with orders of ComTransRon 15. Anchored in Berth L-27 with 53 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor at 1556.



16 February 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 1020 in obedience to orders of Port Director Saipan to leave inner anchorage. Passed #1 buoy abeam to starboard at 1037 and anchored in Berth M-22 with 45 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor at 1100. Veered starboard anchor chain to 75 fathoms at 1104, and hoisted aboard 5 tons of engineering spare parts at 1240. Underway at 1447 in obedience to ComPhibsPac Sortie Order A 37-44 of 14 February and ComTransRon 15 Mailgram 150451 of February 1945, maneuvering to sortie with TG 51.11. Formed cruising disposition at 1605 OTC in USS ELDORADO guide in USS BAY-FIELD. This ship is last in right had column distance 600 yards, interval 1000 yards.



17-18 February 1945:

(a) Steaming in company with TG 51.11 on base course 290T, standard speed 13.5 knots enroute Saipan to Iwo Jima. Manned radar and assumed duty "D" at 1200 on 17 February. Secured radar at 1200 on 18 February assigned period of radar guard having expired.



19 February 1945:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 006T standard speed 14 knots. Sighted gun flashes on horizon at 0206 bearing 310T. At 0502 Task Group 51.11 was reorganized. The USS BAYFIELD assumed tactical command of this formation. This vessel now in TG 53.2 under Commodore FLANAGAN USN. Radar reported MAGNUM Iwo Jima bearing 225T, distance 24 miles at 0507, and star shells were visible over Iwo Jima bearing 302. At 0637 this formation stopped in the Transport Area off Iwo Jima. This vessel maneuvered to it's assigned launching area 2 miles to the north of Transport Area Baker. Ballasted down to mean draft of 20' at 0640. Arrived in assigned area at 0657 laying to and commenced ballasting deeper. Launched all (18) LCM(#3)'s at 0740 and dispatched them 0758 in company of three boat officers under the supervision of Lt(jg), CLARK to rendezvous in Area Queen to form ammunition boat pool. Unballasted at 0840 to mean draft 19'6". Ballasted down to mean draft 24' at 1750 and docked 11 LCM(3)'s partly loaded with 5"38 ammunition at 1806. Underway on night retirement from Iwo Jima at 1821, and unballasted to mean draft of 17' at 1825.



20 February 1945:

(a) Arrived in Transport Area off Iwo Jima at 0638 and proceeded to Area Queen to launch LCM(3)'s. At 0752 a TBM made a forced landing and was ob- served to sink 2,000 yards off the starboard bow of this vessel. A boat was immediately dispatched to the scene and returned with the following crew members of the sunken TBM 1-C of CVE 81. Lt. L.A. TURNER USNR, Capt. J.C. COOK USMC, OTTO, R.P., ARM, AND GIANNOTTI, V.R., AOM2c. All crew members were examined by the Medical Officer and found uninjured. Ballasted down at 0845 to mean draft 24' and launched all LCM's, dispatched them to form an ammunition boat pool in Area Queen in company of three boat officers under the supervision of Lt(jg) CLARK. Underway at 0925 maneuvering to Area Mike to undertake repair of landing craft in accordance with orders of CTG 53.2. Un- ballasted at 0934 to mean draft of 19'6" and arrived in Area Mike at 1021. Ballasted down to mean draft of 24' at 1610 and docked 15 LCM's.

Unballasted to mean draft 19'6" at 1719. At 1907 prepared to repel enemy air attack; no action developed. Commenced maneuvering at 2015 to Area Nan in accordance with orders of CTG53.2, and arrived at 2145 maneuvering to maintain position.



21 February 1945:

(a) Maneuvering as before, repair of landing craft in progress. Proceeded to Area Mike at 0645 in obedience to orders of CTG 53.2. Commenced ballasting down at 0655 and launched all LCM's at 0737. These boats were dispatched to Area Queen at 0815 in charge of Lt(jg) CLARK. Unballasted at 0956 to mean draft of 19'4". At 1337 the LCM LSD-1-15 was observed in a sinking condition. A boat was immediately dispatched to render assistance. The sinking LCM was observed to settle at 1406 with only the bow out of the water. All attempts to salvage proved unsuccessful. The crew was safely re- moved. At 1600 the crew of the down TBM was transferred to the AV#15 in accordance with orders of CTF 51. Prepared to repel enemy air attack on two different occasions during the evening with no action developing. At 2200 proceeded to Area Nan for the night in accordance with orders of CTG 53.2.



22 February 1945:

(a) Maneuvering as before. Repair of landing craft in progress. Pre- pared to repel enemy air attack at 0319; no action developed. Ballasted down to mean draft 23'6" at 1035 and undocked repaired landing craft. At 1115 8 LCM's were docked for repairs, and at 1208 unballasted to mean draft of 19'-6". Prepared to repair enemy air attack at 1506, no action developed. Retired to Area Mike for the night at 2045 of USS BELLE GROVE, and commenced maneuvering to maintain station.



23 February 1945:

(a) Maneuvering as before, repair of landing craft in progress. Dispatched 8 LCM's to CTU 52.7.1 at 0840 in accordance with orders of CTF 51., and proceeded to calmer waters at 0900 approximately 1 mile off the beach. Undocked repaired LCM's during the remainder of the day and received two pontoon barges for repairs.

Anchored at 1912 with 120 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor on the following true bearings: SURIBACHI PT. 264, right tangent of IWO JIMA 036. Prepared to repel enemy air attack on two different occasions during the late afternoon and early evening, no action developed.



24-25 February 1945:

(a) Anchored as before repairs of landing craft in progress. During both of these days LCM's were dispatched, in the morning, to CTU 52.7.1. At 1820 on 24 February, in addition to LCM's two pontoon barges were received for repairs. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 2203 with no action developing. In the morning of 25 February two pontoon barges were launched all repairs completed, and at 1900 another pontoon barge plus LCM's were docked for repairs.



26-27 February 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Repair of landing craft in progress. In the morning of both days LCM's were dispatched to CTU 52.7.1. At 1446 on 26 February repaired landing craft and a pontoon barge were launched. During the afternoon the LCT 1154 and 8 LCM's were docked for repairs. On this day two LCM(3)'s were lost. LCM #11 of this vessel was beached on Blue Beach #1 during the evening when the crew noticed the engine compartment to be 2/3 filled with water. The boat made the beach and quickly broached. The crew reported to the Beachmaster and were safely returned to this vessel. LCM #10 was working for the USS VICKSBURG when its ramp cable parted, the ramp dropped in a position perpendicular to the bow permitting water to enter the well deck. The boat cleared the USS VICKSBURG by backing on its engines until they became useless. On the different occasions the LCI's 739 and 435 attempted to tow LCM #10; line parted in both cases, towing proved unsuccessful. In the early morning of 27 February LCM #10 was found by Ens. WAHL on this vessel drifting from 12-15 miles at sea. Due to surf conditions it was impossible to retrieve the LCM. The crew was safely returned to this ship by Ens. WAHL. All further attempts at salvage proved unsuccessful.



28 February 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. During the morning LCM's were dispatched to CTU 52.7.1 At 0956 a nine man repair unit of GROPAC 11 reported aboard this vessel under the supervision of Lt(jg)UNGAST #215741 USNR. During the remainder of the day the LCT 1154 was launched with all repairs completed, and the crew of LCM #10, (mentioned in entry of 26-27 February) returned to vessel with Ens. WAHL. Receiving and repair of landing craft continued.



W.A. CAUGHEY



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF MARCH 1945



1 March 1945:

(b) Anchored at IWO JIMA, Volcano Islands with 120 fathoms of chain to the starboard anchor on the following true bearings: Suribachi Yama 264, right tangent IWO JIMA 036. Repair of landing craft in progress. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0238; no action developed. At 1855 pursuant to orders of CTF 51 secret dispatch two officers and 32 men of GROPAC 11 report-ed aboard for temporary duty. Veered the starboard anchor chain to 135 fathoms at 2235.



2 March 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Repair of landing craft in progress. At 0540 LCM LSD-1-9 was observed sinking with 300 rounds of 5"38 cal. ammunition. The LCM was brought under the port crane where it capsized, dumping the load, and drifted away bow up. Attempted salvage proved unsuccessful. At 0647 pursuant to CTF 51 secret dispatch eleven men of GROPAC 11 reported aboard for temporary duty. At 1340 LCM's #3 and #4 from the APA-18 and at 1546 LCM #3 from AKA 12 were transferred to this vessel in compliance with CTF 51 dispatch 010504 of March 1945. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 2122; no action developed.



3 March 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Repair of landing craft in progress. At 1832 pursuant to CTF 51 dispatch 030513 of March 1945 Carpenter P.R. Anderson CEC, USNR and 13 men of Ship Repair Unit R-1, 70th. Naval Construction Battalion Pontoon Detachment were transferred to the LST 676.



4-10 March 1945:

(a) Anchored as before, repair of landing craft in progress. Every morning during this period LCM's were dispatched to form an ammunition boat pool, under the supervision of CTU 52.7.2 Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 0228 on 7 March and 0410 on 9 March, no action developed in either case. At 1000 on 9 March pursuant to ComPhibGrp 2 Op. Order A205-45 this vessel was assigned to Task Group 51.23 (Rear Admiral HILL, USN., in USS AUBURN).



17-19 March 1945:

(a) Anchored as before, repair of landing craft in progress. Underway at 1042 on 18 March shifting anchorage to clear net laying operation. Anchored at 1107 with 120 fathoms of chain to the port anchor. At 0830 on 19 March received 8 LCM's from the USS BELLE GROVE, and at 1315 transferred 6 LCM's to the Boat Pool IWO JIMA.



20-21 March 1944:

(a) Anchored as before, repair of landing craft in progress. During the evening on both these days LCM's, in compliance with orders of CTG 51.21, were dispatched to the Western Anchorage IWO JIMA for smoke boat duty. In the early morning on 20 March it was reported that LCM KA9-4, of this vessel, sank at the boat anchorage IWO JIMA and LCM, LSD-1-13 broached on Yellow Beach. In both cases the crews were safely removed. These losses were attributed to rough seas in the vicinity of the anchorage. At 1707 this command assumed duties of SOPA Eastern Anchorage, IWO JIMA.



22-25 March 1944:

(a) Anchored as before, repair of landing craft in progress. It was reported in the early morning of 22 March that LCM LSD-1-5 sank while at small boat anchorage. At 0220 pursuant to orders of CTG 51.21 the Commanding Officer of this vessel left the ship to supervise salvage operations of LST 727 broached on Yellow Beach. Surf conditions rendering salvage of LST impossible at this time the Commanding Officer returned aboard at 1130. Underway on 23 March at 1134 to Western Anchorage, IWO JIMA in compliance with CTG 51.21 dispatch 220628 of March 1945. This command was relieved of SOPA duties by USS AUBURN. Anchored at 1332 in Berth 29 Western Anchorage with 60 fathoms of chain to the port anchor, and at 1405 veered the port anchor chain to 90 fathoms. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 2016 on 29 March; no action developed.



26 March 1945:

(a) Anchored as before, repair of landing craft in progress. At 1415 in compliance with CTG 51.21 dispatch 251242 of March 1945 transferred 4 LCM's to IWO JIMA Boat Pool, GROPAC 11 in LST 676. During the remainder of the afternoon 1 Officer and 23 men were transferred to the USS THUBAN for transportation to SAIPAN and FFT to Guam Boat Pool pursuant of orders of CTG 51.21 dispatch 251456 of March 1945.

Pursuant to orders of CTG 51.21 dispatch 260502 of March 1945 1 Officer and 36 men were transferred to the U.S.S. HEALY for transportation to SAIPAN and FFT to Guam Boat Pool. Four LCM's were transferred to the USS THUBAN in accordance with orders of CTG 51.21 Dispatch 251246 of March 1945. This vessel is now a member of CTU 51.29.6 (Commodore GRAF, USN, in USS ZEILIN).



27-31 March 1945:

(a) Anchored as before, repair of landing craft in progress. On the afternoon of 27 March embarked 5 Officers and 11 men of Headquarters and Service Company, 2 Officers and 20 men of Co. A, 2 Officers and 30 men of Co. B., and 2 Officers and 29 men of Co. C, plus 38 medium tanks all of the 5th. Tank Battalion, Division Service Troops, 5th Marine Division; 8 Officers and 23 men plus 12 LVT's of the 11th Amphibious Tractor Battalion, 5th. Marine Divison and 2 Officers and 7 men of the U.S. Navy were also embarked for transportation to the rear area. Two remaining LCM's were transferred in accordance with CTG 51.21 dispatch 270021 of March 1945 to Boat Pool IWO JIMA in LST 676. Underway at 1754 in accordance with Movement Order A4-45 of CTU 51.29.6. Took departure from IWO JIMA enroute to ENIWETOK. Ships on station at 1859, this vessel is third in outside left column, OTC and guide in USS ZELILIN. Prepared to repel enemy air attack at 2116, no action developed.

W.A. CAUGHEY





ACTION REPORT IWO JIMA



S-E-C-R-E-T 26 February 1945



From: The Commanding Officer

To: The Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet

Subject: Action Report of assault against IWO JIMA, Volcano Island



Part I Brief Summary.



(a) This vessel participated in the capture of IWO JIMA as a member of task force 51 (Vice Admiral TURNER, USN. Commander Task Group 51.11 in the U.S.S. Eldorado), Task Force 53 (Rear Admiral HILL, USN in the U.S.S. AUBURN), Task Group 53.2 (Commodore FLANAGAN, USN. Commander Transport Group Baker in the U.S.S. BAYFIELD), and Task Unit 53.2.3 (Captain SABALOT, USN. Commander Transport Division 45 in the U.S.S. LOGAN), from 19 February to 26 March 1945. The essential features of the actions insofar as this vessel was concerned was the launching of 18 LCM(3)'s loaded with 9,000 rounds of 5"38 cal. ammunition and dispatching them to the ammunition boat pool as described in CTF 51 Operation Orders A25-44. This vessel also acted as a repair ship at the objective.

With the exception of intermittent air attacks this vessel was not attacked nor did she participate in the shore bombardment. Zone time minus 10 East Longitude date in effect.





Part II Preliminaries.



(a) On 5 February 1945 this vessel departed Ulithi Atoll enroute to Guam in accordance with orders of ComTransRon 11 Mailgram 031133 of February 1945. Upon arrival at Guam on 7 February 1945 this vessel received and docked 18 LCM(3)'s loaded with 9,000 rounds of 5"38 cal. ammunition in compliance with ComPhibsPas dispatches 110620 and 270310 of January 1945. Crews for the 18 LCM(3)'s consisting of 72 men reported aboard for duty in accordance with AdComPhibsForPacFlt. Pers Order A-220-45 of 6 January 1945. The following named officers also reported aboard for temporary duty as boat officers in accordance with orders of AdComPhibsPac Subordinate Command Marianas dated 7 February 1945: Ens. R.K. Rainey D(L) USNR, #375014, Ens. S.G. SKOLEN D(L) USNR, #391331, Ens. J.C. WAHL (D(L), USNR, 370215. This ship departed Guam in company with the U.S.S. BELLE GROVE at 1737 on 7 February enroute to Saipan and arrived on the morning of 8 February 1945. While at Saipan this vessel "topped off" her fuel requirements, received a small boat repair unit consisting of eleven men in charge of Lt. L. Olivari S(E1) USNR, #122889 pursuant to orders of GroPac 11 Service Force, PasFlt. P-16-4/00 of 5 January 1945, a Pontoon Barge Repair Unit from the 70th Naval Construction Battalion consisting of thirteen men in charge of Carpenter R.H. ANDERSON, C?C, USNR, #350607 and two propulsion units plus spare parts in accordance with orders of 36th Naval Construction Regiment. During 12-13 February this vessel participated in training exercises as a member of Task Group 51.11 (Vice Admiral TURNER, USN, off the western coast of Tinian Island in compliance with AdComPhibsPac Training order A33-44 of 31 December 1944.

(b) The mission of this vessel was the transportation, launching and dispatching 18 LCM(3)'s loaded with 9,000 rounds of 5"38 cal. ammunition to Area Queen for the formation of an ammunition boat pool as defined in CTF 51 OpPlan A25-44. It was further the mission of this vessel to act as land and small craft and pontoon barge repair ship at the objective.

(c) Our own forces consisted of the task organization as listed in FTF 51 Op. Plan A25-44. This force approached the southwestern shore of IWO JIMA on course and axis 325 T. Upon arrival in the Transport Area Baker, the ASHLAND turned 2 miles to the northward to assigned area to launch LCM(3)'s.

(d) No enemy forces were sighted by this vessel.



1. This vessel took no part in the action until 19 February 1945.



Weather: Wind was from the NE with a velocity of 20 knots in the early morning reducing in velocity from 10 to 12 knots during the landing and remaining so for the rest of the day. Visibility was good. Sea was slight with a short low swell.



0600 Commenced ballasting down, mean draft 16'6".

1037 Arrived in Transport Area Baker, and maneuvered to assigned launching area 2 miles to north of Transport Area Baker.

0657 Arrived in assigned launching area. Commenced maneuvering to maintain position.

0707 Observed sunrise.

0717 First LSM(3)'s launched.

0740 All LCM(3)'s launched. Commenced unballasting, mean draft 24'6".

0758 Dispatched ship's boat #1 with Lt(jg) CLARK to rendezvous LCM(3)'s with 3 boat officers in Area Queen to form ammunition boat pool.

0840 Ceased unballasting, mean draft 24'.

1750 Ballasted down, mean draft 24'.

1755 Commenced decking LCM(3)'s.

1808 Completed decking 18 LCM(3)'s partly loaded with 5"38 cal. ammunition.

1821 Underway for night retirement from IWO JIMA.

1825 Unballasted to mean draft 17'.

1831 Observed sunset.



20 February 1945



Weather: Wind during the day varied from the E swinging to the S the W and N with a velocity of from 12 to 20 knots. Visibility was moderate. The sea was slight with a short moderate swell.



0528 Sighted IWO JIMA bearing 315T.

0638 Arrived in Transport Area.

0656 Proceeded to Area Queen to launch LCM(3)'s.

0707 Observed sunset.

0717 Commenced ballasting down, mean draft 17'.

0752 TBM 1-C made forced landing and sank 2000 yards off our starboard bow.

0811 Boat dispatched to rescue survivors from TBM 1-C returned with the following officers and men: Lt. I.A. Turner, Capt. J.C. Cook USNR, R. Otto ???? ????, V.R. Giannotti from TBM 1-C #87 of CVE 81. All men examined by Medical Officer and found uninjured.

0835 Commenced launched LCM(3)'s.

0845 Ceased ballasting down, mean draft 24'. All LCM(3)'s launched and dispatched to Area Queen in company of 3 boat officers under supervision of LT(jg) CLARK to form ammunition boat pool.

0925 Underway proceeding to Area Mike to undertake repair of landing craft in accordance with orders of TFG 53.2.

0??? Unballasted, mean draft 19'6".

1??? Arrived in Area Mike. Commenced maneuvering to maintain position.

1??? Manned all guns in anticipation of air attack in accordance with order of TFG 51.

1610 Ballasted down. Mean draft 24' and commenced docking LSM's

1647 Decked 15 LCM's in well.

1719 Unballasted, mean draft 19"6'.

1832 Observed sunset.

1907 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

2015 Proceeding to Area Nan for the night.

2144 Arrived in area. Maneuvering to maintain position.

Date unknown. Published while LCDR W.A. Caughey was Commanding Officer:



21 February 1945



Weather: Wind was from the N then shifted to the E with a velocity varying from 14 to 24 knots. Visibility was good. The sea was moderate with a long low swell.

Repair of landing craft in progress.

0645 Maneuvering to Area Mike in accordance with orders of CTC 53.2.

0655 Commenced ballasting down, mean draft 19'6".

0706 Observed sunrise.

0728 Commenced launching LCM's.

0737 All LCM's launched.

0815 Dispatched LCM's to Area Queen with 3 boat officers supervision of Lt(jg) CLARK to form ammunition boat pool.

0956 Unballasted to mean draft 19'4".

1337 LCM LSD1-15 observed in a sinking condition 1,500 yards off port bow, dispatched boat to rescue.

1406 Observed LCM settle with only bow out of water, entire crew removed to safety.

1515 Left station and went alongside sinking LCM to attempt salvage. Proved unsuccessful.

1600 Dispatched LCM LSD1-18 with crew of downed TBM to AV #15 in accordance with order of CTF 51.

1715 Manned all guns in accordance with orders of CTF 15.

1720 Commenced ballasting down, mean draft 19'6".

1728 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, made smoke, no action developed.

1800 Ballasted down to mean draft of 22'6", attempted to dock LCM's. Unable to control pontoon barge and LCM's in well deck. Forced to commence unballasting.

1832 Observed sunset.

1839 Maneuvered to Area Nan for the night in accordance with orders of CTG 53.2.

2000 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

2200 Arrived in Area Nan, maneuvering to maintain position.



22 February 1945



Weather: Wind from the N varying from 30 to 40 knots in the morning and moderating in the afternoon. Visibility was moderate. Sea was moderate with a short swell.



Repair of landing craft in progress.

0400 Underway, maneuvering to area prescribed by CTF 51 in his dispatch 220615.

0704 Observed sunrise.

0730 Arrived on station.

0840 Dispatched 8 LCM's to CTU 52.7.1 as ordered by CTF 51.

0900 Maneuvered to calmer water approximately one mile off shore.

1011 Ballasted own to mean draft 23'6" and launched repaired landing craft.

1140 Docked landing craft for repairs and unballasted to mean draft 20'.

1500 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.

1808 Underway to anchor in calmer water closer to the beach.

1833 Observed sunset.

1912 Anchored with 120 fathom of chain to the starboard anchor on the following true bearings: SURIBACHI POINT 264, right tangent IWO JIMA 036

1922 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, made smoke, no action taken by this vessel. However considerable anti-aircraft fire was observed all around the ship.



24 February 1945



Weather: Wind from the NE with a velocity of from 10-16 knots. Visibility was good, the sea was slight with a short low swell.



Repair of landing craft in progress.

0658 Ballasted down, mean draft 23'6".

0702 Undocked repaired landing craft.

0703 Observed sunrise.

0707 Dispatched LCM's in charge of Lt(jg) CLARK to CTU 52.7.1.

0925 Docked landing craft for repairs.

1025 Unballasted, mean draft 19'6".

1753 Ballasted down, mean draft 23'6".

1805 Undocked repaired landing craft.

1834 Observed sunset.

1840 Docked landing craft for repairs.

1945 Unballasted, mean draft 19'6".

2203 Prepared to repel enemy air attack, no action developed.



Part III Chronological Order of Events.



From 25 February until 27 March this vessel loaded tanks and personnel of the 5th Battalion, 5th Marine Division. The repairs of landing craft continued on a 24 hour basis. This vessel also continued to provide LCM's under the supervision of Lt(jg) CLARK and Lt(jg) COLEMAN to the ammunition boat pool until 12 March at which time they were no longer required. On 3 March 1945 the Ship Repair Unit R-1 of the 70th Naval Construction Battalion was transferred to the LST 676. This vessel became member of TG 51.23 (Rear Admiral HILL, USN, In U.S.S. Auburn), on 9 March. On 13 March two officers and 43 men of GROPAC 11 and 9 LCM's were transferred to Boat Pool IWO JIMA, and on 15 March two officers and 20 men on E-8 Component No. 101 of GROPAC 11 were transferred to the Commanding Officer of L??? #44 to carry out their basic orders. On 19 March, prior to her departing the area, the U.S.S. BELLE GROVE transferred 8 LCM's to this vessel for duty.

During the afternoon of the same day this vessel transferred 6 LCM's to the Boat Pool IWO JIMA. On 20 March this command assumed duties of SOPA Eastern Anchorage pursuant to orders of CTG 51.21. On 22 March the Commanding Officer this vessel pursuant to orders of CTG 51.21 left the ship to assume supervision of salvage operations of LST 727 broached on Yellow Beach. Due to heavy surf conditions continued salvage operations were impossible at this time, and the Commanding Officer of this vessel returned aboard during the late morning. On 23 March when this vessel proceeded to calmer waters on the Western Anchorage this command was relieved of duties as SOPA by the U.S.S. AUBURN. Anchored on 23 March with 90 fathoms of chain to the port anchor in Berth 29 Western Anchorage IWO JIMA.



Part IV Ordinance

This vessel had no opportunity to open fire.



Part V Damage.



(A) This vessel suffered no battle damage with the exception of a small caliber projectile explosion on the 5" gun deck, port side. The explosion inflicted a dent over a 6" area of deck and was evidently a result of heavy anti-aircraft fire on the night of 23 February. The extent of damage did not warrant repairs.

(b) Landing craft attached to this vessel suffered no damage from enemy action. However, during the course of the operation LCM's 15, 11, 10 and 9 were lost under the following circumstances.

LCM #15, on 21 February, was observed sinking approximately 1,500 yards off the port bow of this vessel. The LCM was loading 5" ammunition from the LST 499 when the stern compartments were punctured as the boat was pushed by the surf against the pontoon brackets on the LST. At the time of sinking LCM#15 was loaded with 210 rounds of 5"38 projectiles. All attempts at salvage were unsuccessful; the crew was safely removed and returned to this ship.

During the evening of 26 February the crew of LCM #11 noticed their engine room to be two-thirds (2/3) filled with water. Fearing the boat would not make the ship the Coxswain headed for the beach. Enroute to the beach one engine failed and the other barely made it. The boat was satisfactorily landed on Blue Beach #1 but quickly broached, and became flooded by the surf. It is believed the boat must have had a slow leak. The crew reported to the Beachmaster and were safely returned to this vessel.

While working alongside the U.S.S. VICKSBURG the ramp cable of LCM #10 parted, permitting the ramp to drop and hang in a position perpendicular to the bow of the boat. The LCM cleared the VICKSBURG by backing on the engines until they became useless. The LCM was taken in two on two different occasions by the LCI's 739 and 435. In both cases towing lines parted and towing was unsuccessful. During the evening of 27 February Ens. WAHL was sent in an attempt to retrieve LCM #10 and he picked it up on 28 February at approximately 0300 ????ting from 12-15 miles at sea. Due to surf conditions it was impossible to make headway in towing. When all towing lines parted Ens. WAHL returned with the crew of LCM #10 to this vessel.

During the evening of 1 March 1945 LCM #9, loaded with 300 rounds of 5"38 ammunition was secured astern of this vessel awaiting repairs to the port engine which was inoperative due to a badly bent port shaft and loose packing glands. When a second LCM tied up alongside LCM #9 the line securing them to this vessel parted and both LCM's commenced drifting. Upon freeing herself from the LCM secured to her, the crew of LCM #9 attempted to start the starboard engine which failed. After drifting close to the beach an attempt was made to start the port engine: this action broke the port shaft and packing gland permitting water to enter the engine compartment. Bilge pumps were useless as they operate from the starboard engine. Air in the stern compartment of LCM #9 kept her afloat until she was towed under the port crane of this vessel where she capsized, dumping her load and drifted away bow up.

All of the above boats were replaced by LCM's 3 and 4 of APA-18, #3 of AKA-12 and #2 of P172.

During the later period of March LCM's KA9-4 and LSD1-5, both of this ship sank while in the vicinity of Boat Pool Anchorage. LSD1-13 broached on Yellow Beach during this period. The crews all boats were safely returned to the ship. Sue to heavy seas it was impossible for he cres to keep those boats afloat.



Part VI Special Comments.



(a) Communication facilities appeared to be adequate. There were no failures.

(b) During the early stages of the operation while underway in the area off IWO JIMA, the absence of a lee hindered the repair of landing craft, by making it almost impossible to ballast down and receive or hoist damage landing craft aboard. This situation was alleviated upon anchoring on 23 February.

(c) The repair facilities of this vessel were heavily burdened having repaired 242 LCM's, 27 LCT's, 7 pontoon barges, 2 LCVP, 1 Kukw and 11 LSM's. As a result of heavy seas and the constant banging of LCM's against ships, holes and cracks in the hull necessitated constant repair. It is believed that much of this damage could be reduced by a greater use of fenders, and an addition of bulkheads in the engine room and stern compartments in such a manner as to make a 3' to 4" wing and stern tanks. This would effectively protect the boats, and a puncture of one or more of such tanks would not reduce the operating ability of the boat. Fouled screws and damaged propeller shafts also demanded a noticeable amount of repairs. The cause of such damage was floating debris resulting from fenders improperly secured on boats and ships, lost cargo nets, trash thrown over the sides of ships, and a failure to keep boats owns lines out of screws.

Repair to LCT's centered about underwater hull repair. During this period aboard for hull repair, such other work on engines, generators, etc. as time taken for fill work permitted was done. A greater use of fenders while unloading alongside ships would reduce much of the damage inflicted on LCT's.

Similar to LCM's, holes were an outstanding cause of repairs to pontoon barges.

Replacement of propellers was the main cause of repairs to LSM's. In some instances patching was done.

An itemized account of all repair and salvage work accomplished by this vessel is being prepared and shall be distributed to all interested parties.



Part VII Personnel Performance and Casualties.



(a) The part played by personnel of this ship and especially the boat crews, was skillfully demonstrated and commended most highly by the Commanding Officer.

(b) No casualties were received from the beach. However, minor injuries and cases of exhaustion and exposure as a result of inclement weather and conditions of prolonged physical exertion, were treated by the Medical Department of this vessel.



W.A. Caughey



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL 1945



1 April 1945: -11 Time Zone

(a) The U.S.S. ASHLAND (LSD-1) is assigned to CTG 51.23 (Rear Admiral HILL, USN, in U.S.S. AUBURN), and CTU 51.29.6 (Commodore GRAFF, USN in U.S.S. ZEILIN).

(b) Steaming in company with CTU 51.29.6 enroute IWO JIMA to ENIWETOK on base course 121T, standard speed 12 knots. OTC and guide in U.S.S. ZEILIN. This ship is second in left hand column. Standard distance 600 yards, interval 1,000 yards.



2 April 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Sighted ENIWETOK ATOLL at 1115 bearing 179T, distance 15 miles. Commenced maneuvering independently on orders of OTC to enter ENIWETOK LAGOON at 1506. Stood in INEWETOK LAGOON at 1517, proceeding to assigned anchorage. Anchored in Berth H-6 with 75 fathoms of chain to the port anchor at 1605 and veered the port anchor chain to 105 fathoms at 1612. Advanced ship's clocks one (1) hour at 1620 to conform with -12 time zone.



3 April 1945: -12 Time Zone

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0715 to go alongside the YO #161 in Berth J-6 to fuel ship. Completed fueling ship at 1503 having received 5,119 bbls. of black oil. Underway at 1515 proceeding to former anchorage and anchored at 1549 in Berth H-6 with 60 fathoms of chain to the port anchor. Veered the port anchor chain to 105 fathoms at 1557. Received fresh, frozen and GSK stores throughout the day from the AK-138 and YF 385.



4 April 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0755 to sortie with TU 51.29.6. Stood out of ENIWETOK LAGOON at 0833 and took departure at 0835, enroute ENIWETOK ATOLL to PEARL HARBOR, T.H. All ships in station at 0850 this ship next to last in left column. OTC and guide in U.S.S. ZEILIN. Participated in scheduled anti-aircraft firing exercises during the morning, expending 2,283 rounds of 20MM and 652 rounds of 40MM ammunition. Formed cruising disposition 1 Tare at 1204 this vessel is now third in left hand column astern the U.S.S. CAPE JOHNSON. Participated in scheduled tactical maneuvering exercises during the afternoon.



5-7 April 1945:

(a) Steaming as before on base course 075T standard speed 12 knots. Participated in scheduled tactical maneuvering exercises during the mornings of 6-7 April.



8-9 April 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Crossed the 180th Meridian at 0758 and entered the Western Hemisphere at latitude 1545'N. Changed destination at 1505 to HAPUNA BAY HAWAII in compliance with AdComPhibsPac dispatch. At 0000 retarded all ship's clocks 24 hours to conform with plus 12 time Zone West Longitude date, time in effect 8 April 1945. Advanced ship's clocks hour at 1000 and 1500 to conform with plus 11 and plus 11 time zone respectively. Changed course and axis to 080T at 2028.



10 April 1945:

(a) Steaming as before reroute ENIWETOK ATOLL to HAPUNA BAY HAWAII. Advanced ship's clocks hour at 1000 to conform with plus 10 time zone. Advanced ships's clocks hour at 1500 to conform with plus 10 time zone. At 1600 this vessel assumed duties of OTC and commenced proceeding independently, with DE 680 as escort, to HAPUNA BAY HAWAII. Set course 080T at 1612 and standard speed 11.5 knots, zigzag plan #21 in use. This vessel is now attached to the Administrative Command Amphibious Forces U.S. Pacific Fleet.



11-12 April 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Executed emergency turns at 1522 on 11 April as a result of sound contact reported by escort vessel. Sound contact proved to be school of fish. At 1925 a small light was sighted in the water bearing 335T distance 1,000 yards. Sent DE 680 to investigate. Search was negative and escort vessel returned to station at 2030. Changed standard speed to 12 knots at 2200 and base course to 084T at 2230. On 12 April at 0000 advanced ship's clocks hour to conform with plus 9 time zone. Sighted white star shell at 1941 bearing 334T and sighted flares over KAHOOLAWE Island bearing 044T distance approximately 37 miles.



13 April 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Radar reported land bearing 105T distance 24 miles at 0336. At 0505 sighted MAKUKONA light bearing 055 and anchored at 0701 off HAPUNA BAY HAWAII with 90 fathoms of chain to the port anchor. At 0750 the DE 680 came alongside to port for fueling. In compliance with AlNav 69 halfmasted the colors at 0945 in observance of the death of the President of the United States.

Ballasted down during the morning and unloaded 12 LVT's, 8 Officers and 23 men of the 11th Amphibious Tractor Battalion, 5th Marine Division. Also unloaded 38 medium tanks, four at a time, on LCT's #1231 and #831 along with 5 Officers and 11 men of Headquarters Service Company, 2 Officers and 39 men of Co. C, all of the 5th Marine Division, Tank Battalion, Division Service Troops, 5th Marine Division. Two Officers and 7 men of the U.S. Navy were also disembarked at this time. Completed fuel- ing DE 680 at 0950 having discharged 20,000 gallons of black oil. Ballasted up to mean draft 17'6" at 1306. At 1630 the DE 680 cast off from along port side. Underway at 1704 in compliance with orders of Port Director #601 of 13 April enroute HAPUNA BAY to PEARL HARBOR, this vessel is OTC with DE 680 escort. At 1709 set base course at 280, standard speed 11 knots, zigzag plan #6.



14 April 1945

(a) Steaming as before. Sighted OAHU Island at 0631 bearing 326 distance 24 miles and changed base course to 320 at 0737. Maneuvering off PEARL HARBOR, T.H. at 0925. At 1012 pilot LtCmdr. JACOBSON came aboard; stood in PEARL HARBOR at 1037. Moored to buoys fore and aft in Berth X-14 with the following lines in use: 2 parts 8" manila and 2 parts 1" wire to forward buoy, 2 parts 8" manila and 1 part 1 wire to after buoy. Received 20,000 gallons of fresh water from the YW 86 during the afternoon.



15 April 1945:

(a) Moored as before. Discharged 2,400 gallons of gasoline to YOG-L-24 at 0115. Underway at 1010, with pilot LtCmdr. JACOBSON aboard, proceeding to Berth B-22 PEARL HARBOR, Navy Yard T.H. in compliance with orders of Captain of the yard. Moored starboard side to the USS BELLE GROVE in berth B-22 at 1048 with the following lines in use: 2 parts 8" manila forward and after bow springs, 1 part 1" bow wire to dock, 2 parts 8" manila stern breast and 1 part 1" stern wire to dock. Commenced re- ceiving water from the dock at 1309, electricity at 1512 and steam at 1530. Yard workmen are aboard for repairs.



16-18 April 1945:

(a) Moored as before. The ship is undergoing repairs by PEARL HARBOR Navy Yard workmen. On 18 April at 0815 LT. C.A. BAILEY (D) USNR was detached from this vessel and Lt. R.H. DREYER was detached and reported aboard to assume duties as Executive Officer pursuant to BuPers. Pers. orders.



19-23 April 1945:

(a) Moored as before. This ship is undergoing repairs by PEARL HARBOR Navy Yard workmen. At 1403 on 21 April the USS BELLE GROVE with this vessel moored alongside moved forward with the aid of yard tugs to Berth Baker 23.



24 April 1945:

(a) Moored as before. This ship is undergoing repairs by PEARL HARBOR Navy Yard. Underway with the aid of yard tugs #119, #290, #307 at 1009 shifting berth to Drydock #2 in compliance with orders of Captain of the Yard. Pilot LtCmdr. JACOBSON aboard. This vessel crossed the sill of Drydock #2 PEARL HARBOR, T.H. at 1028. Resting on the blocks of Drydock #2 at 1210. This vessel is receiving fresh and salt water, electricity, steam and telephone service and high and low pressure air from the dock.



25-29 April 1945:

(a) Resting on blocks in Drydock #2, PEARL HARBOR, T.H., Navy Yard. This ship is undergoing repairs by PEARL HARBOR Navy Yard workmen. On 28 April at 0857 Commander SEAVEY accompanied by an inspection party from AdComPhibsForPac came aboard to conduct a material inspection. At 1050 the inspection party left the ship. Received aboard miscellaneous fresh and frozen provisions and GSK stores from NSD during the remainder of the day.



30 April 1945:

(a) Resting on blocks in Drydock #2 as before. The ship is undergo- ing repairs by PEARL HARBOR Navy Yard workmen. Commenced flooding drydock at 0736. Ship waterborne at 0815. Commenced undocking at 0938 by power of dock capstan. All services from the dock have been disconnected. 1002 Completed undocking and underway, with aid of yard tugs #262, #269, to Berth B-22 PEARL HARBOR, T.H., pilot LtCmdr. J.L. JACOBSON aboard. At 1031 moored starboard side to the USS APPALACHAIN. This vessel is receiving the following services from the dock: Electricity, fresh and salt water, and telephone service.

An ammunition lighter moored alongside to port at 1500. Commenced unloading 5"38 cal. and 40MM ammunition at 1555. Floating crane moored alongside to port at 1715 to facilitate unloading ammunition. Commenced receiving steaming from the dock at 1815.



W.A. CAUGHEY



THE WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF MAY 1945



1 May 1945:

(a) The USS ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the Administrative Command, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Not attached to any unit, undergoing overhaul in Navy Yard PEARL HARBOR.



21 May 1945:

(a) At 1434 pursuant to orders BuPers despatch 101211 of May 1945, Lieut. Comdr. W.A. CAUGHEY, D, USNR, 77239, was relieved of his duties as Commanding Officer of this vessel. At 1435 pursuant to orders Lieut. Comdr. T.E. HATCH, DM, USNR, 62767, assumed the duties of Commanding Officer of this vessel.



31 May 1945:

(a) Repairs by Yard workmen completed. Underway at 1808 in compliance with orders of Captain of the Yard. Moored to buoys at 1913, in Berth X-ray 18, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Commenced loading ammunition at 2050. At 2055 docked 18 LCM's loaded with 18 LCVP's for transportation to SAMAR Boat Pool.



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF JUNE 1945



1 June 1945:

(a) This vessel, the USS ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the Commander Administrative Command Amphibious Forces, U. S. Pacific Fleet.

(b) Moored in Berth X-18, PEARL HARBOR, T.H. Received on board a complete allowance of ammunition. Took on 40,992 gallons of diesel oil from YO #43.



2 June 1945:

(a) Moored as before. Got underway at 0827 and conducted trial run off OAHU Island, T.H. Reentered PEARL HARBOR and moored in Berth DP #3. Ship undergoing degaussing calibration.



3 June 1945:

(a) Moored as before. Underway at 1002 enroute PEARL HARBOR, T.H. to SAIPAN in Task Unit 13.11.26 in company with the USS BELLE GROVE. CTU, OTC and guide in this vessel (USS ASHLAND). Conducted firing practice; ammunition expended: 6,298 rounds of 20MM, 2,621 rounds of 40MM and 26 rounds of 5"/38.



4-7 June 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour at 1500, 4 June; plus 10 time zone. Retarded ship's clocks 1 hour at 1700, 5 June; plus 11 time zone. 7 June, 1500, retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour at 1500; plus 11 time zone.



8-9 June 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. 0547 Crossed 180th meridian; entered Eastern Hemisphere at 16 53'N. Retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour at 0800; plus 12 time. Advanced ship's clocks 24 hours; minus 12 time zone. Conducted fir- ing practice; ammunition expended, 30 rounds 40MM and 180 rounds of 20MM.





10 June 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour at 1000; minus 11 Time Zone.



11 June 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour at 1400; minus 11 time zone. USS BELLE GROVE detached from Task Unit 13.11.26 at 2000 to proceed independently to assigned destination.



12-14 June 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. 13 June, 1400, retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour; minus 10 time zone. 14 June, 1000, retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour; minus 10 time zone.



15 June 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Sounded general quarters and challenged small vessel at 0444, off starboard bow. Vessel identified at 0606 as U.S. Army FS 228. Anchored at 1254 in Berth L-41 SAIPAN, MARIANAS ISLANDS.



16-17 June 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Went alongside USS FLAMBEAU, and fueled ship receiving 243,222 gal. of fuel oil. Reanchored in Berth L-41.



18 June 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0735 enroute SAIPAN MARIANAS ISLANDS to SAMAR, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS in Task Unit 13.11.26 with the USS BELLE GROVE. CTU 13.11.26, OTC and guide in this vessel (USS ASHLAND).



19-20 June 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. 19 June, 1400, retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour; minus time zone 9. Retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour, 1000, 20 June; minus 9 time zone.



21 June 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. At 0702 sighted floating mine, reported by USS MANDERSON VICTORY, bearing 135 at approximately 2,000 yards distance. Sank mine at 0735 with 20MM gun fire at 10N, 130 57'E having expended 68 rounds of 40MM and 240 rounds of 20MM ammunition.



22-30 June 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Anchored at 1515 in Berth 16 GUIUAN ROAD- STEAD SAMAR, P.I. on 22 June. Reported for duty to Commander Service Squadron 10. Delivered 18 LCM's (6) and 18 LCVP's to Officer in Charge, Samar Boat Pool. Got underway on 27 June for SAN PEDRO BAY, and anchored in Berth 61 SAN PEDRO BAY at 1130. Took on board six (6) P.T. Boats Skids. Go underway on 29 June and returned to GUIUAN ROADSTEAD, SAMAR, P.I. Anchored in Berth A-4.



T.E. HATCH



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF JULY 1945



1 July 1945:

(a) The USS ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the Administrative Command Amphibious Forces U.S. Pacific Fleet and operating under the Commander Service Force Squadron 10.

(b) Anchored in GUIUAN ROADSTEAD, GUIUAN HARBOR, SAMAR, P.I. Received on board 143 officers and men of MTBRon 31 also ballasted down and docked 6 motor torpedo boats for transportation to KERAMA RETTO, OKINAWA.



2 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway at 0621 for LAUAAN BAY, SAMAR, P.I. and anchored at 0938 awaiting berth at waterhole. Underway at 1102 unable to water, heading for SAN PEDRO BAY, SAMAR, P.I. Anchored at 1336 SAN PEDRO BAY.



3 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway and anchored in LAUAAN BAY, SAMAR, P.I. to join CTU 30.9.21. This vessel is not assigned to TU 30.9.21. Underway at 1713 as a member of TU 30.9.21 enroute to KERAMA RETTO, OKINAWA.



4-7 July 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Screening vessel USS REEVES lift formation at 1136 on 4 July to investigate sound contact. No action developed. USS REEVES rejoined formation. Stood into KERAMA RETTO, OKINAWA at 0634, 7 July. TU 30.9.21 dissolved. Anchored in KERAMA KAIKYO.



8 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Shifted anchorage to calmer waters, ballast- ed down and unloaded 6 motor torpedo boats with officers and men from MTBRon 31, then changed anchorage to berth K-17. Enemy aircraft in vicinity General Quarters at 2015. Secured from General Quarters at 2050.



9-10 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. On 10 July got underway at 1209 as a member of TU 99.1.48 for LEYTE P.I. This vessel guide.



11-13 July 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Test fired 20MM AA guns expending 120 rounds of ammunition. Screening vessel USS FINNEGAN (CTU 99.1.48) left formation to investigate submarine contact, at 1907. This vessel (USS ASHLAND) designated OTC. TU 99.1.48 dissolved on 13 July. Anchored at 1456 SAN PEDRO BAY, SAMAR, P.I.



14 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway and moored alongside the USS SIGNAL. Received on board 139,020 gallons of fuel oil. YOG 77 came alongside and delivered aboard 7,550 gallons of diesel oil. Got underway and anchored in Berth 78 San Pedro Bay. Loaded 200 MK-7 anti tank mines and 200 MK-1 detonators from SS SPELLMAN VICTORY. Got underway at 1403 and anchored in GUIUAN ROADSTEAD SAMAR P.I. at 1711.



15 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Ballasted down and docked 3 PT boats of MTBRon 31 with 58 officers and men for transportation to OKINAWA.



16 July 1945:

(a) anchored as before. Underway at 0618 and anchored in SAN PEDRO BAY SAMAR P.I. at 1011. Underway at 1520 in company with TU 72.10.2 enroute to OKINAWA.



17-20 July 1945:

(a) Steaming as before.



21 July 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. This vessel detached from TU 10.10.2 at 1024. Anchored at 1056 in HAGUSHI Anchorage, OKINAWA SHIMA.



22-23 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Went to general quarters each day of this period during the early morning. No action developed during either alert. Discharged case cargo into LCT's for transfer to TOGUCHI: (MTBRon Base). Got underway from HAGUSHI Anchorage, escorted by PC 1177 and accompanied by LST's 616 and 654, on 23 July and anchored at 1917 in BUCKNER BAY OKINAWA. Ballasted down and undocked three (3) PT boats with officers and men of MTBRon 31.



24 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway at 1515 for SAN PEDRO BAY, P.I. as CTU 99.1.27 screened by DE 424 (USS HAAS).



25 July 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. During the afternoon screen vessel USS HAAS (DE 424) sank two floating mines and destroyed a heavy object identified as a raft. Debris quite apparent in the water throughout the reminder of the afternoon.



26-27 July 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. On 27 July at 0124 USS HAAS left station to investigate sound contact. No action developed, and the USS HASS resumed station.



28 July 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Anchored at 0810 SAN PEDRO BAY, LEYTE, P.I. Loaded six (6) PT boat cradles into LCT's #680, #690 and #1101 then ballasted down and docked the three (3) aforementioned LCT's.



29 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway and moored alongside the S.S. TAILUTA (AO 50) Received 3240 bbls of fuel oil, and anchored in Bert 23 SAN PEDRO BAY LEYTE, P.I. Provisioned ship.



30 July 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway at 1300 for ENIWETOK.



31 July 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Test fired all guns expending 10 rounds of 5"38, 888 rounds of 40MM and 1,955 rounds of 20MM ammunition.



T.E. HATCH



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF AUGUST 1945



1 August 1945:

(a) The USS ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to Commander Administrative Command, Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Commanded Service Force Squadron 10.

(b) Steaming with LCT's #680, #690 and #1101 aboard in accordance with orders of CincPac Adv. Hq. enroute SAN PEDRO BAY, LEYTE, P.I. to ENIWETOK ATOLL. Advanced ship's clocks 1 hour at 1300 to conform with -10 time zone.



2 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Advanced ship's clocks 1/2 hour at 1300 to conform with -10 time zone.





3 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Test fired #1, 4, 6, and 7 20MM AA batteries, ammunition expended 195 rounds.



4-6 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Advanced ship's clocks 1/2 hour at 1300, July 4, to conform with -11 time zone. Advanced ship's clocks 1/2 hour the next day at 1300 to conform with -11 time zone. Advanced ship's clocks 1/2 hour at 1400, 6 August, to conform with -12 time zone.



7 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. 1012 Anchored in ENIWETOK ATOLL Anchorage "D" Berth 275. Undocked LCT's #680, 690 and 1101. Received 12 tones of GSK and small stores from USS HECUBA.



8-10 August 1945:

(a) Anchored as before.



11 August 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway at 0653 and moored alongside the YO 163, Received on board 4,373 bbls. of fuel oil and got underway at 1216 enroute ENIWETOK ATOLL to ESPIRITU SANTO.

12-13 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before.



14 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. At 0200 Southern Hemisphere entered at 164 44".0 East Longitude. Retarded ship's clocks 1/2 hour at 1700 to conform with -11 time zone.



15 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Assembled crew at quarters at 1050 while the Commanding Officer read AlNav 194 from SecNav 2345 to the effect that war against Japan was concluded victoriously.



16 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before.



17 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Anchored at 0831 in Berth 31 Second Channel, ESPIRITU SANTO, NEW HEBRIDES ISLANDS.



18-19 August 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Ballasted down on 18 August and docked six (6) PT boats with officers and men of MTBRon 32. Got underway at 1208 and moored alongside Pier #3 SECOND CHANNEL. Loaded miscellaneous cargo of MTBRon 32 for transportation to Okinawa under orders of CincPac Adv. Hq.



20 August 1945:

(a) Moored as before. Completed loading miscellaneous equipment of MTBRon 32 to be carried as cargo. Underway at 0606 in obedience to orders of CincPac Advance Hq., enroute ESPIRITU SANTO to OKINAWA.



21-30 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before, enroute ESPIRITU SANTO to OKINAWA. (Clocks retarded on appropriate days and times. JB)



31 August 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. 2300 Ship laboring in heavy confused sea, wind force 96 knots, maneuvering in the right semi-circle of typhoon.



T.E. HATCH





WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER 1945



1 September 1945:

(a) This vessel the USS ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to AdComPhibsForPac operating under orders of CinCPac CinPoa Advance Hdq.

(b) Steaming independently in the right semicircle of a Typhoon, enroute ESPIRITU SANTO to OKINAWA GUNTO. This vessel carrying passenger officers and men, and six(6) PT boats and miscellaneous crated equipment of MTBron 32 as cargo. Shifting of cargo due to rolls of 45 in heavy seas damaged PT boats #474 and #477.



2 September 1945:

(a) Steaming as before, riding out storm, wind and sea decreasing.



3-4 September 1945:

(a) Steaming as before toward OKINAWA.



5 September 1945:

(a) Steaming as before. Stood into BUCKNER BAY, OKINAWA at 0847 and anchored at 1000 in Berth B-116. Darkened ship at 2005, Flash Blue. Lighted ship at 2021, Flash White.



6-7 September 1945:

(a) Anchored as before.



8 September 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway on orders of ComServRon 104 and moored port side to the USS CHOTAUK, to fuel. Received 237,000 gal. of black oil and Reanchored in Berth B-116.



9 September 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway for SESOKO HARBOR, OKINAWA SHIMA at 0848 in obedience to orders of CTU 99.6.2 dispatch; in company with USS JACK MILLER DE-410, as escort, and LST #1045. OTC in this vessel, guide in USS JACK MILLER. Detached escort at 1342 and LST #1045 at 1352to proceed on duty assigned. Anchored at 1631 in berth S-9 SESOKO HARBOR. This Command assumed duties of SOPA this anchorage.



10 September 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Unloaded miscellaneous equipment of MTBron 32 in LCT #1396 during the morning. Ballasted down during the evening and launched four (4) PT boast of MTBRon 32. Due to damage inflicted by storm mentioned earlier in the diary, PT boats #474 and #477 were retained aboard with two (2) officers and seven (7) men to unload at SAMAR, P.I. in accordance with CincPac CincPOa Adv. Hdq. dispatch.



11 September 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway at 1517 for HAGUSHI, OKINAWA and anchored at 1757 in berth H-306 HAGUSHI, OKINAWA.



12 September 1945:

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway at 1510 in obedience to orders of Port Director, Okinawa OKI #24, enroute OKINAWA to GUIUAN, SAMAR, P.I. Took station 800 yards astern the USS BRULE at 1030. This vessel is a member of T.U. 53.6.8 OTC in USS GENTRY, guide in USS BRULE.



13-15 September 1945:

(a) Steaming as before.



16 September 1945

(a) Steaming as before. Anchored at 1000 Guiuan Roadstead, Samar, PI.



17 September 1945

(a) Anchored as before.



18 September 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Launched and dispatched damaged PT boats of PTBRon 32, hull Nos. 477 and 474, to Base 17 Guiuan Samar. Unloaded and transferred 6 PT skids to PT Base 17 in accordance with CincPac Adv.Hdq. despatch 070749 of 18 September 1945. Received and docked 18 LCM (6)s from PbibPac Replacement Pool, Samar (SLCU #28). Underway at 1548 for Lauaan Bay to take on water. Anchored at 1827 Sauaan Anchorage.



19 September 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway at 1006, moving closer to beach, and anchored at 1041. Received on board 70,000 gallons of water from water barge alongside; got underway and anchored in LAUAAN ANCHORAGE.



20 September 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0505 for Guiuan Roadstead, Samar, PI. Anchored at 0745, Guiuan Roadstead. Received 95 enlisted passengers (Draft #1127-45, 20 September 1945) from U.S. Navy Receiving Station Navy 3256 FFT to Okinawa. Underway at 1217, with escort USS Thomason (DE-203), enroute Guiuan Roadstead, Samar to Buckner Bay, Okinawa.



21-22 September 1945

Steaming as before.



23 September 1945

(a) Steaming as before. Anchored at 1227 Buckner Bay, Okinawa.



24 September 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Transferred Navy Draft #1127-45 to USN Receiving Station, Navy #3256.



25 September 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway and moored alongside the USS COMANESQUE at 1504 to take on fuel. Having received 139,000 gallons of black oil got underway from alongside the USS COMANESQUE and re-anchored in berth B-69 Buckner Bay.



26 September 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0558 enroute Buckner Bay to Nago Wan, Okinawa. Anchored at 1205 in Berth E-183 Nago Wan. This vessel, USS ASHLAND is now under Com7thPhibForPac (Vice Admiral Barbey); reported to ComTransRon 17 for inclusion in convoy en route Nago Wan to Jinsen Ko, Korea. Underway at 1517 enroute Nago Wan, Okinawa for Jinsen Ko, Korea, in company with TU 78.1.91 (CTU: Commodore BRITTAIN USN in USS CHILTON APA 38).



27 September 1945

(a) Steaming as before.



28 September 1945

(a) Steaming as before. Maneuvered during the afternoon to avoid drifting and floating mines in immediate vicinity of RAKYO TO ISLAND. Left company of T.T. 78.1.91 at 1631 and joined the USS LLOYD APD-63 AT 1902. Latter vessel assumed duties of guide and escort.



29 September 1945

(a) Steaming as before, USS LLOYD detached at 0900, duties of guide and escort completed. Anchored at 1023 in berth C-29 Jinsen Ko, Korea. During the afternoon, transferred four boat officers in accordance with Com7thPhib visual 270054, and 90 men and 18 LCM (6)s in accordance with Com7thPhib dispatch 250203, to report to CTG 70.2.



30 September 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Shifted berths from C-29 to berth B-71 during the morning.



T.E. Hatch

Commanding Officer



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF OCTOBER 1945





1 October 1945

(a) This vessel the USS ASHLAND (LSD-1) is attached to the AdComPhibsForPac assigned to Com7thPhibFor. Anchored at Jinsen Ko, Korea, having discharged boats and crews.



2 October 1945

(a) At 1333 underway en route LEYTE, P.I. independently.



3-7 October 1945

(a) Steaming as before.



8 October 1945

(a) Stood into San Pedro Bay, P.I. Pursuant to orders of CTG 13.13 dispatch 072331 destination changed to Samar, P.I. and anchored at Guiuan Roadstead.



9-14 October 1945

(a) Anchored as before.



15 October 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Drydocked vessel in ABSD#5 pursuant to orders of manager SRB Samar, P.I. Ship undergoing repairs by ship's forces and Repair Base Personnel.



16-23 October 1945

(a) Resting on blocks in dry dock as before. Ship undergoing repair by ship's force and Repair Base Personnel.



24 October 1945

(a) Resting on blocks in dry dock as before. Undocked at 1604 and underway to Lauaan Bay for fresh water. Anchored at 1925 Lauaan Bay, P.I.



25 October 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Received on board 70,000 gallons of fresh water and got underway for San Pedro Bay, LEYTE to take on fuel. Received 178,825 gallons of black oil from USS ABARENDA. Got underway from USS ABARENDA and anchored in berth 119 San Pedro Bay, P.I.



26 October 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Underway at 0506 en route Guiuan Roadstead, Samar, P.I. Anchored at 0845 Guiuan Roadstead. Docked 8 LCM(3)'s, 12 LCM(6)'s and received on board as boat crews 60 men from PhibsPac Replacement Pool.



27 October 1945

(a) At 0611 underway for Okinawa in accordance Com7thPhib dispatch 250203 of September 1945.



28-29 October 1945

(a) Steaming as before.



30 October 1945

(a) Steaming as before. Anchored at 1640 in berth H-305 Hagushi Anchorage, Okinawa.



31 October 1945

(a) Anchored as before.



T.E. Hatch

Commanding Officer



WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER 1945



1 November 1945

(a) The USS ASHLAND LSD-1 is attached to ComAdComPhibs For Pac, and assigned to Com7thPhib.

(b) Anchored at HAGUSHI Anchorage OKINAWA.



2 November 1945

(a) Anchored as before.



3 November 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Underway to 0552 pursuant to orders of CTG 78.14 1945 enroute Okinawa to Shanghai, China with USS KELLER (DE 419), as TU 78.14 OTC and guide in USS ASHLAND.



4 November 1945

(a) Steaming as before. Escort, USS KELLER, detonated two mines and sank one without its detonating in vicinity of entrance to YANGTZE RIVER. Stood into YANGTZE RIVER AT 1610 with pilot aboard. Anchored at 1952 in Quarantine Anchorage YANGTZE RIVER, CHINA.



5 November 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Retarded all ships clocks 1 hour to conform with -8 Time Zone. Underway at 0750 changing anchorage to Berth 67 in area of WOO SUNG, YANGTZE RIVER. anchored AT 0829.





6-7 November 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Undocked 20 LCM8's on 7 November and transferred them with crews, in accordance with orders of Com7Phib dispatch 290255 of October to CTU 70.2.3.



8 November 1945

(a Anchored as before. Underway at 0735, with pilot aboard, enroute to TAKU, China, in obedience to orders of CTG 78.14 despatch 020002 of November 1945 and Com7thPhib despatch 290255 of 10/29/45. Stood out of YANGTZE RIVER, at 1040 dropped pilot and joined USS KELLER (DE 419) forming TU 28.14.11 OTC and guide in USS ASHLAND.



9 November 1945

(a) Steaming as before.



10 November 1945

(a) Steaming as before. Anchored at 1445 in TAKU anchorage, Gulf of POHAI, CHINA. TU 78.14.11 dissolved. Assumed duty of boat pool maintenance, TAKU Area.



11-30 November 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Repair of landing craft in progress.

WAR DIARY FOR THE MONTH OF DECEMBER 1945



1 - 28 December 1945

(a) The USS ASHLAND LSD-1 is assigned to the Commander 7th Fleet, and attached to the Commander Amphibious Group 8 Pac Fleet.

(b) Anchored in Taku Anchorage Gulf of Pohai, China as repair vessel this area servicing and repair of landing craft in progress.



28 December 1945

(a) Anchored as before. Got underway during the late evening in company with USS TORGUGA (LSD-26) in accordance with CTC 78.19 dispatch of 29 December 1945, enroute TAKU to JINSEN KOREA. These two vessels constitute TU 78.19.8 OTC and guide in USS ASHLAND (LSD-1). This vessel transporting LCT's #615, #1171 and #1233 to Jinsen.



30 December 1945

Steaming as before.



31 December 1945

(a) Steaming as before. Standing into Jinsen Korea. Anchored at 1114, Jinsen Korea, Berth C-8.

1946

There are no records available after December 31, 1945.

NSD Naval Supply Depot

CTF Commander Task Force

CTU Commander Task Unit

CTG Commander Task Group

TG Task Group

TU Task Unit

OTC Official Tactical Command

AdComPhibsForPac Administrative Command Amphibious Forces Pacific



AWARDS AND COMMENDATIONS



The USS ASHLAND (LSD-1) and crew earned seven Battle Stars on the Asiatic-Pacific Area Service Medal for participating in the following operations:



1 Star - Gilbert Islands Operation - 13 November to 8 December 1943

1 Star - Marshal Islands Operation - Occupation of KWAJALEIN and Majuro Atolls,

29 January to 8 February 1944

1 Star - Marianas Operation - Capture and occupation of Saipan

11 June to 10 August 1944

1 Star - Tinian capture and occupation - 24 July to 1 August 1944

1 Star - LEYTE Operation - LEYTE Landing, 10 October to 29 November 1944

1 Star - LUZON Operation - LINGAYEN GULF Landing 4 to 18 January 1945

1 Star - Iwo Jima Operation - Assault and occupation of Iwo Jima, 15 February to

26 March 1945.

She also earned the Navy Occupation Medal, Pacific, for the periods of 2 September to 3 October 1945 and 31 December 1945 to 5 January 1946.



WHAT HAPPENED TO ASHLAND?



Two reports indicate that ASHLAND was cut up for scrap, although the reports differ as to where this took place. The USS ASHLAND LSD Association is investigating to learn when, where and how the ship was finally disposed.



J.W. Conover, who had been a crew member of the LSD-27 (Whetstone), last of the LSD's from WWII, saw an LSD that he said was the LSD-1 being dismantled at Doan's Shipyard, south of Bordentown, N.J. We tried to verify the information but found that the shipyard had been sold to North American Marine Salvage about 1979. According to the Navy the ship was stricken in 1969 and was sold to a Canadian salvage firm, N.W. Kennedy, LTD, Vancouver, BC, at that time. We also know that she was stripped of materials of possible historic interest and these things have been kept by the Navy Ships History Unit, according to Commander Douglas Keith, Commanding Officer of the USS ASHLAND LSD-48.



Another account of what may have happened to her:



I can't remember the exact date, but it must have been in the late 60's or perhaps early 70's. I was crossing the Southern Branch of the Elizabeth River (one of the rivers along with the James and Nansemond which flow together to create Hampton Roads) on the Military Highway bridge when what should I see but LSD-1. She was obviously in the hands of a shipbreaker and most of her superstructure had been cut off, but the hull was still intact with her hull number plainly visible. As I had served on her for three years, needless to say I was interested and excited.

I was not allowed to go on board and I don't remember the name of the shipbreaking firm. But she was moored to a pier just on the north side of the bridge over the Southern Branch and was clearly well on her way to being cut up for scrap or whatever. -O.B. "Jesse" James, Richmond, VA. 1951-1954.



FORMER ASHLANDERS COMMEMORATE 50 YEARS



On July 7-11, 1993, ASHLANDERS and their wives, plus guests, met at Lexington, Kentucky for the USS ASHLAND's fiftieth birthday. A memorial service was held at ASHLAND, the home of Senator Henry Clay, for which the USS ASHLAND was named. Some 100 Ashlanders participated in the service which remembered those shipmates who have passed on. During the reunion, the former crew-members of the USS ASHLAND had the opportunity to become reacquainted with men with whom they had previously served.





SOME WHO CONTRIBUTED TO THIS DOCUMENT



OBJ - O.B. "Jesse" James 51-54

JJR - CDR James J. Ridge, Commanding Officer

JR - Jack Ryan

MD - Merle Devore

NEA - N.E.A. Atkinson, Chief Bos'n, USN(Ret)

RB - Richard Brinton PhM3c, who smuggled "LADY", the monkey aboard

RT - Ray Talley

AP - Arthur J. Poirier, Cox







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